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Charles Guillaume Marie Appollinaire Antoine Cousin-Montauban, 1er Comte de Palikao (French: [ʃaʁl kuzɛ̃ mɔ̃tobɑ̃ kɔ̃t də palika.o]; 1796–1878) was a French general and statesman. Biography[edit] Montauban was born in Paris. As a cavalry officer he saw much service in Algeria, but he was still only a colonel when in 1847 he effected the capture of Abdel Kadir. Between January 1855 and November 1857, Montauban commanded the Division of Oran in western Algeria. In 1855 he was sent to fight in the Crimea. He was appointed in 1858 to a command at home, and at the close of 1859 was selected to lead the French troops in the Anglo-French expedition to China. His conduct of the operations did not escape criticism, but in 1862 he received from Napoleon III, the title of comte de Palikao (from the Battle of Palikao); he had already been made a senator. The allegation that he had acquired a vast fortune by the plunder of the Old Summer Palace
Old Summer Palace
in Peking seems to have been without foundation. In 1865 he was appointed to the command of the IV. army corps at Lyon, in the training of which he displayed exceptional energy and administrative capacity. In the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
of 1870 he was not given a command in the field, but after the opening disasters had shaken the Ollivier ministry he was entrusted by the empress-regent with the portfolio of war, and became president of the council (10 August). He at once, with great success, reorganized the military resources of the nation. He claimed to have raised Marshal MacMahon's force at Châlons to 140,000 men, to have created three new army corps, 33 new regiments and 100,000 gardes mobiles, and to have brought the defences of the capital to a state of efficiency – all this in 24 days. He conceived the idea of sending the Army of Châlons to raise the blockade of Metz. The scheme depended on a precision and rapidity of which the Army of Châlons
Army of Châlons
was no longer capable, and ended with the disaster of Sedan. After the capitulation of the emperor the dictatorship was offered to Palikao, but he refused to desert the empire, and proposed to establish a council of national defence, with himself as lieutenant-general of government. Before a decision was made, the chamber was invaded by the mob, and Palikao fled to Belgium. In 1871 he appeared before the parliamentary commission of inquiry, and in the same year established Un Ministre de la guerre de vingt-quatre jours. He died at Versailles. External links[edit]

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Charles Cousin-Montauban, Souvenirs (Paris: Plon, 1932)-- extracts concerning the China campaign of 1860.  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Palikao, Charles Guillaume Marie Appollinaire Antoine Cousin Montauban, Comte de". Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  Ringmar, Erik (2013). Liberal Barbarism: The European Destruction of the Palace of the Emperor of China (PDF). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. [permanent dead link]

Political offices

Preceded by Émile Ollivier Prime Minister of France 9 August 1870 – 4 September 1870 Succeeded by Louis Jules Trochu

Preceded by Pierre Charles Dejean Minister of War 10 August 1870 – 4 September 1870 Succeeded by Adolphe Charles Le Flô

v t e

Heads of government of France

Restoration

Talleyrand Richelieu Dessolles Decazes Richelieu Villèle Martignac Polignac

July Monarchy

V. de Broglie Laffitte Perier Soult Gérard Maret Mortier V. de Broglie Thiers Molé Soult Thiers Soult Guizot Molé

Second Republic

Dupont de l'Eure Arago Cavaignac Barrot Hautpoul Faucher

Second Empire

Ollivier Cousin-Montauban

Government of National Defense

Trochu

Third Republic

Dufaure A. de Broglie Cissey Buffet Dufaure Simon A. de Broglie Rochebouët Dufaure Waddington Freycinet Ferry Gambetta Freycinet Duclerc Fallières Ferry Brisson Freycinet Goblet Rouvier Floquet Tirard Freycinet Loubet Ribot Dupuy Casimir-Perier Dupuy Ribot Bourgeois Méline Brisson Dupuy Waldeck-Rousseau Combes Rouvier Sarrien Clemenceau Briand Monis Caillaux Poincaré Briand Barthou Doumergue Ribot Viviani Briand Ribot Painlevé Clemenceau Millerand Leygues Briand Poincaré François-Marsal Herriot Painlevé Briand Herriot Poincaré Briand Tardieu Chautemps Tardieu Steeg Laval Tardieu Herriot Paul-Boncour Daladier Sarraut Chautemps Daladier Doumergue Flandin Bouisson Laval Sarraut Blum Chautemps Blum Daladier Reynaud Pétain

Vichy France

Pétain Laval Flandin Darlan Laval

Provisional Government

De Gaulle Gouin Bidault Blum

Fourth Republic

Ramadier Schuman Marie Schuman Queuille Bidault Queuille Pleven Queuille Pleven Faure Pinay Mayer Laniel Mendès France Faure Mollet Bourgès-Maunoury Gaillard Pflimlin De Gaulle

Fifth Republic

De Gaulle Debré Pompidou Couve de Murville Chaban-Delmas Messmer Chirac Barre Mauroy Fabius Chirac Rocard Cresson Bérégovoy Balladur Juppé Jospin Raffarin Villepin Fillon Ayrault Valls Cazeneuve Philippe

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49401641 LCCN: n95120069 ISNI: 0000 0001 0969 5150 GND: 173255868 SUDOC: 066974283 BNF: cb137438267 (data) L