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Dutch Malacca
Malacca
(1641–1825) was the longest period that Malacca
Malacca
was under foreign control. The Dutch ruled for almost 183 years with intermittent British occupation during the Napoleonic Wars (1795–1818). This era saw relative peace with little serious interruption from the Malay kingdoms due to the understanding earlier on forged between the Dutch and the Sultanate of Johor
Sultanate of Johor
in 1606. This time also marked the decline of the importance of Malacca. The Dutch preferred Batavia (present day Jakarta) as their economic and administrative centre in the region and their hold in Malacca
Malacca
was to prevent the loss of the city to other European powers and subsequently the competition that would naturally come with it. Thus in the 17th century, with Malacca
Malacca
ceased to be an important port, the Johor Sultanate became the dominant local power in the region, due to the opening of its ports and the alliance with the Dutch.

Contents

1 Dutch conquest of Portuguese Malacca 2 Administration of Malacca

2.1 Governors of Malacca

3 The Town and Fortress of Malacca 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading

Dutch conquest of Portuguese Malacca[edit]

Dutch Malacca, c. 1665.

In the early 17th century, the Dutch East India Company
Dutch East India Company
(Dutch: Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, VOC) began the campaign to destroy Portuguese power in the East. At that time, the Portuguese had transformed Malacca
Malacca
into an impregnable fortress (the Fortaleza de Malaca), controlling access to the sea lanes of the Straits of Malacca and the spice trade there. The Dutch started by launching small incursions and skirmishes against the Portuguese. The first serious attempt was the siege of Malacca
Malacca
in 1606 by the third VOC fleet from the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
with eleven ships, under Admiral Cornelis Matelief de Jonge that led to the naval battle of Cape Rachado. Although the Dutch were routed, the Portuguese fleet of Martim Afonso de Castro, the Viceroy of Goa, suffered heavier casualties and the battle rallied the forces of the Sultanate of Johor
Sultanate of Johor
in an alliance with the Dutch and later on with the Acehnese. The Dutch with their local allies assaulted and wrested Malacca
Malacca
from the Portuguese in January 1641. This combined Dutch-Johor effort effectively destroyed the last bastion of Portuguese power, removing their influence in the Malay archipelago. As per the agreement with Johor in 1606, the Dutch took control of Malacca
Malacca
and agreed not to seek territories or wage war with the Malay kingdoms. Administration of Malacca[edit]

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Al-Ma'unah
Incident 2000

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Black-Out rally 2013

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MAS MH17 Incident 2014

AirasiaQZ8501 Incident 2014

Bersih 4 rally 2015

2015 Malay Dignity rally 2015

Bersih 5 rally 2016

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The Dutch Square, with Christ Church (left, built in 1753) and the Stadthuys
Stadthuys
(right).

Malacca
Malacca
was controlled as a colony of the VOC. All the chief administrators of Malacca
Malacca
were Dutch governors except for the brief period that the city was under British Residents during the Wars of Napoleon. The governors and residents list is as follows: Governors of Malacca[edit]

Governors of Dutch Malacca
Malacca
(1641–1795)

Governors From Until

Johan van Twist 1641 1642

Jeremias van Vliet 1642 1645

Arnout de Vlamingh van Oudtshoorn 1645 1646

Jan Thyszoon Payart 1646 1662

Jan Anthonisz van Riebeeck 1662 1665

Balthasar Bort 1665 1679

Jacob Joriszoon Pits 1679 1680

Cornelis van Quaelberg 1680 1684

Nikolaas Schaghen 1684 1686

Dirk Komans (1st time) 1686 1686

Thomas Slicher 1686 1691

Dirk Komans (2nd time) 1691 1692

Gelmer Vosberg 1692 1697

Goevert van Hoorn 1697 1700

Bernhard Phoonsen 1700 1704

Johan Grotenhuys (acting) 1704 1704

Karel Bolner 1704 1707

Pieter Rooselaar 1707 1709

Willem Six 1709 1711

Willem Moerman 1711 1717

Herman van Suchtelen 1717 1726

Johan Frederik Gobius 1726 1730

Pieter Rochus Pasques de Chavonnes 1730 1735

Roger de Lavez 1735 1741

Willem Bernard Albinus 1741 1748

Pieter van Heemskerk 1748 1753

Willem Dekker 1753 1758

David Boelen 1758 1764

Thomas Schippers 1764 1771

Jan Crans 1771 1775

Pieter Gerardus de Bruijn 1775 1788

Abraham Couperus 1788 1795

British Residents of Malacca
Malacca
(1795–1818)

Residents From Until

Archibald Brown 1795 1795

Thomas Parr 1795 1796

Richard Tolson 1796 1797

David Campbell 1797 1798

Aldwell Taylor 1798 1803

Willem Jacob Cranssen (Dutch Governor) 1802

William Farquhar 1803 1818

Governors of Dutch Malacca
Malacca
(1818–1825)

Governors From Until

Jan Samuel Timmermann Thijssen 1818 1822

Adriaan Koek (acting) 1822 1824

Hendrik Stephanus van Son 1824 1825

The Town and Fortress of Malacca[edit]

The town and fortress of Malacca
Malacca
(1780)

The Dutch improved and expanded the Portuguese fortress and built walls to protect the harbour and expanded city. During their rule the famous city hall or Stadthuys
Stadthuys
was also constructed, which still stands today.

Dutch graves in the ruined St Paul's Church.

Dutch Graveyard.

See also[edit]

Dutch Graveyard

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

De Witt, Dennis (2007). History of the Dutch in Malaysia. Malaysia: Nutmeg Publishing. ISBN 978-983-43519-0-8. 

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