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Coburg
Coburg
(German pronunciation: [ˈkoːbʊɐ̯k]) is a town located on the Itz river in the Upper Franconia
Upper Franconia
region of Bavaria, Germany. Long part of one of the Thuringian states
Thuringian states
of the Wettin line, it joined Bavaria
Bavaria
by popular vote only in 1920. Until the revolution of 1918, it was one of the capitals of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
and the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Through successful dynastic policies, the ruling princely family married into several of the royal families of Europe, most notably in the person of Prince Albert, who married Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
in 1840. As a result of these close links with the royal houses of Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Coburg
Coburg
was frequently visited by the crowned heads of Europe and their families. Coburg
Coburg
is also known as the location of Veste Coburg, one of Germany's largest castles. In 1530, Martin Luther
Martin Luther
lived there for six months during which he worked on translating the Bible into German. Today, Coburg's population is close to 41,500. Since it was little damaged in World War II, Coburg
Coburg
retains many historic buildings, making it a popular tourist destination.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Location 1.2 Subdivisions

2 History 3 Demographics

3.1 Religion

4 Economy 5 Governance

5.1 Town twinning 5.2 Coat of arms

6 Attractions 7 Arts and culture

7.1 Trivia

8 Infrastructure

8.1 Transport

8.1.1 Car 8.1.2 Railways 8.1.3 Airports 8.1.4 Local public transport system

9 Notable people 10 More sons and daughters of the town

10.1 Born before 1900 10.2 Born after 1900

11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Geography[edit] Location[edit] Coburg
Coburg
lies about 90 kilometres (56 miles) south of Erfurt
Erfurt
and about 100 kilometres (62 miles) north of Nuremberg
Nuremberg
on the river Itz. It is an urban district and is surrounded by the Landkreis Coburg. Coburg lies at the foot of the Thuringian Highland. Coburg, Bavaria
Bavaria
was part of West Germany
Germany
until reunification in 1990, but on three sides it borders Thuringia
Thuringia
which was East Germany. The border between Bavaria and Thuringia
Thuringia
was also the inner German border. Subdivisions[edit]

Coburg
Coburg
pattern English (London) silver spoons, c. 1830

Coburg
Coburg
is divided into 15 Stadtteile:

Coburg
Coburg
(town proper) Beiersdorf Bertelsdorf Cortendorf Creidlitz Glend Ketschendorf Löbelstein Lützelbuch Neu- and Neershof Neuses (de) Rögen Scheuerfeld Seidmansdorf Wüstenahorn

History[edit]

Veste Coburg

Ehrenburg Palace, rebuilt after a catastrophic fire in 1690, received its Gothic revival exterior in the 19th century

Coburg
Coburg
was first mentioned in a monastic document dated 1056, which marked the transfer of ownership to the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne,[2]:16 although there was a settlement at the site that predates it called Trufalistat. The origin of the name Coburg
Coburg
is unclear; the first element may be kuh, which would give a literal meaning of "cow borough".[3] "Coburg" initially referred to a property centred on the hill where Veste Coburg
Veste Coburg
was later built. Its oldest remains date to the 12th or 13th century. In 1248, the castle came into possession of the House of Henneberg and in 1353 it passed to the House of Wettin[2]:16 with the marriage of Frederick III with Catherine of Henneberg
Catherine of Henneberg
and was initially regarded by them as a Saxon outpost within Franconia. During the Diet of Augsburg
Diet of Augsburg
in 1530 reformer Martin Luther
Martin Luther
spent six months at the castle (located at the southernmost point of the Saxon duchy) while his liege lord, John, Elector of Saxony, attended the Diet. Luther was forbidden to attend by the Elector, who feared that he would be imprisoned and burned as a heretic. While quartered at the castle Luther continued with his translation of the Bible into German. In 1547, the princely residence was moved from the Veste to a former monastery, rebuilt as a Renaissance palace, the Ehrenburg.[2]:16 In 1596, Coburg
Coburg
was raised to the status of capital of one of the dynasty's splintered Saxon-Thuringian territories, the newly created Duchy of Saxe-Coburg
Duchy of Saxe-Coburg
under the leadership of Duke John Casimir (ruled 1596–1633). From 1699 to 1826, it was one of the two capitals of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and from 1826–1918 it was a capital of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Ernest Frederick, the fourth Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, moved his capital from Saalfeld
Saalfeld
to Coburg
Coburg
in 1764. Coburg
Coburg
then became capital of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
and later of the Duchy of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha. In the early 19th century, the town's medieval fortifications were demolished and replaced by parks. The duke also started the collection of copperplate engravings that is today part of the Veste Coburg museum. Under his son, Ernest, the Schlossplatz (de) with what is today the Landestheater Coburg
Landestheater Coburg
was created. He also rebuilt the Ehrenburg in Gothic revival style.[2]:17 In the mid-19th century, Duke Ernest II supported national and liberal ideas and Coburg
Coburg
hosted the first meeting of the German National Association, the founding of the Deutscher Sängerbund (de) and the first Deutsches Turnfest (de) (national sports festival).[2]:17 During the 19th century, dynastic marriages created ties with the royal families of Belgium, Bulgaria, Portugal and Britain. This turned the ducal family from the rulers of a fairly obscure backwater duchy into one playing an influential role in European politics. The era of political influence peaked with Leopold Frederick; born Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, becoming the King of Belgium
Belgium
in 1831 and Prince Albert of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha, born in Schloss Rosenau, marrying his first cousin, Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
in 1840. The marriage between Albert and Victoria established the present British royal house, which renamed itself Windsor during World War I. This marriage in turn led to a union with Germany's ruling dynasty, the Hohenzollerns, when the couple's eldest child, Victoria, married the future Kaiser Friedrich III. After her marriage, Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
said of Coburg:

If I were not who I am, this would have been my real home, but I shall always consider it my second one.[4]

Due to the royal connections among the royal houses of Europe, Coburg was the site of many royal Ducal weddings and visits. Britain's Queen Victoria made six visits to Coburg
Coburg
during her 63-year reign. In 1894 the wedding of Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse
Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse
and Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
brought together Queen Victoria, her son Edward (future Edward VII), her second son Alfred (Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha), her daughter the German dowager Empress Friedrich (Victoria), and many of her grandchildren, such as future Tsar Nicholas and Alexandra of Russia (Alix of Hesse), Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, and the future King George V of the United Kingdom.

Old print image of Coburg, seen from the south

Veste Coburg
Veste Coburg
at night, 2007

In November 1918, the last Duke of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha, Charles Edward, abdicated. The Freistaat Coburg
Coburg
which now came into being had to decide whether to become part of Thuringia
Thuringia
or Bavaria. In a November 1919 referendum, the locals voted to join Bavaria
Bavaria
with an 88% majority. On 1 July 1920, Coburg
Coburg
joined Bavaria.[2]:17 In 1929, Coburg
Coburg
was the first German town in which the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
won the absolute majority of the popular vote during municipal elections.[5] In 1932, Coburg
Coburg
was the first German town to make Adolf Hitler an honorary citizen.[6] After World War II, which Coburg
Coburg
survived largely undamaged, the town faced the challenge of integrating over 15,000 refugees. In addition, whilst the other Saxon-Thuringian principalities were incorporated into the German Democratic Republic, Bavarian Coburg
Coburg
became part of West Germany. As a result, the town spent the Cold War
Cold War
years lying right next to the Iron Curtain, surrounded by East German territory on three sides and cut off from much of its natural back country.[2]:17 In 1946, Polish ambassador Oskar R. Lange
Oskar R. Lange
alleged that Coburg
Coburg
was a base for the Western Allies to organize a Polish armed insurgency led by Władysław Anders
Władysław Anders
against the Soviet-backed communists in Poland.[7] Demographics[edit] Over two thirds of Coburg's population live in the core town of Coburg rather than in one of the Stadtteile merged with it in the 20th century. Some of those retain a largely rural character. Religion[edit] Most residents of Coburg
Coburg
are members of the Evangelical Church (Lutheran). Other Christian communities are Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, the ICF Movement, Jehovah's Witnesses, Catholics, Old Catholics and the New Apostolic Church, as well as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. There are also three communities of Muslims. Coburg
Coburg
had a large Jewish community until the 1940s. Jews had lived there since the 14th century. The old synagogue was a former church. Today it is used by Old Catholics. Coburg
Coburg
became Protestant after the Reformation. All Catholics were persecuted. A new Catholic community was founded in the 19th century. Economy[edit] In 1919 Max Brose (de) and Ernst Jüngling established the metal works Max Brose & Co. to manufacture car parts. The company is still in operation today, as Brose Fahrzeugteile. In 1950, the Haftpflicht-Unterstützungs-Kasse kraftfahrender Beamter Deutschlands a. G. (today HUK-Coburg (de)) relocated from Erfurt to Coburg. HUK is today the largest employer and largest payer of Gewerbesteuer (de) (local corporate tax) in Coburg.[8][9] Kapp Werkzeugmaschinen
Kapp Werkzeugmaschinen
has been a manufacturer of machines since 1953, after taking over the production assets of COMAG (Coburger Maschinenbau GmbH). Coburg
Coburg
has an above-average share of goods-producing employees. In 2013, out of 32,962 employees 10,421 worked in the manufacturing or construction sectors (31% vs. a national average of 24%), 4,853 in trade, transport and tourism, 10,381 in professional services and 7,230 in public and private services.[10]:9 Hotels in Coburg
Coburg
counted over 61,000 overnight visitors in 2014 (of which around 53,000 were from Germany). They stayed for a total of almost 120,000 nights, or close to two nights on average.[10]:15 In 2013, the GDP per inhabitant was €72,219 in Coburg, placing it 6th among the 96 urban and rural districts (Bavarian average: €39,691).[11] Governance[edit] Town twinning[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Coburg
Coburg
is twinned with:[12]

Cobourg, Ontario, Canada Gais, South Tyrol, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Italy Garden City, New York, USA Isle of Wight, England, United Kingdom Niort, Deux-Sèvres, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France Oudenaarde, East Flanders, Belgium

Coat of arms[edit] Coburg's coat of arms, honouring the town's patron Saint Maurice, was granted in 1493. Attractions[edit] Coburg
Coburg
has the typical features of a former capital of a German princely state. There are numerous houses from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. The most important landmarks include:

Eastern choir of Morizkirche

Casimirianum

Schlossplatz with Landestheater and Palais Edinburgh

Town hall

Stadthaus (town house)

Ehrenburg, a former Franciscan convent built in 1220 and turned into a palace in 1543–1549. It was repeatedly renovated until the 19th century. Ehrenburg was gutted by fire in 1690 and rebuilt in a Baroque style, with stucco work by North Italian craftsmen that includes a "Hall of the Giants" (which contains a plaque that states it was the location of the first meeting between Britain's Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
and Franz Josef Emperor of Austria in 1860). The internal decoration dates from the late 17th to early 18th centuries. Its Gothic Revival exterior was remodelled by Karl Friedrich Schinkel
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
in the 19th century. It now also houses a museum as well as a library. Stadtkirche St. Moriz ("St. Maurice", 14th–16th centuries), is a Gothic edifice on the Hallenkirche
Hallenkirche
plan with two towers. The interior, remade in the 18th century, include the notable funerary moment of Duke Johann Casimir for his parents, a 13 m-tall alabaster sculpture painted with statue and reliefs (1595–1598). The medieval Veste Coburg, one of the biggest castles in Germany, built starting in 1225 (upon the site of an 11th-century chapel). It was mostly rebuilt in the 19th century. It has a triple line of walls with numerous towers. Today the Veste Coburg
Veste Coburg
is home to three museums. One is the Fürstenbau (ducal palace), with many furnished rooms of the Dukes of Coburg, including the apartment where Martin Luther
Martin Luther
lived in 1530. Probably the most notable room in the castle (unique in all of Germany) is the Jagdzimmer (hunting room) of 1632, which is entirely made of marquetry wood inlay, done up with over 60 marquetry panels, deeply coffered marquetry ceilings and a wood paneled floor. Another museum is the Rüstkammer (armory), containing the largest collection of medieval armour and weaponry in Germany, with over 10,500 items. The third is the Kunstsammlungen, which contains a collection of 300,000 copperplate engravings (Kupferstich-Kabinett), a 20,000 piece coin collection (Münzkabinett), a 7,000 piece documentation collection (Briefe & Urkunden), and a 3,500 piece glassware collection (Gläser-Sammlung). Gymnasium Casimirianum, a Renaissance building begun in 1601 Arsenal (1616–21). Landestheater Coburg, a Neoclassical theatre on Schlossplatz, whose other landmarks include the Ehrenburg, the Palais Edinburgh (1865), the Arkaden (1840) Reithalle (1852) and Marstall (rebuilt in 1920). Coburg
Coburg
Doll Museum. Natural history museum (de). Coburger Rathaus (de), the town hall, part of the ensemble of structure on the market market square (de) that also includes the Stadthaus (see below), the former Beyersches Haus, the Hof-Apotheke (de), the Stadtbrunnen (fountain) and the central statue of Prince Albert. The seat of the public administration of Coburg
Coburg
was moved here in 1438. The original Gothic building proved to be too small and after 1570 the town bought additional properties and erected a Renaissance building at the corner with Ketschengasse. In another rebuilding in 1750-2 both structures were merged. The appearance of the town hall changed, only the round bay on the corner remained. The old roofs were replaced by the current garret roof and the colourful paintings were added to the façade in the 18th century. Another renovation took place in 1903, when the balcony to the market square was added and stairwell and entrance were redesigned.[2]:57–8 Stadthaus (de), a late Renaissance building from 1597–9 built under Duke Johann Casimir to house the ducal administration. It occupies the complete northern side of the market square.[2]:66–7 Rose Garden, park. Callenberg Castle, with Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
family art collection and National Shooting Museum. Schloss Rosenau near Coburg. St. Augustin, Catholic parish church opened in 1860. The Baroque Basilica of the Vierzehnheiligen, 20 kilometres (12 miles) outside the town.

Arts and culture[edit] Coburg
Coburg
is home to two major festivals: Samba-Festival Coburg (de) and Johann Strauss Musiktage. Coburg
Coburg
is referred to as "Europe's Capital of Samba."[13] As a result of the large presence of the US Army prior to German re-unification, Americans and American culture are still present in Coburg
Coburg
and the surrounding area. This influence ranges from American-style pubs and restaurants to two sports clubs sponsoring[14] baseball teams. Trivia[edit] The National Hot Dog and Sausage Council
National Hot Dog and Sausage Council
asserts that Frankfurt
Frankfurt
is traditionally credited with originating the frankfurter. According to the Council, this claim is disputed and that the hot dog was created in the late 17th century by Johann Georghehner, a butcher, living in Coburg.[15] Coburg
Coburg
was the first German town to elect a Nazi
Nazi
Mayor. A popular local delicacy is the Coburger Bratwurst, a sausage (the official measure of which is denoted by the Marshall's staff held by the statue of the town's patron, Sankt Mauritius, located on the town hall and overlooking the square) roasted over a pine cone fire.[2]:58 The sausage is served in a Semmel (a small bread bun, a third the size of the sausage itself), and is highly popular with locals and tourists alike. Coburg Peak
Coburg Peak
on Trinity Peninsula
Trinity Peninsula
in Graham Land, Antarctica
Antarctica
is named after the town, in connection with the Bulgarian royal house of Coburg (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha).[16] Infrastructure[edit] Transport[edit] Car[edit] Coburg
Coburg
can be reached by car via B 303 Schweinfurt-Coburg-Schirnding, B 4 Hamburg-Coburg- Nuremberg
Nuremberg
or motorway A 73 Suhl-Coburg-Nuremberg. Railways[edit] Main article: Railway stations in Coburg Coburg
Coburg
has four train stations:

Coburg-Neuses Coburg-Nord Coburg
Coburg
main station Coburg-Creidlitz

From the main station one can go to Lichtenfels, Bamberg, Forchheim, Erlangen, Fürth
Fürth
and Nuremberg, to Neustadt bei Coburg, Sonneberg, to Bad Rodach
Bad Rodach
and to Kulmbach, Neuenmarkt-Wirsberg. Since December 2017, the Coburg
Coburg
station is served by Intercity Express
Intercity Express
high speed trains of the Munich-Nuremberg-Coburg-Erfurt-Berlin(-Hamburg) line (Nuremberg– Erfurt
Erfurt
high-speed railway). Airports[edit] Small planes can land on the two airfields:

Coburg
Coburg
Brandensteinsebene (ICAO-Code: EDQC, founded in 1912) Coburg
Coburg
Steinrücken (ICAO-Code: EDQY)

Large airports nearby are in Frankfurt, Erfurt
Erfurt
and Nuremberg. Local public transport system[edit] The public transport system in Coburg
Coburg
is operated by SÜC (Stadt- und Überlandwerke Coburg) with 9 bus lines. The OVF (Omnibus Verkehr Franken) covers Coburg's surrounding countryside with an additional 11 bus lines. Notable people[edit] Besides various royalty, other famous individuals associated with Coburg
Coburg
include Hans Berger
Hans Berger
(graduated), William Frishmuth (born), and Eduard Study (born).

In 1887, Johann Strauss, also known as the Waltz King, left Vienna when the Roman Catholic Church forbade his divorce from his second wife. So he moved to Lutheran
Lutheran
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha with his future third wife Adele, where he lived the last 13 years of his life in Coburg. He was, however, buried in Vienna. In 1922, Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
led several hundred stormtroopers in a march through the city, fighting pitched street battles with communists. During the Nazi
Nazi
era, the Coburg Badge
Coburg Badge
(made to honor the participants) was one of the most prestigious party medals.

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, May 1860

Hans Morgenthau, (1904–1980), founder of International Relations
International Relations
as a field of study, was born here. Fritz Mollwitz, (1890–1967), professional baseball player, was born here. Baroness Louise Lehzen, (1784–1870), governess and confidante of Queen Victoria, lived here. Prince Albert (1819–1861), husband of Queen Victoria, was born in Schloss Rosenau. Leopold I of Belgium, was born here, to Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

More sons and daughters of the town[edit] Born before 1900[edit]

Princess Charlotte Wilhelmine of Saxe-Coburg- Saalfeld
Saalfeld
(1685–1767), Princess and Countess of Hanau-Münzenberg Princess Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen
Princess Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen
(1710–1767), Duchess of Saxony-Gotha and Altenburg Anton Schweitzer
Anton Schweitzer
(1735–1787), composer Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg- Saalfeld
Saalfeld
(1737–1815), Austrian Field Marshal Johann Christian August Clarus
Johann Christian August Clarus
(1774–1854), physician Gustav König (1808–1869), painter Alexander von Mensdorff-Pouilly
Alexander von Mensdorff-Pouilly
(1813–1871), Austrian statesman Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(1818–1893) Leopold I of Belgium
Leopold I of Belgium
(1790–1865), first king of the Belgians Heinrich Rückert (1823–1875), historian and Germanist Felix Draeseke
Felix Draeseke
(1835–1913), composer Max Brückner (de) (1836–1919), theater painter Princess Amalie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(1848–1894), Princess and Duchess in Bavaria Bernhard Fischer
Bernhard Fischer
(1852–1915), hygienist Eduard Study (1862–1930), mathematician Anna Ritter
Anna Ritter
(née Nuhn, 1865–1921), poet and writer Otto Appel (1867–1952), phytomedicine doctor Hans Berger
Hans Berger
(1873–1941), neurologist and psychiatrist Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(1878–1942), Princess of Great Britain and Ireland and a member of the House of Saxony-Coburg and the Gotha family and later by marriage Princess to Hohenlohe-Langenburg Louis Oppenheim
Louis Oppenheim
(1879–1936), utility graphic artist Fred Immler (1880–1965), actor Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(1884–1954), the last Duke of Saxony- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha Fritz Mollwitz (1890–1967), baseball player in the USA

Born after 1900[edit]

Yvonne Desportes
Yvonne Desportes
1930

Hans Morgenthau
Hans Morgenthau
(1904–1980), jurist and political scientist Kurt Eccarius
Kurt Eccarius
(1905-died after 1969), head of the detention area in Sachsenhausen concentration camp Ernst Kupfer
Ernst Kupfer
(1907–1944), fighter pilot in the Second World War Yvonne Desportes
Yvonne Desportes
(1907–1993), French composer Sibylle of Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (1908-1972) Princess of Sweden married to hereditary prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden and mother to King Carl XVI Gustav of Sweden Günther Weißenborn (1911–2001), pianist, composer and conductor Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs (1912–1954), astronomer Wolfgang Stammberger (1920–1982), politician (FDP, SPD), Member of Bundestag, Federal Minister of Justice, Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
of Coburg Heinrich Strecker (1922–2013), professor of statistics and mathematics Werner Scheler (born 1923), physician and pharmacologist Hubertus Ernst (1938–2016), entrepreneur Tatunca Nara (born 1941), German-Brazilian impostor Klaus Volk (born 1944), lawyer and criminal lawyer Klaus-Peter Göpfert (born 1948), wrestler Klaus Janson
Klaus Janson
(born 1952), American comic artist Martin May (born 1961), actor, author and narrator Bernd Friedmann
Bernd Friedmann
(born 1965), musician and producer Frank Greiner (born 1966), footballer Claudia Porwik (born 1968), tennis player Andreas Hackethal (born 1971), professor Julia Stoschek (born 1975), art collector Martin Forkel
Martin Forkel
(born 1979), footballer Andreas Wolf
Andreas Wolf
(born 1990), handball player Marius Wolf
Marius Wolf
(born 1995), footballer

References[edit]

^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Klüglein, Norbert (1991). Coburg
Coburg
Stadt und Land (German). Verkehrsverein Coburg.  ^ "Etymologie-Newsletter". Etymologie.info.  ^ David Duff, Victoria and Albert (1972), p. 9 ^ Man of the Year, TIME Magazine, 2 January 1939 ^ Oltmann, Joachim (18 January 2001). "Seine Königliche Hoheit der Obergruppenführer (German)". Zeit Online. Retrieved 14 July 2016.  ^ The Milwaukee Journal – Google News Archive Search ^ Schmidt, Oliver. "Von 1933 bis heute: Die Unternehmensgeschichte der HUK-COBURG (German)". HUK Coburg. Retrieved 1 June 2016.  ^ Schmidt, Oliver (2 April 2014). "Auch Brose kritisiert Erhöhung der Gewerbesteuer in Coburg
Coburg
(German)". In Franken (joint newspaper website). Retrieved 1 June 2016.  ^ a b "Statistik Kommunal 2014 (German)" (PDF). Bayerisches Statistisches Landesamt. Retrieved 1 June 2016.  ^ "VGR der Länder, Kreisergebnisse für Deutschland – Bruttoinlandsprodukt, Bruttowertschöpfung in den kreisfreien Städten und Landkreisen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2000 bis 2013 (German)". Statistische Ämter der Länder und des Bundes. Retrieved 1 June 2016.  ^ " Coburg
Coburg
und seine Partnerstädte (German)". Stadt Coburg. Retrieved 2 January 2017.  ^ DAAD – Studieren in Deutschland ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 February 2006. Retrieved 17 March 2006.  ^ National Hot Dog & Sausage Council ^ Coburg
Coburg
Peak. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica.

Further reading[edit]

John M. Jeep, ed. (2001). "Coburg". Medieval Germany: an Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing. ISBN 0-8240-7644-3. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coburg.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Coburg.

Coburg
Coburg
Tourist Board World sites atlas Schloss- und Gartenverwaltung Coburg Twin towns of Coburg

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Bavaria
Bavaria
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Amberg Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bamberg Bayreuth Coburg Erlangen Fürth Hof Ingolstadt Kaufbeuren Kempten Landshut Memmingen München (Munich) Nürnberg (Nuremberg) Passau Regensburg Rosenheim Schwabach Schweinfurt Straubing Weiden Würzburg

Rural districts

Aichach-Friedberg Altötting Amberg-Sulzbach Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bad Kissingen Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Bamberg Bayreuth Berchtesgadener Land Cham Coburg Dachau Deggendorf Dillingen Dingolfing-Landau Donau-Ries Ebersberg Eichstätt Erding Erlangen-Höchstadt Forchheim Freising Freyung-Grafenau Fürstenfeldbruck Fürth Garmisch-Partenkirchen Günzburg Haßberge Hof Kelheim Kitzingen Kronach Kulmbach Landsberg Landshut Lichtenfels Lindau Main-Spessart Miesbach Miltenberg Mühldorf München (Munich) Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Neumarkt Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim Neustadt an der Waldnaab Neu-Ulm Nürnberger Land Oberallgäu Ostallgäu Passau Pfaffenhofen Regen Regensburg Rhön-Grabfeld Rosenheim Roth Rottal-Inn Schwandorf Schweinfurt Starnberg Straubing-Bogen Tirschenreuth Traunstein Unterallgäu Weilheim-Schongau Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Wunsiedel Würzburg

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 152462976 LCCN: n82037