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Dimitrios Voulgaris
Dimitrios Voulgaris
(Greek: Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης; December 20, 1802 – January 10, 1877)[1] was a Greek revolutionary fighter during the Greek War of Independence
Greek War of Independence
of 1821 who became a politician after independence. He was nicknamed "Tsoumpes" (Τσουμπές) after the distinctive Ottoman-style robe he wore. Voulgaris was born on December 20, 1802 on the island of Hydra in the Saronic Islands. When the War of Independence broke out, he participated in naval operations against the forces of the Ottoman Empire. After independence was achieved, Voulgaris became involved in politics as a bitter opponent of Governor Ioannis Kapodistrias. In 1843, Voulgaris was appointed to the newly created Senate and in 1847, he became Minister for the Navy. He became Prime Minister for the first time in 1855 during the Crimean War. He was elected to the post again in elections marked by widespread corruption and fraud. Voulgaris was involved in the coup against Otto of Greece
Otto of Greece
in October 1862 and became Prime Minister once more. In total, he was Prime Minister eight times; however, his terms in office where characterised by corruption. Finally, in 1875, Charilaos Trikoupis
Charilaos Trikoupis
published his famous article "Who is to blame?" ("Τις πταίει;") in the Athens
Athens
daily "Times" ("Καιροί") concerning the waste and corruption of the government. After a strong public outcry, King George I dismissed Voulgaris. Many of his associates were indicted on a variety of charges and Voulgaris himself took ill and died in Athens on January 10, 1878. References[edit]

Δημήτριος Βούλγαρης

Political offices

Preceded by Alexandros Mavrokordatos Prime Minister of Greece October 11, 1855 – November 25, 1857 Succeeded by Athanasios Miaoulis

Preceded by Gennaios Kolokotronis Prime Minister of Greece October 23, 1862 – February 21, 1863 Succeeded by Aristeidis Moraitinis

Preceded by Benizelos Rouphos Prime Minister of Greece November 6, 1863 – March 17, 1864 Succeeded by Konstantinos Kanaris

Preceded by Epameinondas Deligeorgis Prime Minister of Greece November 15, 1865 – November 18, 1865 Succeeded by Alexandros Koumoundouros

Preceded by Benizelos Rouphos Prime Minister of Greece June 21, 1866 – December 30, 1866 Succeeded by Alexandros Koumoundouros

Preceded by Aristeidis Moraitinis Prime Minister of Greece February 6, 1868 – February 6, 1869 Succeeded by Thrasyvoulos Zaimis

Preceded by Thrasyvoulos Zaimis Prime Minister of Greece January 6, 1872 – July 20, 1872 Succeeded by Epameinondas Deligeorgis

Preceded by Epameinondas Deligeorgis Prime Minister of Greece February 21, 1874 – May 8, 1875 Succeeded by Charilaos Trikoupis

v t e

Heads of government of Greece

First Hellenic Republic (1822–1832)

Mavrokordatos P. Mavromichalis Kountouriotis And. Zaimis I. Kapodistrias A. Kapodistrias

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Wittelsbach) (1833–1862)

Sp. Trikoupis Mavrokordatos Kolettis von Armansperg von Rudhart King Otto Mavrokordatos King Otto A. Metaxas Kanaris Mavrokordatos Kolettis Tzavelas Kountouriotis Kanaris Kriezis Mavrokordatos D. Voulgaris Miaoulis Kolokotronis

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Glücksburg) (1863–1924)

D. Voulgaris Moraitinis Z. Valvis Kyriakos Roufos D. Voulgaris Kanaris Z. Valvis Kanaris Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Roufos D. Voulgaris Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Roufos D. Voulgaris Koumoundouros Moraitinis D. Voulgaris Thr. Zaimis Deligeorgis Koumoundouros Thr. Zaimis D. Voulgaris Deligeorgis D. Voulgaris Ch. Trikoupis Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Koumoundouros Kanaris Koumoundouros Ch. Trikoupis Koumoundouros Ch. Trikoupis Koumoundouros Ch. Trikoupis Diligiannis D. Valvis Ch. Trikoupis Diligiannis Konstantopoulos Ch. Trikoupis Sotiropoulos Ch. Trikoupis Deligiannis Diligiannis D. Rallis Al. Zaimis G. Theotokis Al. Zaimis Diligiannis G. Theotokis D. Rallis G. Theotokis Diligiannis D. Rallis G. Theotokis D. Rallis K. Mavromichalis Dragoumis El. Venizelos Gounaris El. Venizelos Al. Zaimis Skouloudis Al. Zaimis Kalogeropoulos El. Venizelos2 Lambros Al. Zaimis El. Venizelos D. Rallis Kalogeropoulos Gounaris Stratos Protopapadakis Triantafyllakos Charalambis Krokidas Gonatas El. Venizelos Kafantaris

Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)

Papanastasiou Sofoulis Michalakopoulos Pangalos1 Eftaxias1 Kondylis3 Al. Zaimis El. Venizelos Papanastasiou El. Venizelos P. Tsaldaris El. Venizelos Othonaios3 P. Tsaldaris

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Glücksburg) (1935–1973)

Kondylis1 Demertzis I. Metaxas1 Koryzis Tsouderos2 Tsolakoglou4 Logothetopoulos4 I. Rallis4 Bakirtzis2 S. Venizelos2 Svolos2 G. Papandreou (Sr.) Plastiras P. Voulgaris Archbishop Damaskinos Kanellopoulos Sofoulis Poulitsas3 K. Tsaldaris Maximos K. Tsaldaris Sofoulis Vafeiadis2 Zachariadis2 Partsalidis2 Diomidis I. Theotokis3 S. Venizelos Plastiras S. Venizelos Plastiras Kiousopoulos3 Papagos K. Karamanlis (Sr.) Georgakopoulos3 K. Karamanlis (Sr.) Dovas3 K. Karamanlis (Sr.) Pipinelis Sty. Mavromichalis3 G. Papandreou (Sr.) Paraskevopoulos3 G. Papandreou (Sr.) Novas Tsirimokos Stefanopoulos Paraskevopoulos3 Kanellopoulos3

Military Junta (1967–1974)

Kollias1 Papadopoulos1 Markezinis1 Androutsopoulos1

Third Hellenic Republic (since 1974)

K. Karamanlis (Sr.) G. Rallis A. Papandreou Tzannetakis Grivas3 Zolotas Mitsotakis A. Papandreou Simitis K. Karamanlis (Jr.) G. Papandreou (Jr.) Papademos3 Pikrammenos3 Samaras Tsipras Thanou3 Tsipras

1Head of military/dictatorial government. 2Head of rival government not controlling Athens. 3Head of emergency or caretaker government. 4Head of collaborationist government during the Axis occupation (1941–44).

v t e

Foreign Ministers of Greece

First Hellenic Republic (1822–1832)

Negris§ Al. Mavrokordatos§ Glarakis§ Sp. Trikoupis§†

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Wittelsbach) (1833–1862)

Sp. Trikoupis Al. Mavrokordatos Rizos-Neroulos von Rudhart Zografos Paikos Christidis Rizos-Neroulos P. Deligiannis A. Metaxas Mansolas Sp. Trikoupis Kolettis Tzavelas Kolettis Tzavelas Mansolas Kolokotronis Londos Glarakis Londos P. Deligiannis Paikos Argyropoulos Al. Mavrokordatos Sp. Trikoupis Rangavis Palamidis Thr. Zaimis Krestenitis Papalexopoulos Christopoulos Theocharis

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Glücksburg) (1863–1924)

Diamantopoulos Kalligas D. Mavrokordatos Diligiannis Kalligas P. Deligiannis Diligiannis Kalligas Diligiannis Boudouris Vrailas-Armenis Deligeorgis Christopoulos Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Valasopoulos Valaoritis Deligeorgis Ch. Trikoupis P. Deligiannis Diligiannis Valaoritis Deligeorgis Christopoulos Thr. Zaimis D. Voulgaris Spiliotakis I. Deligiannis Ch. Trikoupis Kontostavlos Deligeorgis Kontostavlos Deligeorgis Koumoundouros Ch. Trikoupis Diligiannis Ch. Trikoupis Diligiannis Ch. Trikoupis Koumoundouros Rikakis Ch. Trikoupis Koumoundouros Diligiannis Louriotis S. Dragoumis L. Deligiorgis Meletopoulos S. Dragoumis Kontostavlos N. Deligiannis Skouzes Skouloudis Al. Zaimis Romanos Al. Zaimis Skouzes G. Theotokis D. Rallis Romanos Skouzes Baltatzis Christakis-Zografos Mavromichalis Kallergis Gryparis Koromilas Panas Streit El. Venizelos Christakis-Zografos Gounaris El. Venizelos Al. Zaimis Skouloudis Al. Zaimis Karapanos Zalokostas Al. Zaimis Politis D. Rallis Kalogeropoulos Baltatzis Stratos Baltatzis Kalogeropoulos Papanastasiou

Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)

Roussos Rendis Roussos Michalakopoulos Hatzikyriakos Rendis Hatzikyriakos Kanakaris-Roufos Argyropoulos Michalakopoulos Karapanos Argyropoulos Michalakopoulos Papanastasiou Michalakopoulos I. Rallis Michalakopoulos Mavroudis Maximos P. Tsaldaris Maximos P. Tsaldaris Maximos I. Theotokis

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Glücksburg) (1935–1973/4)

Demertzis I. Metaxas Koryzis Tsouderos G. Papandreou (Sr.) Sofianopoulos P. Voulgaris Politis Kanellopoulos Sofianopoulos Rendis K. Tsaldaris Pipinelis S. Venizelos Plastiras S. Venizelos Politis S. Venizelos F. Dragoumis Stefanopoulos S. Theotokis Averoff Pesmazoglou Averoff Pesmazoglou Averoff Pipinelis Oikonomou-Gouras S. Venizelos Xanthopoulos-Palamas Kostopoulos Melas Tsirimokos Stefanopoulos Toumbas Oikonomou-Gouras

Military Junta (1967–1974)

Oikonomou-Gouras Kollias Pipinelis Papadopoulos Xanthopoulos-Palamas Tetenes

Third Hellenic Republic (since 1974)

Kypraios Mavros Bitsios Papaligouras G. Rallis Mitsotakis Charalambopoulos K. Papoulias G. Papoulias Samaras Mitsotakis Papakonstantinou K. Papoulias Pangalos G. Papandreou (Jr.) Giannitsis Molyviatis Bakoyannis G. Papandreou (Jr.) Droutsas Lambrinidis Dimas Molyviatis Avramopoulos Ev. Venizelos Kotzias Molyviatis Kotzias

§ variously as Chief Secretary/General Secretary of State † officially considered the first foreign minister of independent Greece

v t e

Interior Ministers of Greece

First Hellenic Republic (1822–1832)

Kolettis Papaflessas Anast. Londos Collective committees (1827–32) Christidis

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Wittelsbach) (1833–1862)

Rizos–Neroulos Psyllas Kolettis Praidis Mansolas Polyzoidis Glarakis Theocharis Mavrokordatos Christidis Palamidis And. S. Londos Kolettis Palamidis Krestenitis Roufos Anast. Londos Glarakis Christidis Krestenitis Notaras Meletopoulos Danopoulos Palamidis Amvrosiadis Palamidis Mavrokordatos D. Voulgaris Provelengios Palamidis Kountouriotis Krestenitis Papalexopoulos Christopoulos Kolokotronis

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Glücksburg) (1863–1924)

Thr. Zaimis And. Ch. Londos Avgerinos Petimezas And. Ch. Londos Petimezas D. Voulgaris Thr. Zaimis Avgerinos Koumoundouros Hatzianargyrou Koumoundouros Lomvardos Thr. Zaimis D. Voulgaris Koumoundouros Thr. Zaimis Deligeorgis Nikolopoulos Provelengios Roufos D. Voulgaris Koumoundouros Messinezis D. Voulgaris Thr. Zaimis Deligeorgis Koumoundouros Thr. Zaimis Nikolopoulos Deligeorgis Drosos Deligeorgis Drosos D. Voulgaris Trikoupis Koumoundouros I. Deligiannis Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Antonopoulos Papamichalopoulos Koumoundouros Thr. Zaimis Koumoundouros Lomvardos Papamichalopoulos Trikoupis Lomvardos Papamichalopoulos Papailiopoulos Lomvardos Trikoupis Dragoumis G. Theotokis Diligiannis Konstantopoulos G. Theotokis D. Rallis Boufidis N. Deligiannis N. Metaxas Kyr. Mavromichalis G. Theotokis Korpas Triantafyllakos G. Theotokis Triantafyllakos Kyr. Mavromichalis Levidis Kyr. Mavromichalis G. Theotokis Diligiannis D. Rallis Kyr. Mavromichalis Kalogeropoulos Levidis N. Stratos Triantafyllakos Dragoumis Petmezas Mavrommatis Repoulis Triantafyllakos Kafantaris Gounaris Roufos National Defence Government

Sofoulis

Tsellos Negris Repoulis Raktivan Tsaldaris Stais Goudas Karpetopoulos N. Stratos Bousios Charalambis Krokidas Pierrakos-Mavromichalis G. Papandreou Sakellaropoulos Sofoulis

Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)

Aravantinos Pierrakos-Mavromichalis Kondylis Maris Panagiotopoulos Pangalos Spyridonos Aravantinos Petimezas Tsaldaris Al. Zaimis Maris Gotsis Zavitsianos Argyropoulos Sideris Karapanagiotis Lidorikis Bakopoulos Tsirimokos I. Metaxas Maris Tsimikalis I. Rallis Moutzouridis Giannopoulos Chloros P. Rallis Tsaldaris P. Rallis

Kingdom of Greece
Greece
(Glücksburg) (1935–1973/4)

Schinas Triantafyllakos Logothetis Skylakakis Dourentis Maniadakis Collaborationist government

Demestichas I. Papadopoulos Tsolakoglou Tsirigotis Tavoularis

PEEA

Siantos

Manouilidis P. Rallis Athanasiadis-Novas Tsatsos P. Voulgaris Gounarakis Psarras Rentis Havinis I. Theotokis Kalkanis Kyrozis Alexandris G. Papandreou P. Mavromichalis Hatzipanos F. Zaimis Lianopoulos Katsotas G. Papandreou Garoufalias Venizelos Modis Giannopoulos Bakopoulos Kiousopoulos Rentis Kiousopoulos Lykourezos Nikolitsas Triantafyllis Lianopoulos Makris Georgakopoulos Makris Lianopoulos G. Rallis Panagiotopoulos St. Mavromichalis Kostopoulos Paraskevopoulos Toumbas Tsirimokos Toumbas F. Zaimis Chr. Stratos Theotokis

Military Junta (1967–1974)

Pattakos Adroutsopoulos Pattakos Agathangelou Tsoumbas

Third Hellenic Republic (since 1974)

G. Rallis Stratos (el) Zepos Stephanopoulos Iordanoglou (el) Mitsopoulos (el) Stratos (el) Daskalakis (el) Gennimatas Koutsogiorgas Markopoulos (el) Koutsogiorgas Markopoulos (el) Koutsogiorgas Papastefanakis (el) Tsochatzopoulos Markopoulos (el) Konstantopoulos Skouris Katrivanos Kouvelas Kleitos Kefalogiannis Georgakis (el) Tsochatzopoulos Skandalidis Tsochatzopoulos Skouris A. Papadopoulos (el) V. Papandreou (el) Koumandos (el) V. Papandreou (el) Skandalidis Alivizatos Pavlopoulos Flogaitis Pavlopoulos Flogaitis Ragousis Kastanidis Giannitsis (el) Manitakis Stylianidis Michelakis (el) Dinopoulos (el) Voutsis Manitakis Kouroumblis

In italics are denoted the Interior Ministers of parallel or non-recognized governments

^ Note: Greece
Greece
officially adopted the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
on 16 February 1923 (which became 1 March). All dates prior to that, unless specifically denoted, ar