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Provinces

Autonomous regions

Special
Special
administrative regions

Sub-provincial level

Sub-provincial cities

Sub-provincial autonomous prefectures

Sub-provincial city
Sub-provincial city
districts

Prefectural level (2nd) Prefectural cities

Autonomous prefectures

Leagues

Prefectures (abolishing)

Sub-prefectural-level

Sub-prefectural cities

Provincial-controlled cities

Provincial-controlled counties

Provincial-controlled districts

County
County
level (3rd) Counties

Autonomous counties

County-level cities

Districts Ethnic districts

Banners Autonomous banners

Shennongjia
Shennongjia
Forestry District

Liuzhi Special
Special
District

Wolong Special
Special
Administrative Region

Workers and peasants districts (obsolete)

Analogous county level units

Management areas Management committee

Township level (4th) Townships

Ethnic townships

Towns

Subdistricts Subdistrict bureaux

Sums

Ethnic sums

County-controlled districts County-controlled district bureaux (obsolete)

Management committees

Town-level city (pilot)

Analogous township level units

Management areas Management committee

Areas

Farms area, Prison area, University towns etc.

Village level (5th) informal

(Grassroots Autonomous Organizations)

Villages · Gaqas Village Committees

Residential communities Residential Committees

Other

Regions

Capital cities

New areas

Autonomous administrative divisions

National Central Cities

Special
Special
Economic Zones

History: before 1912, 1912–49, 1949–present

Administrative division codes

v t e

The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. In the modern context, district or sub-city (Chinese: 区), formally city-governed district, city-controlled district, or municipal district (Chinese: 市辖区), are subdivisions of a municipality or a prefecture-level city. The rank of a district derives from the rank of its city. Districts of a municipality are prefecture-level; districts of a sub-provincial city are sub-prefecture-level; and districts of a prefecture-level city are county-level. It was also formerly used to refer the obsolete County-controlled districts (also known as district public office). However, if the word district is encountered in the context of ancient Chinese history, then it is a translation for xian, another type of administrative division in China. Before the 1980s, cities in the People's Republic of China
China
were administrative divisions containing mostly urban, built-up areas, with very little farmland, except for the immediate suburbs in order to ensure a large supply of food or raw materials. As a result, districts were also mostly urban or suburban in nature. After the 1980s, prefectures began to be replaced with prefecture-level cities. From then on, "cities" in mainland China became just like any other administrative division, containing urban areas, towns, villages, and farmland. These cities are subdivided into districts, counties, autonomous counties, and county-level cities. At the same time, counties and county-level cities began to be replaced with districts, especially after 1990. From then onwards, districts were no longer strictly an urban entities — some districts today are just like counties, with a large towns and townships under them governing rural areas.

Contents

1 Types of districts

1.1 Regular districts 1.2 Ethnic districts 1.3 Defunct ethnic district 1.4 Special
Special
districts 1.5 Forestry districts 1.6 10 Most Populated districts 1.7 Number of districts per city

2 County-controlled districts (obsolete) 3 Ancient sense 4 See also 5 References

Types of districts[edit] Regular districts[edit] Further information: List of districts in China A regular district under a municipality or prefecture-level city. Ethnic districts[edit] A type of city districts that are specially created for ethnic minorities. Currently there are 4 such "ethnic districts": three in Henan
Henan
and one in Heilongjiang.

Chanhe Hui District Guancheng Hui District Shunhe Hui District Meilisi Daur District

Defunct ethnic district[edit]

Huimin District

Special
Special
districts[edit] A special county-level division located in Guizhou.

Liuzhi Special
Special
District, Liupanshui

Forestry districts[edit] A special Sub-prefectural-level forestry district located in Hubei.

Shennongjia

10 Most Populated districts[edit]

District Population (2010 Census)

Pudong, Shanghai 5,044,430

Bao'an, Shenzhen 4,017,807

Chaoyang, Beijing 3,545,137

Haidian, Beijing 3,280,670

Nanhai, Foshan 2,588,844

Binhai, Tianjin 2,482,065

Shunde, Foshan 2,461,701

Minhang, Shanghai 2,429,372

Baiyun, Guangzhou 2,223,150

Fengtai, Beijing 2,112,162

Number of districts per city[edit]

Number of districts cities Number of cities

26 Chongqing 1

16 Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin 3

15 Yichun (HL) 1

13 Wuhan 1

11 Guangzhou, Nanjing, Chengdu, Xi'an 4

10 Shenyang,Hangzhou 2

9 Harbin, 1

8 Shijiazhuang, Shenzhen 2

7 Tangshan, Qiqihar, Changchun, Dalian, Nanning, Ürümqi, Kunming, Jinan, Qingdao 9

6 Zhangjiakou, Xiamen, Shantou, Guiyang, Jixi, Hegang, Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Changsha, Nanchang, Taiyuan, Ningbo, Guilin, Baotou, Handan, Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(FJ) 16

5 Huainan, Lanzhou, Foshan, Baoding, Daqing, Kaifeng, Yichang, Hengyang, Wuxi, Xuzhou, Changzhou, Suzhou
Suzhou
(JS), Fuxin, Zibo, Zaozhuang, Liuzhou 16

4 Hefei, Wuhu, Bengbu, Putian, Quanzhou, Zhanjiang, Haikou, Sanya, Qinhuangdao, Shuangyashan, Jiamusi, Mudanjiang, Pingdingshan, Anyang, Xinxiang, Jiaozuo, Huangshi, Zhuzhou, Huai'an, Jilin, Anshan, Fushun, Benxi, Yingkou, Liaoyang, Xining, Yantai, Weifang, Datong, Zigong, Leshan, Wenzhou, Hohhot, Karamay 34

3 Tongling, Ma'anshan, Huaibei, Anqing, Huangshan, Fuyang, Lu'an, Shaoguan, Zhuhai, Jiangmen, Zhaoqing, Chengde, Qitaihe, Hebi, Luohe, Shiyan, Xiangyang, Ezhou, Shaoyang, Yueyang, Nantong, Lianyungang, Yancheng, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, Taizhou (JS), Jingdezhen, Dongying, Dandong, Jinzhou, Panjin, Tieling, Huludao, Tongchuan, Baoji, Xianyang, Linyi, Yangquan, Panzhihua, Luzhou, Guangyuan, Nanchong, Mianyang, Shaoxing, Taizhou (ZJ), Zunyi, Wuzhou, Beihai, Guigang, Wuhai, Chifeng, Yinchuan, Ganzhou 53

2 Chuzhou, Hengshui, Sanming, Zhangzhou, Nanping, Longyan, Baiyin, Tianshui, Longnan, Maoming, Huizhou, Meizhou, Yangjiang, Qingyuan, Chaozhou, Jieyang, Yunfu, Anshun, Tongren, Xingtai, Cangzhou, Langfang, Sanmenxia, Nanyang, Shangqiu, Xinyang, Xuchang, Jingmen, Jingzhou, Xiangtan, Changde, Zhangjiajie, Yiyang, Chenzhou, Yongzhou, Suqian, Pingxiang, Jiujiang, Ji'an, Shangrao, Siping, Liaoyuan, Tonghua, Baishan, Chaoyang, Haidong, Weinan, Jining, Tai'an, Weihai, Rizhao, Laiwu, Dezhou, Binzhou, Heze, Yulin (SN), Changzhi, Shuozhou, Suining, Neijiang, Meishan, Yibin, Guang'an, Dazhou, Ya'an, Bazhong, Ziyang, Yuxi, Jiaxing, Huzhou, Jinhua, Quzhou, Zhoushan, Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(JX), Fangchenggang, Qinzhou, Yulin (GX), Hezhou, Hechi, Yan'an, Ordos, Hulunbuir, Shizuishan, Wuzhong, Lhasa, Qujing 86

1 Suzhou
Suzhou
(AH), Bozhou, Chizhou, Xuancheng, Ningde, Jinchang, Wuwei, Zhangye, Pingliang, Jiuquan, Qingyang, Dingxi, Shanwei, Heyuan, Bijie, Liupanshui, Heihe, Suihua, Puyang, Zhoukou, Zhumadian, Xiaogan, Huanggang, Xianning, Suizhou, Huaihua, Loudi, Xinyu, Yingtan, Yichun (JX), Songyuan, Baicheng, Hanzhong, Ankang, Shangluo, Liaocheng, Jincheng, Jinzhong, Yuncheng, Xinzhou, Linfen, Lüliang, Deyang, Baoshan, Zhaotong, Lijiang, Pu'er, Lincang, Lishui, Baise, Laibin, Chongzuo, Tongliao, Bayannur, Ulanqab, Guyuan, Zhongwei, Xigazê, Qamdo, Nyingchi, Shannan, Turpan, Hami 63

0 Jiayuguan, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Sansha, Danzhou 5

County-controlled districts (obsolete)[edit] A county-controlled district sometimes translated as county-governed district; county district or sub-county; (Chinese: 县辖区,区; pinyin: Xiànxiáqǖ, Qǖ) is a sub-county in the People's Republic of China. A branch of a county government, a district public office (Chinese: 区公所; pinyin: Qū gōngsuǒ) is the administrative office in a district, it is not a local government. A county-controlled district was once an important subdivision of a county all over China
China
from 1950s to 1990s. It was common for there to be about 5 to 10 districts in a county, then about 3 to 5 towns and townships in a district. After the 1990s, county-controlled districts began to be phased out, and their role were taken over by larger towns or townships created by merging smaller ones. At the end of 2011, there are just 2 county-controlled districts left in China:

Nanshan District
District
(Zhuolu County, Zhangjiakou, Hebei) Kuiyibage District
District
(Poskam County, Kaxgar Prefecture, Xinjiang)

See Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China
China
for how these two types of districts fit into the general administrative hierarchy of mainland China. Ancient sense[edit] See also: Counties of the People's Republic of China
Counties of the People's Republic of China
§ History If the word "district" is encountered in the context of ancient Chinese history, then the word is a translation for xian, another type of administrative division in China. Xian has been translated using several English terms. In the context of ancient history, "district" and "prefecture" are commonly used, while "county" is used for more contemporary contexts. See Counties of the People's Republic of China
Counties of the People's Republic of China
for more information on the xian of China. See also[edit]

List of districts in China District

Refe