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†Thylacinidae Dasyuridae Myrmecobiidae †Malleodectidae

The order Dasyuromorphia
Dasyuromorphia
(meaning "hairy tail"[1]) comprises most of the Australian carnivorous marsupials, including quolls, dunnarts, the numbat, the Tasmanian devil, and the thylacine. In Australia, the exceptions include the omnivorous bandicoots (order Peramelemorphia) and the marsupial moles (which eat meat but are very different and are now accorded an order of their own, Notoryctemorphia). Numerous South American species of marsupials (orders Didelphimorphia, Paucituberculata, and Microbiotheria) are also carnivorous. There are four families: one with just a single living species (the numbat), two with only extinct species (including the thylacine and Malleodectes), and one, the Dasyuridae, with about 70 living members.

Contents

1 Characteristics 2 Classification 3 References 4 External links

Characteristics[edit] Unlike herbivores, which tend to become highly specialized for particular ecological niches and diversify greatly in form, carnivores tend to be broadly similar to one another, certainly on the level of gross external form. Just as Northern Hemisphere carnivores like cats, foxes and weasels are much more alike in structure than, for example, camels, goats, pigs and giraffes, so too are the marsupial predators constrained to retain general-purpose, look-alike forms—forms which mirror those of placental carnivores. The names given to them by early European settlers reflect this: the thylacine was called the Tasmanian tiger, quolls were called native cats, and so on. The primary specialisation among marsupial predators is that of size: prior to the massive environmental changes that came about with the arrival of humans about 50,000 years ago, there were several very large carnivores, none of them members of the Dasyuromorphia
Dasyuromorphia
and all of them now extinct. Those that survived into historical times ranged from the wolf-sized thylacine to the tiny long-tailed planigale which at 4 to 6 grams is less than half the size of a mouse. Most, however, tend towards the lower end of the size scale, typically between about 15 or 20 grams and about 2 kilograms, or from the size of a domestic mouse to that of a small domestic cat. Classification[edit] To provide context, the table below also shows the other major branches of the Australasian marsupial tree.

Order Microbiotheria: (1 species, the monito del monte of South America) Order Dasyuromorphia

Family †Thylacinidae

Thylacine
Thylacine
(Thylacinus cynocephalus)

Family Dasyuridae
Dasyuridae
(72 species in 20 genera)

Subfamily Dasyurinae: quolls, kowari, mulgara, little red kaluta, dibblers, phascogales, antechinuses, pseudantechinuses, and the Tasmanian devil Subfamily Sminthopsinae: dunnarts, the kultarr, planigales and ningaui

Family Myrmecobiidae

Numbat
Numbat
(Myrmecobius fasciatus)

Family †Malleodectidae[2]

Genus †Malleodectes

Order Peramelemorphia
Peramelemorphia
(21 species: rainforest bandicoots, bandicoots, and bilbies) Order Notoryctemorphia
Notoryctemorphia
(2 species of marsupial mole) Order Diprotodontia
Diprotodontia
(about 137 species in 11 families, including the koala, wombats, possums, potoroos, kangaroos, wallabies and others.)

References[edit]

^ Mammalian Lexicon ^ Archer, M.; Hand, S. J.; Black, K. H.; Beck, R. M. D.; Arena, D. A.; Wilson, L. A. B.; Kealy, S.; Hung, T.-t. (2016-05-27). "A new family of bizarre durophagous carnivorous marsupials from Miocene deposits in the Riversleigh World Heritage Area, northwestern Queensland". Scientific Reports. 6. doi:10.1038/srep26911. ISSN 2045-2322. 

Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal
Mammal
Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 23–37. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. 

External links[edit]

Dasyuromorphia
Dasyuromorphia
on Animal
Animal
Diversity Web

v t e

Extant mammal orders

Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata (unranked) Amniota

Yinotheria

Australosphenida

Monotremata (Platypus and echidnas)

Theria

Metatheria ( Marsupial
Marsupial
inclusive)

Ameridelphia

Paucituberculata (Shrew opossums) Didelphimorphia
Didelphimorphia
(Opossums)

Australidelphia

Microbiotheria
Microbiotheria
(Monito del monte) Notoryctemorphia
Notoryctemorphia
( Marsupial
Marsupial
moles) Dasyuromorphia
Dasyuromorphia
(Quolls and dunnarts) Peramelemorphia
Peramelemorphia
( Bilbies
Bilbies
and bandicoots) Diprotodontia
Diprotodontia
(Kangaroos and relatives)

Eutheria ( Placental
Placental
inclusive)

Atlantogenata

Xenarthra

Cingulata (Armadillos) Pilosa
Pilosa
(Anteaters and sloths)

Afrotheria

Afrosoricida
Afrosoricida
(Tenrecs and golden moles) Macroscelidea (Elephant shrews) Tubulidentata (Aardvark) Hyracoidea (Hyraxes) Proboscidea
Proboscidea
(Elephants) Sirenia
Sirenia
(Dugongs and manatees)

Boreoeutheria

Laurasiatheria

Eulipotyphla
Eulipotyphla
(Hedgehogs, shrews, moles and relatives) Chiroptera (Bats) Pholidota (Pangolins) Carnivora
Carnivora
(Dogs, cats and relatives) Perissodactyla (Odd-toed ungulates) Artiodactyla (Even-toed ungulates and cetaceans)

Euarchontoglires

Rodentia (Rodents) Lagomorpha
Lagomorpha
(Rabbits and pikas) Scandentia (Treeshrews) Dermoptera (Colugos) Primates

v t e

Extant Dasyuromorphia
Dasyuromorphia
species

Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Infraclass Marsupialia

Family Dasyuridae, subfamily Dasyurinae

Dasyurini

Dasycercus (Mulgaras)

Brush-tailed mulgara
Brush-tailed mulgara
(D. blythi) Crest-tailed mulgara
Crest-tailed mulgara
(D. cristicauda)

Dasykaluta

Little red kaluta
Little red kaluta
(D. rosamondae)

Dasyuroides

Kowari
Kowari
(D. byrnei)

Dasyurus (Quolls)

New Guinean quoll
New Guinean quoll
(D. albopunctatus) Western quoll
Western quoll
(D. geoffroii) Northern quoll
Northern quoll
(D. hallucatus) Tiger quoll
Tiger quoll
(D. maculatus) Bronze quoll
Bronze quoll
(D. spartacus) Eastern quoll
Eastern quoll
(D. viverrinus)

Myoictis

Woolley's three-striped dasyure
Woolley's three-striped dasyure
(M. leucura) Three-striped dasyure
Three-striped dasyure
(M. melas) Wallace's dasyure
Wallace's dasyure
(M. wallacii) Tate's three-striped dasyure
Tate's three-striped dasyure
(M. wavicus)

Neophascogale

Speckled dasyure
Speckled dasyure
(N. lorentzi)

Parantechinus

Dibbler
Dibbler
(P. apicalis)

Phascolosorex ( Marsupial
Marsupial
shrews)

Red-bellied marsupial shrew
Red-bellied marsupial shrew
(P. doriae) Narrow-striped marsupial shrew
Narrow-striped marsupial shrew
(P. dorsalis)

Pseudantechinus (False antechinuses)

Sandstone dibbler
Sandstone dibbler
(P. bilarni) Fat-tailed false antechinus
Fat-tailed false antechinus
(P. macdonnellensis) Alexandria false antechinus
Alexandria false antechinus
(P. mimulus) Ningbing false antechinus
Ningbing false antechinus
(P. ningbing) Rory Cooper's false antechinus
Rory Cooper's false antechinus
(P. roryi) Woolley's false antechinus
Woolley's false antechinus
(P. woolleyae)

Sarcophilus

Tasmanian devil
Tasmanian devil
(S. harrisii)

Phascogalini

Antechinus

Tropical antechinus
Tropical antechinus
(A. adustus) Agile antechinus
Agile antechinus
(A. agilis) Fawn antechinus
Fawn antechinus
(A. bellus) Yellow-footed antechinus
Yellow-footed antechinus
(A. flavipes) Atherton antechinus
Atherton antechinus
(A. godmani) Cinnamon antechinus
Cinnamon antechinus
(A. leo) Swamp antechinus
Swamp antechinus
(A. minimus) Brown antechinus
Brown antechinus
(A. stuartii) Subtropical antechinus
Subtropical antechinus
(A. subtropicus) Dusky antechinus
Dusky antechinus
(A. swainsonii)

Micromurexia

Habbema dasyure
Habbema dasyure
(A. habbema)

Murexechinus

Black-tailed dasyure
Black-tailed dasyure
(M. melanurus)

Murexia

Short-furred dasyure
Short-furred dasyure
(M. longicaudata)

Paramurexia

Broad-striped dasyure
Broad-striped dasyure
(P. rothschildi)

Phascomurexia

Long-nosed dasyure
Long-nosed dasyure
(P. naso)

Phascogale

Red-tailed phascogale
Red-tailed phascogale
(P. calura) Brush-tailed phascogale
Brush-tailed phascogale
(P. tapoatafa)

Family Dasyuridae, subfamily Sminthopsinae

Sminthopsini

Antechinomys

Kultarr
Kultarr
(A. laniger)

Ningaui

Wongai ningaui
Wongai ningaui
(N. ridei) Pilbara ningaui
Pilbara ningaui
(N. timealeyi) Southern ningaui
Southern ningaui
(N. yvonnae)

Sminthopsis (Dunnarts)

S. crassicaudata species-group: Fat-tailed dunnart
Fat-tailed dunnart
(S. crassicaudata)

S. macroura species-group: Kakadu dunnart
Kakadu dunnart
(S. bindi) Carpentarian dunnart
Carpentarian dunnart
(S. butleri) Julia Creek dunnart
Julia Creek dunnart
(S. douglasi) Stripe-faced dunnart
Stripe-faced dunnart
(S. macroura) Red-cheeked dunnart
Red-cheeked dunnart
(S. virginiae)

S. granulipes species-group: White-tailed dunnart
White-tailed dunnart
(S. granulipes)

S. griseoventer species-group: Kangaroo
Kangaroo
Island dunnart (S. aitkeni) Boullanger Island dunnart (S. boullangerensis) Grey-bellied dunnart
Grey-bellied dunnart
(S. griseoventer)

S. longicaudata species-group: Long-tailed dunnart
Long-tailed dunnart
(S. longicaudata)

S. murina species-group: Chestnut dunnart
Chestnut dunnart
(S. archeri) Little long-tailed dunnart
Little long-tailed dunnart
(S. dolichura) Sooty dunnart
Sooty dunnart
(S. fulginosus) Gilbert's dunnart
Gilbert's dunnart
(S. gilberti) White-footed dunnart
White-footed dunnart
(S. leucopus) Slender-tailed dunnart
Slender-tailed dunnart
(S. murina)

S. psammophila species-group: Hairy-footed dunnart
Hairy-footed dunnart
(S. hirtipes) Ooldea dunnart
Ooldea dunnart
(S. ooldea) Sandhill dunnart
Sandhill dunnart
(S. psammophila) Lesser hairy-footed dunnart
Lesser hairy-footed dunnart
(S. youngsoni)

Planigalini

Planigale

Paucident planigale
Paucident planigale
(P. gilesi) Long-tailed planigale
Long-tailed planigale
(P. ingrami) Common planigale
Common planigale
(P. maculata) New Guinean planigale
New Guinean planigale
(P. novaeguineae) Narrow-nosed planigale
Narrow-nosed planigale
(P. tenuirostris)

Family Myrmecobiidae

Myrmecobius

Numbat
Numbat
(M. fasciatus)

Mammals portal

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q213333 ADW: Dasyuromorphia EoL: 7625 EPPO: 1DASYO Fossilworks: 66283 GBIF: 736 ITIS: 552294 MSW: 10800001