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Coron, officially the Municipality of Coron (Filipino: Bayan ng Coron) is a 1st class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 51,803 people.[3] It comprises the eastern half of Busuanga Island, all of Coron Island and about 50 other minor islets stretching as far as Tara Island in the north-east and Canipo Island in the south.[4] All these islands are part of the Calamian Archipelago in Northern Palawan
Palawan
that separates the South China Sea
South China Sea
from the Sulu Sea. The main population center of the municipality is composed of Poblacion
Poblacion
barangays 1 to 6, where the Municipal Building, the Municipal Legislative Building, and the Judicial Hall of the Municipal Circuit Trial Court are located. Its fiesta is held annually on August 28 in honor of Saint Augustine. It is the commercial capital of the Calamian Islands. The municipality is home to the Coron Island
Coron Island
Natural Biotic Area, which is listed in the natural category of the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.[5]

Contents

1 Barangays 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Climate 5 Economy 6 Transportation 7 Gallery 8 References 9 External links

Barangays[edit] Coron is politically subdivided into 23 barangays.

Banuang Daan Bintuan Borac Buenavista Bulalacao Cabugao Decabobo Decalachao Guadalupe (also called Binalabag) Lajala Malawig Marcilla Barangay
Barangay
I (Pob.) Barangay
Barangay
II (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
III (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
IV (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
V (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
VI (Poblacion) San Jose San Nicolas Tagumpay Tara Turda

History[edit] The Calamianes Islands were originally inhabited by the Tagbanuas, Calmiananen and Cuyonon tribes. Oral history tells that the Datu Macanas ruled the entire Busuanga Island where present day Coron town lies. Early on Spanish exploration of the islands, Fray de la Concepcion took note of the friendliness of the people of Busuanga Island
Busuanga Island
and the ferocity of the Tagbanua tribe living in Coron Island. In this area of the Calamianes, the first permanent Spanish settlement was Culion. Coron was a mere visita of Culion
Culion
at that time. A fort and church were built in Libis, Culion
Culion
around 1670 by the Spaniards as part of the defenses (along with Cuyo, Taytay and Linapacan) against the Muslim raids. This became a settlement for migrants to the Calamianes. Don Nicolas Manlavi a Cuyonon served several years in Spanish Galleons, and an Ilonggo from Jaro, Ilo-ilo named Claudio Sandoval later wed Nicolas' only daughter Evarista. The Sandoval clan of the Calamianes came from this union. It was Don Nicolas Manlavi who established the first settlement in Coron which was initially at Banuang Lague (old town) in present-day Banuang Daan in Coron Island. The town center was then again moved to present day Maquinit and later on, it was finally established in present-day Bancuang in Barangay
Barangay
5 where a good water source was found.[citation needed] Late in the 1890s, an American naturalist, Dean Worcester, journeyed through the Calamianes collecting specimens and stayed briefly in Culion. At the turn of the century, he was appointed part of the First Philippine Commission, becoming the Secretary of the Interior. He recommended Culion
Culion
as the Philippine Leper Colony. This act forced the transfer of the Sandoval clan in 1900 to the various barrios of what is now Coron and Busuanga. The Coron town was settled by the family of Claudio Sandoval, and the other Sandovals settled in what is now Bintuan, Salvacion, Concepcion and Old Busuanga. In 1950, the town of Busuanga was created from the barrios of Concepcion, Salvacion, Busuanga, New Busuanga, Buluang, Quezon, Calawit, and Cheey which used to belong to Coron.[6] In 1954, the islands of Linapacan, Cabunlaoan, Niangalao, Decabayotot, Calibanbangan, Pical, and Barangonan were separated from Coron to form the town of Linapacan.[7] Demographics[edit]

Church in Coron.

Population census of Coron

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 5,134 —    

1918 12,438 +6.08%

1939 18,682 +1.96%

1948 16,445 −1.41%

1960 14,996 −0.77%

1970 17,852 +1.76%

1975 20,828 +3.14%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1980 25,129 +3.82%

1990 33,228 +2.83%

1995 27,040 −3.79%

2000 32,243 +3.84%

2007 40,007 +3.02%

2010 42,941 +2.61%

2015 51,803 +3.64%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][8][9][10]

In the 2015 census, the population of Coron, Palawan, was 51,803 people,[3] with a density of 75 inhabitants per square kilometre or 190 inhabitants per square mile. Climate[edit]

Climate data for Coron, Palawan

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 37 (99) 37 (99) 33 (91) 35 (95) 36 (97) 35 (95) 36 (97) 33 (91) 32 (90) 33 (91) 33 (91) 37 (99) 37 (99)

Average high °C (°F) 30 (86) 30 (86) 31 (88) 31 (88) 32 (90) 30 (86) 30 (86) 29 (84) 30 (86) 30 (86) 30 (86) 30 (86) 30.3 (86.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) 27 (81) 27 (81) 28 (82) 28 (82) 29 (84) 28 (82) 27 (81) 27 (81) 27 (81) 27 (81) 28 (82) 28 (82) 27.6 (81.7)

Average low °C (°F) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 26 (79) 26 (79) 26 (79) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25 (77) 25.3 (77.5)

Record low °C (°F) 20 (68) 21 (70) 21 (70) 22 (72) 22 (72) 20 (68) 22 (72) 22 (72) 22 (72) 22 (72) 22 (72) 20 (68) 20 (68)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 6 (0.24) 0 (0) 12 (0.47) 39 (1.54) 117 (4.61) 351 (13.82) 435 (17.13) 375 (14.76) 159 (6.26) 159 (6.26) 45 (1.77) 12 (0.47) 1,710 (67.33)

Average rainy days 2 1 3 4 17 25 26 24 20 19 9 4 154

Average relative humidity (%) 72 74 72 71 69 78 83 84 83 84 80 77 77.3

Source #1: World Weather Online[11]

Source #2: Weatherbase [12]

Economy[edit]

Fishing
Fishing
boats in Coron.

The main industries of Coron are fishing and tourism. Former industries include manganese mining at Singay Mines in Barangay
Barangay
San Nicolas during the Japanese Occupation period. This was followed by the fishing industry boom during the 1970s up to the 1990s which gradually dwindled due to illegal blast and sodium cyanide fishing. The rattan and basket-weaving industry which also gradually declined during the same period due to the ensuing depletion of raw materials. Currently tourism is the top industry in Coron due to local beaches, dive sites, and other natural tourist spots. A dozen sunken Japanese warships at depths between 10 and 40 metres (33 and 131 ft) off Coron Island
Coron Island
is a diving destination,[4] listed in Forbes
Forbes
Traveler Magazine’s top 10 best scuba diving sites in the world. Transportation[edit] The Francisco B. Reyes Airport
Francisco B. Reyes Airport
serves the town. Gallery[edit]

Coron Island

The lagoon going to Kayangan Lake

View of the municipality from Mount Tapyas

The cross in the summit of Mount Tapyas

Kayangan Lake in Coron Island, reportedly the cleanest freshwater lake in the Philippines

References[edit]

^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.  ^ "Province: Palawan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ a b "Coron" (PDF). Provincial Government of Palawan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2012.  ^ " Coron Island
Coron Island
Natural Biotic Area - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 29 August 2017.  ^ "An act to create the municipality of Busuanga in the province of Palawan". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2011-04-09.  ^ "An Act to Create the Municipality of Linapacan
Linapacan
in the Province of Palawan". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11.  ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.  ^ "Province of Palawan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.  ^ "Coron, Philippines: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 15 September 2014.  ^ "Coron, Philippines
Philippines
Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coron, Palawan.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Coron.

Philippine Standard Geographic Code Local Governance Performance Management System Philippine Department of Tourism
Tourism
official site

Places adjacent to Coron, Palawan

Mindoro Strait Mindoro Strait
Mindoro Strait
/ Magsaysay, Occidental Mindoro

Busuanga

Coron

Culion Sulu Sea
Sulu Sea
/ Agutaya

v t e

Province of Palawan

Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
(capital)

Municipalities

Aborlan Agutaya Araceli Balabac Bataraza Brooke's Point Busuanga Cagayancillo Coron Culion Cuyo Dumaran El Nido Kalayaan Linapacan Magsaysay Narra Quezon Rizal Roxas San Vicente Sofronio Española Taytay

Highly urbanized city

Puerto Princesa
Puerto Princesa
(Administratively independent from the province but grouped under Palawan
Palawan
by the Philippine Statistics