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Diversity

108 species

The opossum (/əˈpɒsəm/) is a marsupial of the order Didelphimorphia (/daɪˌdɛlfɪˈmɔːrfiə/) endemic to the Americas. The largest order of marsupials in the Western Hemisphere, it comprises 103 or more species in 19 genera. Opossums originated in South America
South America
and entered North America
North America
in the Great American Interchange following the connection of the two continents. Their unspecialized biology, flexible diet, and reproductive habits make them successful colonizers and survivors in diverse locations and conditions.[3]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Characteristics

2.1 Reproduction and life cycle 2.2 Behavior

3 Habitat 4 Hunting and foodways 5 Classification 6 References 7 External links

Etymology[edit] The word "opossum" is borrowed from the Powhatan language
Powhatan language
and was first recorded between 1607 and 1611 by John Smith (as opassom) and William Strachey
William Strachey
(as aposoum).[4] Both men encountered the language at the British settlement of Jamestown, Virginia, which Smith helped to found and where Strachey later served as its first secretary.[5] Strachey's notes describe the opossum as a "beast in bigness of a pig and in taste alike," while Smith recorded it "hath an head like a swine ... tail like a rat ... of the bigness of a cat."[5] The Powhatan word ultimately derives from a Proto-Algonquian word (*wa·p-aʔθemwa) meaning "white dog or dog-like beast."[5] The opossum is also commonly known as a possum, particularly in the Southern United States
Southern United States
and Midwest. Following the arrival of Europeans in Australia, the term "possum" was borrowed to describe distantly related Australian marsupials of the suborder Phalangeriformes,[6] which are more closely related to other Australian marsupials such as kangaroos. "Didelphimorphia" refers to the fact that, like all marsupials, these animals have two ("di") wombs ("delphus").[7] Characteristics[edit]

Skeleton of the gray short-tailed opossum ( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
domestica)

Didelphimorphs are small to medium-sized marsupials that grow to the size of a house cat. They tend to be semi-arboreal omnivores, although there are many exceptions. Most members of this taxon have long snouts, a narrow braincase, and a prominent sagittal crest. The dental formula is: 5.1.3.44.1.3.4. By mammalian standards, this is an unusually full jaw. The incisors are very small, the canines large, and the molars are tricuspid. Didelphimorphs have a plantigrade stance (feet flat on the ground) and the hind feet have an opposable digit with no claw. Like some New World monkeys, opossums have prehensile tails. Like all marsupials, the fur consists of awn hair only, and the females have a pouch. The tail and parts of the feet bear scutes. The stomach is simple, with a small cecum.[8] Like most marsupials, the male opossum has a forked penis bearing twin glandes.[9][10][8] Although all living opossums are essentially opportunistic omnivores, different species vary in the amount of meat and vegetation they include in their diet. Members of the Caluromyinae are essentially frugivorous; whereas the lutrine opossum and Patagonian opossum primarily feed on other animals.[11] The yapok ( Chironectes
Chironectes
minimus) is particularly unusual, as it is the only living semi-aquatic marsupial, using its webbed hindlimbs to dive in search of freshwater mollusks and crayfish.[12] The extinct Thylophorops, the largest known opossum at 4-7 kilos, was a macropredator.[13][14][15] Most opossums are scansorial, well-adapted to life in the trees or on the ground, but members of the Caluromyinae and Glironiinae are primarily arboreal, whereas species of Metachirus, Monodelphis, and to a lesser degree Didelphis
Didelphis
show adaptations for life on the ground.[16] Reproduction and life cycle[edit] Further information: Marsupial
Marsupial
§ Reproductive system As a marsupial, the female opossum has a reproductive system that includes a bifurcated vagina, a divided uterus and a marsupium, which is her pouch.[17] The average estrous cycle of the opossum is about 28 days.[18] Opossums do possess a placenta,[19] but it is short-lived, simple in structure, and, unlike that of placental mammals, is not fully functional.[20] The young are therefore born at a very early stage, although the gestation period is similar to many other small marsupials, at only 12 to 14 days.[21] Once born, the offspring must find their way into the marsupium to hold on to and nurse from a teat. Baby opossums, like their Australian cousins, are called joeys.[22] Female opossums often give birth to very large numbers of young, most of which fail to attach to a teat, although as many as thirteen young can attach,[23] and therefore survive, depending on species. The young are weaned between 70 and 125 days, when they detach from the teat and leave the pouch. The opossum lifespan is unusually short for a mammal of its size, usually only one to two years in the wild and as long as 4+ years in captivity. Senescence
Senescence
is rapid.[24] The species are moderately sexually dimorphic with males usually being slightly larger, much heavier, and having larger canines than females.[23] The largest difference between the opossum and non-marsupial mammals is the bifurcated penis of the male and bifurcated vagina of the female (the source of the term "didelphimorph," from the Greek "didelphys," meaning double-wombed).[25] Opossum
Opossum
spermatozoa exhibit sperm-pairing, forming conjugate pairs in the epididymis. This may ensure that flagella movement can be accurately coordinated for maximal motility. Conjugate pairs dissociate into separate spermatozoa before fertilization.[26] Behavior[edit]

An opossum "playing dead"

Opossums are usually solitary and nomadic, staying in one area as long as food and water are easily available. Some families will group together in ready-made burrows or even under houses. Though they will temporarily occupy abandoned burrows, they do not dig or put much effort into building their own. As nocturnal animals, they favor dark, secure areas. These areas may be below ground or above.[27][28]

Juvenile opossum hissing defensively.

When threatened or harmed, they will "play possum", mimicking the appearance and smell of a sick or dead animal. This physiological response is involuntary (like fainting), rather than a conscious act. In the case of baby opossums, however, the brain does not always react this way at the appropriate moment, and therefore they often fail to "play dead" when threatened. When an opossum is "playing possum", the animal's lips are drawn back, the teeth are bared, saliva foams around the mouth, the eyes close or half-close, and a foul-smelling fluid is secreted from the anal glands. The stiff, curled form can be prodded, turned over, and even carried away without reaction. The animal will typically regain consciousness after a period of a few minutes to four hours, a process that begins with slight twitching of the ears.[29] Some species of opossums have prehensile tails, although dangling by the tail is more common among juveniles. An opossum may also use its tail as a brace and a fifth limb when climbing. The tail is occasionally used as a grip to carry bunches of leaves or bedding materials to the nest.[30] A mother will sometimes carry her young upon her back, where they will cling tightly even when she is climbing or running. Threatened opossums (especially males) will growl deeply, raising their pitch as the threat becomes more urgent. Males make a clicking "smack" noise out of the side of their mouths as they wander in search of a mate, and females will sometimes repeat the sound in return. When separated or distressed, baby opossums will make a sneezing noise to signal their mother. The mother in return makes the clicking sound and waits for the baby to find her. If threatened, the baby will open its mouth and quietly hiss until the threat is gone. Habitat[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2016)

Opossums are found in North, Central, and South America. The Virginia opossum lives in regions as far north as Canada and as far south as Central America, while other types of opossums only inhabit countries south of the United States.[31] The Virginia opossum
Virginia opossum
can often be found in wooded areas, though its habitat may vary widely.[32] Hunting and foodways[edit] The Virginia opossum
Virginia opossum
was once widely hunted and consumed in the United States.[33][34][35][36] Opossum
Opossum
farms have been operated in the United States in the past.[37][38][39] Sweet potatoes were eaten together with the possum in America's southern area.[40][41] South Carolina cuisine includes opossum,[42] and President Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
hunted opossums[43][44] in addition to other small game.[45][46] Raccoon, opossum, partridges, prairie hen, and frogs were among the fare Mark Twain recorded as part of American cuisine.[47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57]

In Dominica, Grenada, Trinidad, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines the common opossum or manicou is popular and can only be hunted during certain times of the year owing to overhunting.[58] The meat is traditionally prepared by smoking, then stewing. It is light and fine-grained, but the musk glands must be removed as part of preparation. The meat can be used in place of rabbit and chicken in recipes. Historically, hunters in the Caribbean would place a barrel with fresh or rotten fruit to attract opossums that would feed on the fruit or insects. In northern/central Mexico, opossums are known as "tlacuache" or "tlacuatzin". Their tails are eaten as a folk remedy to improve fertility.[59] In the Yucatán peninsula they are known in the Yucatec Mayan language as "och"[60] and they are not considered part of the regular diet by Mayan people, but still considered edible in times of famine. Opossum
Opossum
oil (possum grease) is high in essential fatty acids and has been used as a chest rub and a carrier for arthritis remedies given as topical salves.[61][62][63] Opossum
Opossum
pelts have long been part of the fur trade. Classification[edit]

The range of Didelphis
Didelphis
virginiana across North America
North America
in green

Classification based on Voss and Jansa (2009)[64]

Family Didelphidae

Subfamily Glironiinae

Genus
Genus
Glironia

Bushy-tailed opossum
Bushy-tailed opossum
( Glironia
Glironia
venusta)

Subfamily Caluromyinae

Genus
Genus
Caluromys

Subgenus Caluromys

Bare-tailed woolly opossum
Bare-tailed woolly opossum
( Caluromys
Caluromys
philander)

Subgenus Mallodelphys

Derby's woolly opossum
Derby's woolly opossum
( Caluromys
Caluromys
derbianus) Brown-eared woolly opossum
Brown-eared woolly opossum
( Caluromys
Caluromys
lanatus)

Genus
Genus
Caluromysiops

Black-shouldered opossum
Black-shouldered opossum
( Caluromysiops
Caluromysiops
irrupta)

Subfamily Hyladelphinae

Genus
Genus
Hyladelphys

Kalinowski's mouse opossum
Kalinowski's mouse opossum
( Hyladelphys
Hyladelphys
kalinowskii)

Subfamily Didelphinae

Tribe Didelphini

Genus
Genus
Metachirus

Brown four-eyed opossum
Brown four-eyed opossum
( Metachirus
Metachirus
nudicaudatus)

Genus
Genus
Chironectes

Yapok
Yapok
or water opossum ( Chironectes
Chironectes
minimus)

Unnamed subgroup

Genus
Genus
Lutreolina

Lutreolina
Lutreolina
biforata[65] Lutrine or thick-tailed opossum ( Lutreolina
Lutreolina
crassicaudata) † Lutreolina
Lutreolina
materdei[66] Lutreolina
Lutreolina
massoia[67]

Genus
Genus
Hyperdidelphys

†Hyperdidelphys dimartinoi[65] †Hyperdidelphys inexpectata[65] †Hyperdidelphys parvula[65] †Hyperdidelphys pattersoni[65]

Unnamed subgroup

Genus
Genus
Didelphis

White-eared opossum
White-eared opossum
( Didelphis
Didelphis
albiventris) Big-eared opossum
Big-eared opossum
( Didelphis
Didelphis
aurita) Guianan white-eared opossum
Guianan white-eared opossum
( Didelphis
Didelphis
imperfecta) Common opossum
Common opossum
( Didelphis
Didelphis
marsupialis) Andean white-eared opossum
Andean white-eared opossum
( Didelphis
Didelphis
pernigra) † Didelphis
Didelphis
solimoensis[68] Virginia opossum
Virginia opossum
( Didelphis
Didelphis
virginiana)

Genus
Genus
Philander

A gray and black four-eyed opossum

Anderson's four-eyed opossum
Anderson's four-eyed opossum
(Philander andersoni) Deltaic four-eyed opossum
Deltaic four-eyed opossum
(Philander deltae) Southeastern four-eyed opossum
Southeastern four-eyed opossum
(Philander frenatus) McIlhenny's four-eyed opossum
McIlhenny's four-eyed opossum
(Philander mcilhennyi) Mondolfi's four-eyed opossum
Mondolfi's four-eyed opossum
(Philander mondolfii) Olrog's four-eyed opossum
Olrog's four-eyed opossum
(Philander olrogi) Gray four-eyed opossum
Gray four-eyed opossum
(Philander opossum)

Genus
Genus
Thylophorops

Thylophorops chapadmalensis[65] † Thylophorops lorenzinii[13] † Thylophorops perplana[65]

Tribe Marmosini

Genus
Genus
Marmosa

Subgenus Marmosa

Heavy-browed mouse opossum
Heavy-browed mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
andersoni) Isthmian mouse opossum ( Marmosa
Marmosa
isthmica) Rufous mouse opossum
Rufous mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
lepida) Mexican mouse opossum
Mexican mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
mexicana) Linnaeus's mouse opossum
Linnaeus's mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
murina) Quechuan mouse opossum
Quechuan mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
quichua) Robinson's mouse opossum
Robinson's mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
robinsoni) Red mouse opossum
Red mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
rubra) Marmosa
Marmosa
simonsi Tyleria mouse opossum
Tyleria mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
tyleriana) Marmosa
Marmosa
waterhousei Guajira mouse opossum
Guajira mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
xerophila) Marmosa
Marmosa
zeledoni

Subgenus Micoureus

Alston's mouse opossum
Alston's mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
alstoni) White-bellied woolly mouse opossum
White-bellied woolly mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
constantiae) Woolly mouse opossum
Woolly mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
demerarae) † Marmosa
Marmosa
laventica[69] Tate's woolly mouse opossum
Tate's woolly mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
paraguayanus) Little woolly mouse opossum
Little woolly mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
phaeus) Bare-tailed woolly mouse opossum
Bare-tailed woolly mouse opossum
( Marmosa
Marmosa
regina)

Genus
Genus
Monodelphis
Monodelphis
(es: Monodelphis
Monodelphis
translation of Spanish article)

Monodelphis
Monodelphis
domestica

Sepia short-tailed opossum
Sepia short-tailed opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
adusta) Northern three-striped opossum
Northern three-striped opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
americana) Monodelphis
Monodelphis
arlindoi[70] Northern red-sided opossum
Northern red-sided opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
brevicaudata) Yellow-sided opossum
Yellow-sided opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
dimidiata) Gray short-tailed opossum
Gray short-tailed opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
domestica) Emilia's short-tailed opossum
Emilia's short-tailed opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
emiliae) Amazonian red-sided opossum
Amazonian red-sided opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
glirina) Handley's short-tailed opossum ( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
handleyi)[71] Ihering's three-striped opossum
Ihering's three-striped opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
iheringi) Pygmy short-tailed opossum
Pygmy short-tailed opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
kunsi) Marajó short-tailed opossum
Marajó short-tailed opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
maraxina) Osgood's short-tailed opossum
Osgood's short-tailed opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
osgoodi) Hooded red-sided opossum
Hooded red-sided opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
palliolata) Monodelphis
Monodelphis
pinocchio Reig's opossum
Reig's opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
reigi) Ronald's opossum
Ronald's opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
ronaldi) Chestnut-striped opossum
Chestnut-striped opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
rubida) Monodelphis
Monodelphis
saci Monodelphis
Monodelphis
sanctaerosae[72] Long-nosed short-tailed opossum
Long-nosed short-tailed opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
scalops) Southern red-sided opossum
Southern red-sided opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
sorex) Southern three-striped opossum
Southern three-striped opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
theresa) Monodelphis
Monodelphis
touan[70] Red three-striped opossum
Red three-striped opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
umbristriata) One-striped opossum
One-striped opossum
( Monodelphis
Monodelphis
unistriata)

Genus
Genus
Tlacuatzin
Tlacuatzin
(es: Tlacuatzin
Tlacuatzin
translation of Spanish article)

Grayish mouse opossum
Grayish mouse opossum
( Tlacuatzin
Tlacuatzin
canescens)

Tribe Thylamyini

Genus
Genus
Chacodelphys

Chacoan pygmy opossum
Chacoan pygmy opossum
( Chacodelphys
Chacodelphys
formosa)

Genus
Genus
Cryptonanus

Agricola's gracile opossum
Agricola's gracile opossum
( Cryptonanus
Cryptonanus
agricolai) Chacoan gracile opossum
Chacoan gracile opossum
( Cryptonanus
Cryptonanus
chacoensis) Guahiba gracile opossum
Guahiba gracile opossum
( Cryptonanus
Cryptonanus
guahybae) Red-bellied gracile opossum
Red-bellied gracile opossum
( Cryptonanus
Cryptonanus
ignitus) † 1962 Unduavi gracile opossum
Unduavi gracile opossum
( Cryptonanus
Cryptonanus
unduaviensis)

Genus
Genus
Gracilinanus

Aceramarca gracile opossum
Aceramarca gracile opossum
( Gracilinanus
Gracilinanus
aceramarcae) Agile gracile opossum
Agile gracile opossum
( Gracilinanus
Gracilinanus
agilis) Wood sprite gracile opossum
Wood sprite gracile opossum
( Gracilinanus
Gracilinanus
dryas) Emilia's gracile opossum
Emilia's gracile opossum
( Gracilinanus
Gracilinanus
emilae) Northern gracile opossum
Northern gracile opossum
( Gracilinanus
Gracilinanus
marica) Brazilian gracile opossum
Brazilian gracile opossum
( Gracilinanus
Gracilinanus
microtarsus)

Genus
Genus
Lestodelphys

Patagonian opossum
Patagonian opossum
( Lestodelphys
Lestodelphys
halli)

Genus
Genus
Marmosops

Bishop's slender opossum
Bishop's slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
bishopi) Narrow-headed slender opossum
Narrow-headed slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
cracens) Creighton's slender opossum
Creighton's slender opossum
Marmosops
Marmosops
creightoni Dorothy's slender opossum
Dorothy's slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
dorothea) Dusky slender opossum
Dusky slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
fuscatus) Handley's slender opossum
Handley's slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
handleyi) Tschudi's slender opossum
Tschudi's slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
impavidus) Gray slender opossum
Gray slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
incanus) Panama slender opossum
Panama slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
invictus) Junin slender opossum
Junin slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
juninensis) Neblina slender opossum
Neblina slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
neblina) White-bellied slender opossum
White-bellied slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
noctivagus) Delicate slender opossum
Delicate slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
parvidens) Brazilian slender opossum
Brazilian slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
paulensis) Pinheiro's slender opossum
Pinheiro's slender opossum
( Marmosops
Marmosops
pinheiroi)

Genus
Genus
Thylamys

Thylamys
Thylamys
colombianus[69] Cinderella fat-tailed mouse opossum
Cinderella fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
cinderella) Thylamys
Thylamys
citellus[73] Elegant fat-tailed mouse opossum
Elegant fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
elegans) Thylamys
Thylamys
fenestrae[74] Karimi's fat-tailed mouse opossum
Karimi's fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
karimii) Paraguayan fat-tailed mouse opossum
Paraguayan fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
macrurus) † Thylamys
Thylamys
minutus[69] White-bellied fat-tailed mouse opossum
White-bellied fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
pallidior) Thylamys
Thylamys
pulchellus[75] † Thylamys
Thylamys
pinei[76] Common fat-tailed mouse opossum
Common fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
pusillus) Argentine fat-tailed mouse opossum
Argentine fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
sponsorius) Tate's fat-tailed mouse opossum
Tate's fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
tatei) Dwarf fat-tailed mouse opossum
Dwarf fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
velutinus) Buff-bellied fat-tailed mouse opossum
Buff-bellied fat-tailed mouse opossum
( Thylamys
Thylamys
venustus) † Thylamys
Thylamys
zettii[77]

Genus
Genus
Zygolestes

†Zygolestes tatei

References[edit]

^ Gardner, A. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal
Mammal
Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 3–18. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.  ^ Francisco Goin; Alejandra Abello; Eduardo Bellosi; Richard Kay; Richard Madden; Alfredo Carlini (2007). "Los Metatheria
Metatheria
sudamericanos de comienzos del Neógeno (Mioceno Temprano, Edad-mamífero Colhuehuapense). Parte I: Introducción, Didelphimorphia y Sparassodonta". Ameghiniana. 44 (1): 29–71.  ^ Ibrahim, Prof Amal Attia El-Morsy (2017-01-01). Pictured Glossary in Biology. Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA. ISBN 9781618963680.  ^ Mithun, Marianne (2001). The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge University Press. p. 332. ISBN 0-521-29875-X.  ^ a b c Siebert, Jr., Frank T. (1975). "Resurrecting Virginia Algonquian from the Dead: The Reconstituted and Historical Phonology of Powhatan". In Crawford, James Mack. Studies in Southeastern Indian Languages. University of Georgia Press.  ^ "possum". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014.  ^ "Didelphimorphia". Wordnik. Retrieved 21 February 2017.  ^ a b Krause, William J.; Krause, Winifred A. (2006).The Opossum: Its Amazing Story Archived 2012-12-11 at the Wayback Machine.. Department of Pathology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri. p. 39 ^ Martinelli, P. M., and J. C. Nogueira. "Penis morphology as a distinctive character of the murine opossum group (Marsupialia Didelphidae): a preliminary report." Mammalia
Mammalia
61.2 (1997): 161-166. ^ Barros, Michelle Andrade, et al. " Marsupial
Marsupial
morphology of reproduction: South America
South America
opossum male model." Microscopy research and technique 76.4 (2013): 388-397. ^ Vieira, Emerson R.; De Moraes, D. Astua (2003). "Carnivory and insectivory in Neotropical marsupials". Predators with Pouches: the biology of carnivorous marsupials. Csiro Publishing. pp. 267–280. ISBN 0-643-06634-9.  ^ Marshall, Larry G. (1978). " Chironectes
Chironectes
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External links[edit]

Look up opossum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Data related to Didelphidae at Wikispecies Media related to Opossums in art at Wikimedia Commons Possums or Opossums? — on Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. View the monDom5 genome assembly in the UCSC Genome Browser.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Didelphidae.

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Extant Didelphimorphia (Opossums) species

Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Infraclass Marsupialia

Subfamily Caluromyinae

Caluromys (Woolly opossums)

Subgenus Caluromys Bare-tailed woolly opossum
Bare-tailed woolly opossum
(C. philander)

Subgenus Mallodelphys Derby's woolly opossum
Derby's woolly opossum
(C. derbianus) Brown-eared woolly opossum
Brown-eared woolly opossum
(C. lanatus)

Caluromysiops

Black-shouldered opossum
Black-shouldered opossum
(C. irrupta)

Glironia

Bushy-tailed opossum
Bushy-tailed opossum
(G. venusta)

Subfamily Didelphinae
Didelphinae
(cont. below)

Chacodelphys

Chacoan pygmy opossum
Chacoan pygmy opossum
(C. chacoensis)

Chironectes

Water opossum
Water opossum
(C. minimus)

Cryptonanus

Agricola's gracile opossum
Agricola's gracile opossum
(C. agricolai) Chacoan gracile opossum
Chacoan gracile opossum
(C. chacoensis) Guahiba gracile opossum
Guahiba gracile opossum
(C. guahybae) Unduavi gracile opossum
Unduavi gracile opossum
(C. unduaviensis)

Didelphis (Large American opossums)

White-eared opossum
White-eared opossum
(D. albiventris) Big-eared opossum
Big-eared opossum
(D. aurita) Guianan white-eared opossum
Guianan white-eared opossum
(D. imperfecta) Common opossum
Common opossum
(D. marsupialis) Andean white-eared opossum
Andean white-eared opossum
(D. pernigra) Virginia opossum
Virginia opossum
(D. virginiana)

Gracilinanus

Aceramarca gracile opossum
Aceramarca gracile opossum
(G. aceramarcae) Agile gracile opossum
Agile gracile opossum
(G. agilis) Wood sprite gracile opossum
Wood sprite gracile opossum
(G. dryas) Emilia's gracile opossum
Emilia's gracile opossum
(G. emilae) Northern gracile opossum
Northern gracile opossum
(G. marica) Brazilian gracile opossum
Brazilian gracile opossum
(G. microtarsus)

Hyladelphys

Kalinowski's mouse opossum
Kalinowski's mouse opossum
(H. kalinowskii)

Lestodelphys

Patagonian opossum
Patagonian opossum
(L. halli)

Lutreolina

Lutrine opossum
Lutrine opossum
(L. crassicaudata)

Marmosa (Mouse opossums)

Alston's mouse opossum
Alston's mouse opossum
(M. alstoni) Heavy-browed mouse opossum
Heavy-browed mouse opossum
(M. andersoni) White-bellied woolly mouse opossum
White-bellied woolly mouse opossum
(M. constantiae) Woolly mouse opossum
Woolly mouse opossum
(M. demerarae) Isthmian mouse opossum (M. isthmica) Rufous mouse opossum
Rufous mouse opossum
(M. lepida) Mexican mouse opossum
Mexican mouse opossum
(M. mexicana) Linnaeus's mouse opossum
Linnaeus's mouse opossum
(M. murina) Tate's woolly mouse opossum
Tate's woolly mouse opossum
(M. paraguayanus) Little woolly mouse opossum
Little woolly mouse opossum
(M. phaeus) Quechuan mouse opossum
Quechuan mouse opossum
(M. quichua) Bare-tailed woolly mouse opossum
Bare-tailed woolly mouse opossum
(M. regina) Robinson's mouse opossum
Robinson's mouse opossum
(M. robinsoni) Red mouse opossum
Red mouse opossum
(M. rubra) Tyler's mouse opossum
Tyler's mouse opossum
(M. tyleriana) Guajira mouse opossum
Guajira mouse opossum
(M. xerophila)

Marmosops

Bishop's slender opossum
Bishop's slender opossum
(M. bishopi) Narrow-headed slender opossum
Narrow-headed slender opossum
(M. cracens) Creighton's slender opossum
Creighton's slender opossum
(M. creightoni) Dorothy's slender opossum
Dorothy's slender opossum
(M. dorothea) Dusky slender opossum
Dusky slender opossum
(M. fuscatus) Handley's slender opossum
Handley's slender opossum
(M. handleyi) Tschudi's slender opossum
Tschudi's slender opossum
(M. impavidus) Gray slender opossum
Gray slender opossum
(M. incanus) Panama slender opossum
Panama slender opossum
(M. invictus) Junin slender opossum
Junin slender opossum
(M. juninensis) Neblina slender opossum
Neblina slender opossum
(M. neblina) White-bellied slender opossum
White-bellied slender opossum
(M. noctivagus) Delicate slender opossum
Delicate slender opossum
(M. parvidens) Brazilian slender opossum
Brazilian slender opossum
(M. paulensis) Pinheiro's slender opossum
Pinheiro's slender opossum
(M. pinheiroi)

Subfamily Didelphinae
Didelphinae
(cont. above)

Metachirus

Brown four-eyed opossum
Brown four-eyed opossum
(M. nudicaudatus)

Monodelphis (Short-tailed opossums)

Sepia short-tailed opossum
Sepia short-tailed opossum
(M. adusta) Northern three-striped opossum
Northern three-striped opossum
(M. americana) Northern red-sided opossum
Northern red-sided opossum
(M. brevicaudata) Yellow-sided opossum
Yellow-sided opossum
(M. dimidiata) Gray short-tailed opossum
Gray short-tailed opossum
(M. domestica) Emilia's short-tailed opossum
Emilia's short-tailed opossum
(M. emiliae) Amazonian red-sided opossum
Amazonian red-sided opossum
(M. glirina) Ihering's three-striped opossum
Ihering's three-striped opossum
(M. iheringi) Pygmy short-tailed opossum
Pygmy short-tailed opossum
(M. kunsi) Marajó short-tailed opossum
Marajó short-tailed opossum
(M. maraxina) Osgood's short-tailed opossum
Osgood's short-tailed opossum
(M. osgoodi) Hooded red-sided opossum
Hooded red-sided opossum
(M. palliolata) Reig's opossum
Reig's opossum
(M. reigi) Ronald's opossum
Ronald's opossum
(M. ronaldi) Chestnut-striped opossum
Chestnut-striped opossum
(M. rubida) Long-nosed short-tailed opossum
Long-nosed short-tailed opossum
(M. scalops) Southern red-sided opossum
Southern red-sided opossum
(M. sorex) Southern three-striped opossum
Southern three-striped opossum
(M. theresa) Red three-striped opossum
Red three-striped opossum
(M. umbristriata) One-striped opossum
One-striped opossum
(M. unistriata)

Philander (Gray & black four- eyed opossums)

Anderson's four-eyed opossum
Anderson's four-eyed opossum
(P. andersoni) Deltaic four-eyed opossum
Deltaic four-eyed opossum
(P. deltae) Southeastern four-eyed opossum
Southeastern four-eyed opossum
(P. frenatus) McIlhenny's four-eyed opossum
McIlhenny's four-eyed opossum
(P. mcilhennyi) Mondolfi's four-eyed opossum
Mondolfi's four-eyed opossum
(P. mondolfii) Olrog's four-eyed opossum
Olrog's four-eyed opossum
(P. olrogi) Gray four-eyed opossum
Gray four-eyed opossum
(P. opossum)

Thylamys

Cinderella fat-tailed mouse opossum
Cinderella fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. cinderella) Elegant fat-tailed mouse opossum
Elegant fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. elegans) Karimi's fat-tailed mouse opossum
Karimi's fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. karimii) Paraguayan fat-tailed mouse opossum
Paraguayan fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. macrurus) White-bellied fat-tailed mouse opossum
White-bellied fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. pallidior) Common fat-tailed mouse opossum
Common fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. pusillus) Argentine fat-tailed mouse opossum
Argentine fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. sponsorius) Tate's fat-tailed mouse opossum
Tate's fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. tatei) Dwarf fat-tailed mouse opossum
Dwarf fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. velutinus) Buff-bellied fat-tailed mouse opossum
Buff-bellied fat-tailed mouse opossum
(T. venustus)

Tlacuatzin

Gray mouse opossum
Gray mouse opossum
(T. canescens)

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Extant mammal orders

Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata (unranked) Amniota

Yinotheria

Australosphenida

Monotremata (Platypus and echidnas)

Theria

Metatheria ( Marsupial
Marsupial
inclusive)

Ameridelphia

Paucituberculata (Shrew opossums) Didelphimorphia (Opossums)

Australidelphia

Microbiotheria
Microbiotheria
(Monito del monte) Notoryctemorphia ( Marsupial
Marsupial
moles) Dasyuromorphia
Dasyuromorphia
(Quolls and dunnarts) Peramelemorphia
Peramelemorphia
(Bilbies and bandicoots) Diprotodontia
Diprotodontia
(Kangaroos and relatives)

Eutheria ( Placental
Placental
inclusive)

Atlantogenata

Xenarthra

Cingulata (Armadillos) Pilosa
Pilosa
(Anteaters and sloths)

Afrotheria

Afrosoricida
Afrosoricida
(Tenrecs and golden moles) Macroscelidea (Elephant shrews) Tubulidentata (Aardvark) Hyracoidea (Hyraxes) Proboscidea
Proboscidea
(Elephants) Sirenia
Sirenia
(Dugongs and manatees)

Boreoeutheria

Laurasiatheria

Eulipotyphla
Eulipotyphla
(Hedgehogs, shrews, moles and relatives) Chiroptera (Bats) Pholidota (Pangolins) Carnivora
Carnivora
(Dogs, cats and relatives) Perissodactyla (Odd-toed ungulates) Artiodactyla (Even-toed ungulates and cetaceans)

Euarchontoglires

Rodentia (Rodents) Lagomorpha
Lagomorpha
(Rabbits and pikas) Scandentia (Treeshrews) Dermoptera (Colugos) Primates

v t e

Game animals and shooting in the United States

Game birds

Bobwhite quail Chukar Hungarian partridge Prairie chicken Mourning dove Ring-necked pheasant Ptarmigan Ruffed grouse Sharp-tailed grouse Snipe (common snipe) Spruce grouse Turkey Woodcock

Waterfowl

Black duck Canada goose Canvasback Gadwall Greater scaup Lesser scaup Mallard Northern pintail Redhead Ross's goose Snow goose Wood duck

Big game

Bighorn sheep Black bear Razorback Brown bear Bison (buffalo) Caribou Cougar
Cougar
(mountain lion) Elk Moose White-tailed deer Gray wolf Mountain goat Mule deer Pronghorn Muskox Dall sheep Polar bear

Other quarry

American alligator Bobcat Coyote Fox squirrel Gray fox Gray squirrel Opossum Rabbit Red fox Snowshoe hare

See also

Bear hunting Big game hunting Bison hunting Deer hunting Waterfowl hunting Whaling Fishing Wolf hunting Upland hunting

Taxon
Taxon
identifiers

Wd: Q21834 ADW: Didelphidae EoL: 7622 EPPO: 1DIDEF Fossilworks: 39945 GBIF: 5455 ITIS: 179919 MSW: 10400002 NCBI: 9265

Authority control

N