Parouse.com
 Parouse.com



Comedy
Comedy
is a genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humor. These films are designed to make the audience laugh through amusement and most often work by exaggerating characteristics for humorous effect.[1] Films in this style traditionally have a happy ending (black comedy being an exception). One of the oldest genres in film, some of the very first silent movies were comedies, as slapstick comedy often relies on visual depictions, without requiring sound. When sound films became more prevalent during the 1920s, comedy films took another swing, as laughter could result from burlesque situations but also dialogue. Comedy, compared with other film genres, puts much more focus on individual stars, with many former stand-up comics transitioning to the film industry due to their popularity. While many comic films are lighthearted stories with no intent other than to amuse, others contain political or social commentary (such as The King of Comedy
Comedy
and Wag the Dog).

Contents

1 By country 2 Subgenres

2.1 Hybrid subgenres

2.1.1 Action comedy 2.1.2 Comedy
Comedy
horror 2.1.3 Comedy
Comedy
thriller 2.1.4 Fantasy comedy 2.1.5 Comic science fiction 2.1.6 Military comedy 2.1.7 Romantic comedy

3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links

By country[edit]

Play media

Watch Brideless Groom

Country Comedy
Comedy
film

 US American comedy films

 UK British comedy films

 FRA French comedy films

 IND Indian comedy films

 ITA Italian comedy films

Subgenres[edit] A comedy of manners satirizes the manners and affectations of a social class, often represented by stock characters. Also, satirical comedy-drama & the plot is often concerned with an illicit love affair or some other scandal. However, the plot is generally less important for its comedic effect than its witty dialogue. This form of comedy has a long ancestry, dating back at least as far as Much Ado about Nothing created by William Shakespeare. Slapstick
Slapstick
films involve exaggerated, boisterous action to create impossible and humorous situations. Because it relies predominately on visual depictions of events, it does not require sound. Accordingly, the subgenre was ideal for silent movies and was prevalent during that era. Popular silent stars of the slapstick genre include Buster Keaton, Charlie Chaplin, Roscoe Arbuckle, and Harold Lloyd. Some of these stars, as well as acts such as Laurel and Hardy
Laurel and Hardy
and the Three Stooges, also found success incorporating slapstick comedy into sound films. In a fish out of water comedy, the main character or character finds himself in an unusual environment, which drives most of the humour. Situations can be neo noir crime comedy, satirical comedy-drama & black comedy as sometimes as fantasy comedy behinds swapping gender roles, as in Tootsie
Tootsie
(1982); an age changing role, as in Big (1988); a freedom-loving individual fitting into a structured environment, as in Police Academy (1984); a rural backwoodsman in the big city, as in Crocodile Dundee, and so forth. The Coen Brothers are known for using this technique in all of their films, though not always to comic effect. Some films including people fitting the "fish-out-of-water" bill include The Big Lebowski
The Big Lebowski
(1998) and A Serious Man (2009). A parody or spoof film is a comedy that satirizes other film genres or classic films. Such films mockumentary, employ sarcasm, stereotyping, mockery of scenes from other films, and the obviousness of meaning in a character's actions. Examples of this form include Mud and Sand (1922), Blazing Saddles
Blazing Saddles
(1974), Airplane!
Airplane!
(1980), Young Frankenstein (1974),and Scary Movie
Scary Movie
(2000). The anarchic comedy film, as its name suggests, is a random or stream-of-consciousness type of humour which often lampoons a form of authority.[2] The genre dates from the silent era, and the most famous examples of this type of film would be those produced by Monty Python.[3] Others include Duck Soup (1933) and National Lampoon's Animal House (1978). The black comedy film deals with normally taboo subjects, including death, murder, crime, suicide, and war, in a satirical manner. Examples include Arsenic and Old Lace (1944), Monsieur Verdoux
Monsieur Verdoux
(1947), Kind Hearts and Coronets
Kind Hearts and Coronets
(1949), The Ladykillers
The Ladykillers
(1955), Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964), The Loved One
The Loved One
(1965), MASH (1970), The King of Comedy
Comedy
(1983), Monty Python's The Meaning of Life
Monty Python's The Meaning of Life
(1983), Brazil (1985), After Hours (1985), The War of the Roses (1989), Heathers
Heathers
(1989), Your Friends & Neighbors (1998), Keeping Mum
Keeping Mum
(2005), Burn After Reading (2008) and The Wolf of Wall Street (2013). Gross out films are a relatively recent development and rely heavily on vulgar, sexual or "toilet" humour. Examples include Porky's
Porky's
(1982), Dumb and Dumber
Dumb and Dumber
(1994), There's Something About Mary
There's Something About Mary
(1998), and American Pie (1999). It was not uncommon for the early romantic comedy film to also be a screwball comedy film. This form of comedy film was particularly popular during the 1930s and 1940s. There is no consensus definition of this film style, and it is often loosely applied to slapstick or romantic comedy films. Typically it can include a romantic element, an interplay between people of different economic strata, quick and witty repartee, some form of role reversal, and a happy ending. Some examples of the screwball comedy are: It Happened One Night
It Happened One Night
(1934), Bringing Up Baby
Bringing Up Baby
(1938), Philadelphia Story (1940), His Girl Friday (1940), and more recently, What's Up, Doc? (1972). Hybrid subgenres[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Action comedy[edit] Films in this subgenre blend comic antics and action where the film stars combine with and one-liners with a thrilling plot and daring stunts. The genre became a specific draw in North America in the eighties when comedians such as Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
started taking more action oriented roles such as in 48 Hrs.
48 Hrs.
and Beverly Hills Cop. These type of films are often buddy films, with mismatched partners such as in Midnight Run, Rush Hour, 21 Jump Street, Bad Boys, Starsky and Hutch, and Hot Fuzz. Slapstick
Slapstick
martial arts films became a mainstay of Hong Kong action cinema
Hong Kong action cinema
through the work of Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
among others. It may also focus on superheroes such as The Incredibles, Hancock, Kick-Ass, and Mystery Men. It may focus on kung fu such as Kung Fu Panda. Comedy
Comedy
horror[edit] Comedy horror
Comedy horror
is a type of film in which the usual dark themes and "scare tactics" attributed to horror films are treated with a humorous approach. These films either use goofy horror cliches, such as in Scream, Young Frankenstein, Little Shop of Horrors, Haunted Mansion, and Scary Movie
Scary Movie
where campy styles are favoured. Some are much more subtle and don't parody horror, such as An American Werewolf In London. Another style of comedy horror can also rely on over the top violence and gore such as in The Evil Dead
The Evil Dead
(1981), Re-Animator
Re-Animator
(1985), Braindead (1992), and Club Dread (2004) - such films are sometimes known as splatstick, a portmanteau of the words splatter and slapstick. It would be reasonable to put Ghostbusters
Ghostbusters
in this category. Comedy
Comedy
thriller[edit] A genre that combines elements of comedy and thrillers, a combination of humor and suspense or action. Films such as Silver Streak, Charade, Kiss Kiss Bang Bang, In Bruges, Mr. and Mrs. Smith, Grosse Point Blank, The Thin Man, The Big Fix, and The Lady Vanishes. Fantasy comedy[edit] Fantasy comedy films are types of films that uses magic, supernatural and or mythological figures for comic purposes. Most fantasy comedy includes an element of parody, or satire, turning many of the fantasy conventions on their head such as the hero becoming a cowardly fool, the princess being a klutz. Examples of these films include The Chipmunk Adventure, Big, Being John Malkovich, Ernest Saves Christmas, Ernest Scared Stupid, Night at the Museum, Groundhog Day, Click, and Shrek. Comic science fiction[edit] Sci-fi comedy films, like most hybrid genre of comedy, use the elements of science fiction films to over the top extremes and exaggerated science fiction stereotypical characters. Examples of these types of films include Back to the Future, Spaceballs, Ghostbusters, Evolution, Innerspace, Galaxy Quest, Mars Attacks!, Men in Black, and The World's End. Military comedy[edit]

Military comedy films involve comic situations in a military setting. When a film is primarily about the experience of civilians called into military service and still feeling out of place, it may be referred to as a "service comedy". Because war is such a grim subject, many military comedies are set in peacetime or during wartime but away from battle zones. Military and service comedies include:

Shoulder Arms Buck Privates Carry On Sergeant Catch-22 Delta Farce Down Periscope the Flagg and Quirt series the Francis (1950 film)
Francis (1950 film)
series Good Morning, Vietnam How I Won the War In the Army Now I Was a Male War Bride Kelly's Heroes M*A*S*H Military Intelligence and You Mister Roberts No Time for Sergeants Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. Operation Petticoat Major Payne Private Benjamin The Private War of Major Benson The Secret War of Harry Frigg See Here, Private Hargrove Sgt. Bilko Stripes Teahouse of the August Moon Tropic Thunder Up the Academy McHale's Navy What Did You Do in the War, Daddy? Forrest Gump Enlisted Wake Me When It's Over

Romantic comedy[edit] The romantic comedy film subgenre typically involves the development of a relationship between a man and a woman. The stereotyped plot line follows the "boy-gets-girl", "boy-loses-girl", "boy gets girl back again" sequence. Naturally, there are innumerable variants to this plot, and much of the generally light-hearted comedy lies in the social interactions and sexual tensions between the pair. Examples of this style of film include It (1927), City Lights
City Lights
(1931), It's a Wonderful World (1939), The Shop Around the Corner
The Shop Around the Corner
(1940), Sabrina (1954), Annie Hall
Annie Hall
(1977), When Harry Met Sally...
When Harry Met Sally...
(1989), Pretty Woman (1990), Four Weddings and a Funeral
Four Weddings and a Funeral
(1994), and There's Something About Mary (1998). See also[edit]

AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs (1924–1998, list made in 2000)

References[edit]

^ " Comedy
Comedy
Films". Filmsite.org. Retrieved 2012-04-29.  ^ "Absurd Comedy". Allmovies.  ^ Sexton, Timothy. "Anarchic Comedy
Comedy
from the Silent Era to Monty Python". Yahoo! Movies. 

Bibliography[edit]

Thomas W. Bohn and Richard L. Stromgren, Light and Shadows: A History of Motion Pictures, 1975, Mayfield Publishing. Horton, Andrew S. (1991). Comedy/Cinema/Theory. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-07040-0.  King, Geoff (2002). Film
Film
Comedy. Wallflower Press. ISBN 978-1-903364-36-9.  Rickman, Gregg (2004). The Film
Film
Comedy
Comedy
Reader. Limelight Editions. ISBN 978-0-87910-295-1.  Weitz, Eric (2009). The Cambridge Introduction to Comedy. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-83260-1. 

External links[edit]

Comedy
Comedy
films at IMDB Top 100 Comedy
Comedy
movies from Rottentomatoes

v t e

Film
Film
genres

By style

Action

Arthouse Heroic bloodshed Hong Kong action

Adventure

Survival

Art Biographical Christian Comedy

Black Commedia all'italiana Commedia sexy all'italiana Bromantic Dramedy Gross out Horror Parody Mo lei tau Thriller Remarriage Romantic Sex Screwball Silent Slapstick

Documentary

Animated Docudrama Mockumentary Mondo Pseudo Semi Travel

Drama

Dramedy Historical Legal Melodrama

Korean

Erotic

Commedia sexy all'italiana Pink Sexploitation Thriller

Educational Social guidance Epic

Sword-and-sandal

Experimental Exploitation

see Exploitation film
Exploitation film
template

Fantasy

Comic Contemporary Dark Fairy tale Fantastique High Historical Magic realism Science

Film
Film
noir

Bad girl Neo-noir Occult detective Pulp noir Tech noir

Gothic

Romance Southern Space Suburban Urban

Horror

Body Cannibal Comedy Eco Fantastique Found footage German underground Ghost Giallo Holiday Japanese Korean Lovecraftian Mumblegore Natural New French Extremity Occult detective Psycho-biddy Psychological Religious Science Fiction Slasher Splatter Satanic

Mumblecore

Mumblegore

Musical

Backstage Jukebox Musicarello Operetta Sceneggiata

Mystery

Giallo Occult detective

Pornographic

Hardcore pornography Softcore pornography

Propaganda Reality Romantic

Comedy

Bromantic

Fantasy Gothic Paranormal Thriller

Science fiction

Comic Cyberpunk Fantastique Fantasy Gothic Horror Military Mundane New Wave Parallel universe Planetary romance Space opera Steampunk Western

Thriller

Comedy Conspiracy Erotic Financial Giallo Legal New French Extremity Political Psychological Romantic Techno

Transgressive

Cinema of Transgression New French Extremity

Trick

By theme

Animals Beach party Blaxploitation Body swap Bourekas Buddy

Buddy cop Female

Cannibal Chicano Colonial Coming-of-age Concert Crime

Gentleman thief Gong'an Heist Hood Gangster Mafia Mafia comedy Poliziotteschi Yakuza Gokudō

Dance Disaster

Apocalyptic

Drug

Psychedelic Stoner

Dystopian Economic Ethnographic Extraterrestrial Food and drink Funny animal Gendai-geki Ghost Goona-goona epic Gothic

Romance Southern Space Suburban Urban

Ecchi Girls with guns Harem Hentai

Tentacle erotica

Lolicon Kaitō Magical girl Mecha Shotacon Yaoi Yuri Homeland Jidaigeki LGBT Luchador Martial arts

Bruceploitation Chopsocky Gun fu Kung fu Wuxia

Mecha Mexploitation Monster

Giant monster Jiangshi Kaiju Vampire Werewolf Zombie

Mountain Mouth of Garbage Muslim social Nature

Environmental issues

Opera Outlaw biker Ozploitation Partisan film Pirate Prison

Women

Race Rape and revenge Road Rubble Rumberas Samurai Sexploitation

Bavarian porn Commedia sexy all'italiana Mexican sex comedy Nazi exploitation Pornochanchada Nunsploitation Sex report

Shomin-geki Slavery Slice of life Snuff

Crush

South Seas Sports Spy

Eurospy

Superhero Surfing Swashbuckler Sword-and-sandal Sword and sorcery Travel Trial Vigilante War

Anti-war Euro War Submarine

Western

Acid Florida Meat pie Northern Ostern revisionist Space Spaghetti Weird

Zombie

Zombie comedy

By movement or period

Absolute Australian New Wave Auteur
Auteur
films Berlin School Bourekas Brighton School British New Wave

Kitchen sink realism

Budapest school Cannibal boom Cinéma du look Cinema Novo Cinema of Transgression Cinéma pur Commedia all'italiana Documentary Film
Film
Movement Dogme 95 Erra Cinema European art cinema Film
Film
gris Free Cinema French New Wave German Expressionist German underground horror Nigerian Golden Age Grupo Cine Liberación Heimatfilm Hollywood on the Tiber Hong Kong New Wave Iranian New Wave Italian futurist Italian neorealist Japanese New Wave Kammerspielfilm L.A. Rebellion Lettrist Mumblecore Neorealist New French Extremity New German New Generation New Hollywood New Nollywood New Queer No wave Nuevo Cine Mexicano Parallel cinema Persian Film Poetic realist Polish Film
Film
School Poliziotteschi Praška filmska škola Prussian film Pure Film
Film
Movement Remodernist Romanian New Wave Spaghetti Western Socialist realist Social realist

Kitchen sink realism

Soviet Parallel Structural Surrealist Sword-and-sandal Telefoni Bianchi Third Cinema Yugoslav Black Wave

By audience

Adult Chick flick Children's Family Guy-cry Stag Teen Woman's

By format, technique, approach, or production

3D Actuality Animation

anime cartoon computer stop-motion traditional

Anthology Art B movie Black-and-white Blockbuster Bollywood Cinéma vérité Classical Hollywood cinema Collage Color Compilation Composite Cult

midnight movie

Database cinema Docufiction Ethnofiction Experimental

Abstract

Feature Featurette Film
Film
à clef Film
Film
noir Film-poem Found footage Grindhouse Hyperlink cinema Independent

Guerrilla filmmaking

Interstitial art Live action

animation

Low-budget Major studio Making-of Masala Message picture Meta-film Mockbuster Musical short Mythopoeia Neorealist No budget Paracinema Participatory Poetry Postmodernist Reverse motion Sceneggiata Semidocumentary Serial Shinpa Short Silent Socialist realist Sound Underground Video nasty Z movie

v t e

Lists of films by genre

Action

Martial arts

Adventure

Pirate

Animation Avant-garde Biographical Children's Christian Comedy Crime Disaster Documentary Drama

Historical

Economics Erotic Fantasy Ghosts Horror

Eco Kaiju Giant-monster Natural

Independent short LGBT Mockumentary Monster

Clowns Toys

Musical Mystery Noir Neo-noir Religious Romance Romantic comedy Science fiction Sports Slavery Superhero Teen Thriller

Legal

War

anti-war

Western

Spaghetti

v t e

Comedy

Topics

Comedian Comedic device Comedy
Comedy
festival Comic timing Farce Humorist Humour Impersonator Impressionist Irony Joke Prank call Punch line Satire Visual gag Wit Word play

Film

Country

American British French Italian

Genre

Horror Parody Remarriage Romance Science fiction Screwball Sex

Italian

Silent Slapstick Stoner

Theatre

Country

Europe

Ancient Greek comedy Comédie-Française Comédie-Italienne Corral de comedias Theatre of ancient Rome

Asia

China

Xiangsheng Mo lei tau

Japan

Kyōgen Manzai Owarai Rakugo Sarugaku

Genre

Boulevard theatre Comedy-drama Comedy
Comedy
of errors Comedy
Comedy
of humours Comedy
Comedy
of manners Comedy
Comedy
of menace Commedia dell'arte Double act Farce Improvisational Macchietta One-person show Pantomime Restoration comedy Sentimental comedy

Comédie larmoyante

Shadow play Shakespearean comedy Sketch comedy Spex Stand-up comedy Street theatre Theatre of the Absurd Tragicomedy Vaudeville

Music & dance

Ballad opera Cabaret

Café-chantant Café-théâtre

Comédie-ballet Comedy
Comedy
club Light music Music hall Musical theatre Opéra bouffe Opera buffa Opéra comique Operetta Revue

Media

Music

Album Rock

Novel Radio Television

Roast Sitcom

Subgenres

Alternative Black Blue Character Christian Cringe Deadpan
Deadpan
(dry humor) Documentary Gallows High / low Horror Insult Observational Physical Prop Shock Sick Slapstick

Topics

Surreal Zombie

Category Portal

Authority control