The Daen Lao Range
Daen Lao Range
(Thai: ทิวเขาแดนลาว,[1] pronounced [tʰīw kʰǎw dɛ̄ːn lāːw]; Burmese: Loi La) is a mountain range of the Shan Hills
Shan Hills
in eastern Burma
and northern Thailand. Most of the range is in Shan State, with its northern limit close to the border with China, and runs southwards across the Thai border, at the northern end of Thailand. Geologically in the Daen Lao Range, as in the other southern subranges of the Shan Hills, layers of alluvium are superimposed on hard rock.[2]


1 Geography 2 History 3 Protected areas

3.1 Burma 3.2 Thailand

4 Features 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Geography[edit] The range extends east of the Salween
until almost reaching the Golden Triangle area, separating the Salween
watershed from the Mekong watershed. At its southern end the Thanon Thong Chai Range (เทือกเขาถนนธงชัย) subrange stretches further southwards into Thailand
between the Sai River in the east and the Pai River
Pai River
in the west; the latter separating the Daen Lao from the Thanon Thong Chai Range.[3] Some geographers include the Thanon Thong Chai Range subrange as part of the Daen Lao Range.[4] The Khun Tan Range also extends southwards from the Daen Lao Range, parallel to the Thanon Thong Chai mountains, but it differs geologically and structurally from the latter. The name "Lao" in the range name is a Thai Yuan
Thai Yuan
word possibly not related to the country of Laos. The western end of the range is not clearly defined. Elevations range between 400–2,500 m.[5] The highest point is 2,563 m Loi Pangnao
Loi Pangnao
in Burma, with a prominence of 1,596 m, one of the ultra prominent peaks of Southeast Asia.[6] On the Thai side the highest point is 2,285 m Doi Pha Hom Pok. Doi Chiang Dao (2,175 m), Doi Puk Phakka (1,794 m), Doi Nang Non, a karstic formation in Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province, Doi Tung, Doi Ang Khang[7] and Doi Wao, where Wat Doi Wao is located, as well as the mountains surrounding the village of Santikhiri
(Doi Mae Salong) are also part of this range.[8] History[edit] Historically the area has been sparsely populated. Only some hill tribes such as the Wa, Akha, Yao, Lahu, and the Lisu people
Lisu people
lived in scattered small villages across the range.[9] In 1605 King Naresuan
of Ayutthaya marched his armies across the Daen Lao Range to rescue the Shan King of Hsenwi, but he died during his journey across the mountains.[10] Many Shan people
Shan people
believe King Naresuan
was cremated in the Daen Lao Range, in the southern part of Shan State, and his ashes interred in a stupa in Mongton.[11] Until the 1990s one of the main crops at elevations above 1,000 m was opium. On the side of the range controlled by the Thai government, construction of roads reaching remote areas and increasingly efficient policing ensured a measure of success of the opium replacement programs in recent years.[12] Owing to the unrest in Burma, the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) and other groups sought refuge and a base for their insurgency in these mountains. Fighting and the ensuing persecution by the Tatmadaw[13] have caused part of the original population to flee. Some refugee camps have been established for cross-border refugees on the Thai side of the range. Some Kayah and Karen communities, like the "long-necked Karen", are regularly visited by organized tourist groups.[14] The Ang Khang Royal Agricultural Station is in the mountains of the range. It was founded in 1969 by the King of Thailand
and is notable for its temperate climate that allows the cultivation of flowers and fruits characteristic of cooler climates.[15] In March 2011 there was a magnitude 5 earthquake in the Burmese side of the range with the epicenter north of Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
town. There were over 70 deaths and more than hundred wounded.[16] Protected areas[edit] Burma[edit]

Loimwe National Park Pasa Wildlife Reserve


Lam Nam Kok National Park Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park Huai Nam Dang National Park Pha Daeng National Park Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea National Park


Looking out over Burma
from Thailand, into the heart of the range 

Wat Phra That Doi Wao and the Daen Lao Range, Thai highlands 

The eastern end of the town of Santikhiri
at Doi Mae Salong 

The range above the Pai River
Pai River
in Pai District. This river has its source in the SW of the range 

Ang Khang Royal Agricultural Station 

View from Rte 1340 in Chai Prakan District 

See also[edit]

Doi Nang Non, the "Sleeping Lady" Western Forest Complex Thai highlands List of Ultras of Southeast Asia Doi Pha Hom Pok National Park Tham Pla–Namtok Pha Suea National Park


^ Northern Thailand
Archived 2012-01-28 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Geology of Thailand
- Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Bangkok ^ Geography of Thailand
Archived 2012-01-28 at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia, Avijit Gupta, Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-19-924802-5 ^ Fang Valley ^ Loi Pangnao
Loi Pangnao
(mountain) - Region: Shan State, Myanmar ^ Doi Ang Khang
Doi Ang Khang
Mountain - Royal Ang Khang Research Station ^ Tourism Chiang Rai ^ Hilltribes ^ King Naresuan
The Great of Ayutthaya ^ The Nation, Warrior king remains a very modern mystery, 30 Apr 2006 ^ Opium
Reduction and Highland Development: Thailand
Case Study Archived April 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Mongla base shelled by Burma
Army artillery Archived 2011-10-24 at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Politics of Ethnic Tourism in Northern Thailand ^ Royal Agricultural Station Angkhang ^ Myanmar: Erdbeben der Stärke 5 – über 70 Tote

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daen Lao Range.

Doi Ang Khang
Doi Ang Khang
travel guide from Wikivoyage TAT: Tham Pla – Pha Suea National Park TAT: Pha Hom Pok National Park Peakbagger - Shan-Western Thailand Google Books, The Physical Geography of Southeast Asia

v t e

Mountain ranges of Thailand

Cardamom Mountains Daen Lao Range Dângrêk Mountains Khao Khiao Massif Luang Prabang Range Phetchabun Mountains Phi Pan Nam Range Phu Phan Mountains Sankamphaeng Range Tenasserim Hills Thanon Thong Chai Range Titiwang