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Chiniot
Chiniot
(Urdu, Punjabi: چنیوٹ) is a city and the administrative headquarter of Chiniot District
Chiniot District
in the state of Punjab, Pakistan. On the bank of the river Chenab, it is known for its intricate wooden furniture, architecture, and mosques, and is home to the Omar Hayat Mahal.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early 1.2 Mughal 1.3 Rajput
Rajput
Sial 1.4 Sikh 1.5 British

2 Geography

2.1 Location 2.2 Topography 2.3 Climate

3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Education 6 Libraries 7 Transport and communication 8 Culture

8.1 Islamic occasions 8.2 Furniture 8.3 Sport

9 Notable people 10 See also 11 Gallery 12 Notes 13 External links

History[edit] Early[edit] The origins of Chiniot
Chiniot
are obscure, and historical records accurately detailing its founding are unavailable.[2] According to some accounts, the city was founded by an ancient king's daughter named Chandan, who while on a hunting expedition, was charmed by the surrounding area, and ordered the construction of the settlement of Chandaniot,[3] alternatively spelt Chandniot,[4] which was named in her honour. The name Chiniot, a contracted version of the original name, eventually gained favour,[5] though the older name had been used up until at least the 1860s.[6] Mughal[edit] During Mughal rule, Chiniot
Chiniot
was governed as part of the subah, or province, of Lahore. The city reached is zenith under the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, and his governor of the area, Nawab Sadullah Khan of the Thahim tribe,[3] who served between 1640 and 1656.[7] Under Sadullah Khan's governorship, Chiniot's famous Shahi Mosque was built.[3] Chiniot's artisans were renowned for their skill during the Mughal era, and were employed in the decoration of the Taj Mahal, and Lahore's Wazir Khan Mosque.[4] Rajput
Rajput
Sial[edit] Following the collapse of Mughal authority after the death of Emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
in 1707, the local Sial tribe of Rajputs under the rule of Walidad Khan was officially granted governorship of the area on account of his loyalty to the Delhi throne.[3] Though nominally a part of the declining Mughal realm, Walidad Khan forged an largely independent state in western Punjab that controlled the region between Mankera
Mankera
and Kamalia[3] Chiniot
Chiniot
suffered heavily during the Durrani invasion of the late 1748.[3] Sikh[edit] The Sial state around Chiniot
Chiniot
was encroached upon by Sikh chieftains in the north, and from Multani chiefs in the south, before coming under control of the Bhangi Sikhs by 1760.[3] The Sikhs imposed an annual tribute on the Sial chief, Inayatullah Khan, which he ceased paying in 1778 before also capturing Chiniot.[3] He died in 1787, though the city had reverted to Bhangi Sikh rule before his death.[3] The city suffered during the Sikh Misl states period in which the city region's Bhangis battled the Sukerchakia Misl.[3] Chiniot
Chiniot
was captured by Ranjit Singh
Ranjit Singh
in 1803, and thereafter became part of the Sikh Empire.[3] The city was invested in Sial chief Ahmad Khan, who promised to pay tribute to Ranjit Singh's kingdom.[3] Khan stopped paying tribute, and briefly seized full control of the region in 1808, but was decisively defeated by Ranjit Singh's forces in 1810.[3] British[edit] The city came under British rule by 1849, and the city was constituted as a municipality in 1862.[3] In 1875, the city's population was 11,999.[3] During the British period, a vast network of canals were laid to irrigate Punjab, resulting in the creation of many new "canal colonies" around Chiniot.[4] Chiniot's famous Omar Hayat Mahal
Omar Hayat Mahal
was built between 1923 and 1935 for a businessman who made his fortune in Calcutta.[8] Geography[edit] Location[edit] Chiniot
Chiniot
is at the intersection of the Faisalabad- Sargodha
Sargodha
and Lahore- Jhang
Jhang
roads. It is 158 kilometres northwest from Lahore
Lahore
and 38 kilometres north of Faisalabad. Chiniot
Chiniot
city is spread over an area of 10 square kilometers with an average elevation of 179 meters (587 ft). Rabwah
Rabwah
city, the headquarters of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is on the other side of the Chenab
Chenab
River. In the center of river a worship center (or Chilla Gah) of the Sufi Bu Ali Shah Qalandar
Bu Ali Shah Qalandar
is located. Topography[edit] Chiniot
Chiniot
city lies on left bank of the Chenab
Chenab
River, and is located on a small rocky hill. Much of the surrounding area consists of alluvial plains, interspersed with rocky outcroppings of slate and sandstone that reach up to 400 feet in height around Chiniot.[6] Climate[edit]

Chiniot

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    18     19 8

    35     22 11

    24     27 16

    13     33 20

    17     39 25

    48     40 28

    82     35 27

    87     35 27

    43     34 25

    9     32 20

    11     27 14

    12     21 9

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Source: [9]

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    0.7     66 46

    1.4     72 52

    0.9     81 61

    0.5     91 68

    0.7     102 77

    1.9     104 82

    3.2     95 81

    3.4     95 81

    1.7     93 77

    0.4     90 68

    0.4     81 57

    0.5     70 48

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

The weather in Chiniot
Chiniot
is variable.

Climate data for Chiniot
Chiniot
(1961–1990)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 19 (66) 22 (72) 27 (81) 33 (91) 39 (102) 39 (102) 35 (95) 35 (95) 34 (93) 32 (90) 27 (81) 21 (70) 30.3 (86.5)

Average low °C (°F) 8 (46) 11 (52) 16 (61) 20 (68) 25 (77) 28 (82) 27 (81) 27 (81) 25 (77) 20 (68) 14 (57) 9 (48) 19.2 (66.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 18 (0.71) 35 (1.38) 24 (0.94) 13 (0.51) 17 (0.67) 48 (1.89) 82 (3.23) 87 (3.43) 43 (1.69) 9 (0.35) 11 (0.43) 12 (0.47) 399 (15.7)

Source: My Weather[10]

Demographics[edit] According to the 1998 census, the population of Chiniot
Chiniot
was 965,124 (included urban 172,522). According to the 2010 estimated census, the urban population of Chiniot
Chiniot
is 201,781.[citation needed] The language spoken is Punjabi. Chiniot
Chiniot
is home to a large community of Rajputs of the Sial tribe,[2] as well as Rajputs of the Chaddhar tribe.[11] The city also has a large community of Khoja, who converted from Hinduism around the turn of the first millennium CE.[12] Chiniot
Chiniot
is home to a small community of Thahims, who claim descent from Arabs in Multan
Multan
- though most had left during the Sial conflicts in the late 18th century.[2] Around Chiniot
Chiniot
are found members of the Lali tribe, the Harral tribe of Jats, and Nassowana Jats.[11] Economy[edit] The important products of Chiniot
Chiniot
includes silk, cotton, wheat, sugar, rice, milk, pottery, wooden furniture, etc. The city's agricultural economy is largely derived from "canal colonies" established during British rule when a vast network of canals were laid to irrigate Punjab.[4] Chiniot
Chiniot
is famous for his wooden furniture,[13] and developed as a centre of woodworking given its close proximity to the Chenab
Chenab
River - as timber from Kashmir
Kashmir
would be floated down the river towards Chiniot.[4] Chiniot's artisans are renowned for their skill, and were employed in the construction of both ther Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal
and Wazir Khan Mosque.[4] The city's metalworkers, along with those of Lahore, were considered the best in Punjab during the British period,[14] and Chinioti designs and were considered superior to those of Hoshiarpur or Jalandhar.[14] Chaudri Sugar Mills is located at Faisalabad
Faisalabad
road. Education[edit]

A side view of the building of Chenab
Chenab
College Chiniot

Educational institutions in Chiniot
Chiniot
include

Unified Science College & High School Chiniot The Superior College The KIMS college chiniot (Khatm e nabuwat institute of modern sciences) Masoomeen Foundation High School Chiniot Din College[15] Chenab
Chenab
College, Chiniot National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences
National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences
(NUCES),[16] Govt.Islamia College Chiniot.[17] Govt High School Salara Chiniot Govt Al Islah High School Chiniot Govt Islamia High School Chiniot

Libraries[edit] After his death, Sheikh Omar Hayat's palace Omar Hayat Mahal
Omar Hayat Mahal
was converted into a library by the government of Pakistan. Transport and communication[edit] Chiniot
Chiniot
is connected with the rest of Pakistan
Pakistan
by a main highway and rail line. The nearest international airport is Faisalabad International Airport, which is 48.5 kilometres from Chiniot. The railway track is the easiest and cheapest way of transportation. Chiniot
Chiniot
railway is a main source of transporting the furniture from Chiniot
Chiniot
to the rest of Pakistan; it is a main source of importing the wood for furniture from all over Pakistan. Chiniot Railway Station was built in 1927 during British empire. It was a great step for the local economy. Khatm-e-Nabuwat Chowk
Khatm-e-Nabuwat Chowk
is the main place of and main intersection between GT roads connecting large cities of Pakistan. Chiniot
Chiniot
Bridge is crossing over Chenab
Chenab
river on the Chiniot- Sargodha
Sargodha
road. Culture[edit]

The interior of Chiniot's 17th century Shahi mosque is richly decorated with Mughal frescoes.

Chiniot-style 'Kunna Gosht'

Islamic occasions[edit] In Chiniot
Chiniot
people celebrate Islamic occasions with great arrangements. On 12 Rabi' al-awwal, 1440th birthday celebration of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, people of Chiniot
Chiniot
arranged a 63-maund cake, one of the largest cakes in the world.[18] Furniture[edit] Chiniot
Chiniot
is known for its furniture. Chinioti craftsmen and artisans have for centuries carved flowers and geometric patterns onto cellulose fibres. Masons from Chiniot
Chiniot
are thought to have been employed during the construction of the Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal
and Golden Temple.[19] Sport[edit] Cricket
Cricket
is the most popular sport in Chiniot. Football is also played in Chiniot. Other popular sports include Hockey, Volleyball, Basketball, Badminton, Tennis, Kabbadi, and Horse racing. Notable people[edit]

Mian Muhammad
Muhammad
Mansha, third richest person in Pakistan, owner of the MCB Bank Limited
MCB Bank Limited
and Nishat Group. Mian Habib Ullah, ex Minister, President of FPCCI, Ambassador to Cyprus Muhammad
Muhammad
Nawaz, General Muhammad
Muhammad
Nawaz Ex DG Rangers Punjab. Sheikh Omar Hayat, owner of Omar Hayat Mahal Qaiser Ahmed Sheikh, politician and ex Chairman of chamber of commerce karachi Nasir Chinyoti, a famous stage drama comedy actor Saqlain Anwar Sipra, politician in Bhawana Syed Inayat Ali Shah, politician (MNA) Muhammad
Muhammad
Masood Lali, politician (MPA) Maulana Ilyas Chinioti, politician (MPA) Wazir Khan, a court physician in Mughal Empire, famous for the Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore.

See also[edit]

Pakistan
Pakistan
portal

Bhawana Lalian Sheikhan Abu Saeed Shahi Mosque

Gallery[edit]

Road goes to river Chenab
Chenab
from Muhammad
Muhammad
Wala

Notes[edit]

^ http://population.mongabay.com/population/pakistan/1181096/chiniot Urban population according to 2010 GEOnames ^ a b c Steedman, E. B. (1882). Report on the Revised Settlement of the Jhang
Jhang
District of the Punjab, 1874-1880. W. Ball.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Gazetteer of the Jhanq District. Punjab Government Press. 1884.  ^ a b c d e f Hasan, Arif; Raza, Mansoor (2009). Migration and Small Towns in Pakistan. IIED. ISBN 9781843697343.  ^ Journal of Central Asia. Centre for the Study of the Civilizations of Central Asia, Quaid-i-Azam University. 1992.  ^ a b London, Linnean Society of (1862). Journal: Botany.  ^ Thahim, Abdul Razak A. (1980). Book on History of Ancient Arab Tribe Tamim. A.R.A. Thahim.  ^ Ali, Aown (2015-12-03). "Umar Hayat Mahal: Chiniot's dying 'wonder'". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2018-02-02.  ^ "Climate chart of Chiniot". My Weather. Retrieved 15 August 2011.  ^ "Climatological Information for Chiniot", My Weather, web: My Weather. ^ a b Nijjar, B. S. (2008). Origins and History of Jats and Other Allied Nomadic Tribes of India: 900 B.C.-1947 A.D. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. ISBN 9788126909087.  ^ Steedman, E. B. (1882). Report on the Revised Settlement of the Jhang
Jhang
District of the Punjab, 1874-1880. W. Ball.  ^ Gupta, Om (2006). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan
Pakistan
and Bangladesh. Gyan Publishing House. ISBN 9788182053922.  ^ a b Watt, Sir George (1903). Indian Art at Delhi 1903: Being the Official Catalogue of the Delhi Exhibition 1902-1903. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 9788120802780.  ^ " Din College in Chiniot". University of the Punjab. Retrieved 17 August 2011.  ^ "FAST-NU – Campus". www.nu.edu.pk. Retrieved 2015-10-15.  ^ http://www.ilm.edu.pk ^ "Celebration of 12 Rabi' al-awwal
Rabi' al-awwal
and in Aashora-e-Muharram, there are many Imam Barghas were regularly conducting Aashora Majalis in the respect of Shahadat e Imam-e-Hussain(A.S). Sunni and Shia Brothers are regularly participating in this occasion. They construct eight numbers of Tazia's in the honour of Hazrat Imam Hussain (alaha salam) which are very beautiful and unique". Dunya News. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2011.  ^ http://www.apnaorg.com/articles/shirazi-1/

External links[edit]

Chiniot Tehsil Municipal Administration's official site Chiniot
Chiniot
Map

Muhammad
Muhammad
Wala View

v t e

Neighbourhoods of Chiniot

Administration: Chiniot
Chiniot
District

Tehsils

Bhawana Chiniot Lalian

Cities

Bhawana Rabwah
Rabwah
( Chenab
Chenab
Nagar) Chiniot
Chiniot
(capital) Lalian

Towns & councils

Barana Chak no 145 JB Salaray Hakmey Wala Hussainabad (Nalka Adda) Jamia Abad Muhammadi Sharif Pathan Kot Rao Bagh Rajoa Sadat Satellite Town School Khanoana Sheikhan Tahli Mangeni Thatta
Thatta
Musa

Localities

Adlana Ahmeda Nagar Arbianwala Baloana, Chiniot Beriyanwala Chak 145 Salaray Chak No 226 Jb Darutta Fata Kot Taja Handlana Haveli Bata Kot Nijabat Mangoana Mauza Sulemaan Mouza Talib Nithar Ke Ramana Samunder Sherabad Taja Berwala Thatta
Thatta
Jhamb

Website: TMA Chiniot

v t e

Major cities in Pakistan

Islamabad
Islamabad
Capital Territory

Islamabad*

Punjab

Attock Bahawalpur Burewala Chakwal Chiniot Faisalabad Gujar Khan Gujranwala Gujrat Jhang Jhelum Kasur Kharian Lahore** Mianwali Multan Murree Rahim Yar Khan Rawalpindi Sadiqabad Sahiwal Sargodha Sheikhupura Sialkot Taxila Toba Tek Singh

Sindh

Badin Hyderabad Jacobabad Karachi** Khairpur Larkana Mirpurkhas Nawabshah Sukkur Thatta

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
& FATA

Abbottabad Bannu Battagram Chitral Charsada D.I.Khan Haripur Kohat Mansehra Mardan Nowshera Peshawar** Swat Swabi Timergara Tank

Balochistan

Chaman Gwadar Khuzdar Quetta** Ziarat

Azad Kashmir

Bagh Bhimber Kotli Mirpur Muzaffarabad** Rawalakot

Gilgit–Baltistan

Gilgit Skardu

*Federal capital **Provincial/Territorial capitals

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 238168862 GN