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Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
(Thai: เชียงราย, pronounced [t͡ɕʰīaŋ.rāːj]; Lanna: ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦᩁᩣ᩠ᨿ, pronounced [tɕiaŋ.haːj] is the northernmost province of Thailand. It is bordered by the Shan State of Myanmar
Myanmar
to the north, Bokeo Province
Bokeo Province
of Laos
Laos
to the east, Phayao to the south, Lampang to the southwest, and Chiang Mai to the west.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Symbols 5 Administrative divisions 6 Transportation

6.1 Air 6.2 Boat 6.3 Rail 6.4 Road

7 Ethnic groups 8 Art 9 Local foods 10 Hospitals 11 References 12 External links

Geography[edit] The average elevation of the province is 580 metres (1,900 ft). The north of the province is part of the so-called Golden Triangle, where the borders of Thailand, Laos
Laos
and Burma converge, an area which prior to the rise of agricultural production of coffee, pineapple, coconuts, and banana plantations, was unsafe because of drug smuggling across the borders. The Mekong
Mekong
River forms the boundary with Laos, the Mae Sai and Ruak River
Ruak River
with Burma. Through the town of Chiang Rai itself, flows the "Mae Kok" Kok River
Kok River
and south of it the Lao River, a tributary of the Kok. While the eastern part of the province is characterized by relatively flat river plains, the northern and western part consist of the hilly terrain of the Thai highlands
Thai highlands
with the Khun Tan Range
Khun Tan Range
and the Phi Pan Nam Range in the west and the Daen Lao Range
Daen Lao Range
in the north. While not the highest elevation of the province, the 1,389-metre (4,557 ft) high[2] Doi Tung
Doi Tung
("flag hill") is the most important terrain feature. The Wat Phra That Doi Tung
Doi Tung
temple on top of the hill, according to the chronicles, dates back to the year 911. Nearby is the Doi Tung
Doi Tung
royal villa, former residence of the late princess mother (mother of the present king) Somdej Phra Srinagarindra. Thanks to her activities the hills were reforested, and the hill tribes diverted from growing opium poppies to other crops including coffee, bananas, coconuts, and pineapples. History[edit] Populations have dwelled in Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
since the 7th century and it became the center of the Lanna
Lanna
Kingdom during the 13th century. The region, rich in natural resources, was occupied by the Burmese until 1786. Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province's golden triangle bordering Laos
Laos
and Burma was once the hub of opium production. Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
became a province in 1910, after being part of the Lanna Kingdom for centuries. After Lanna
Lanna
was incorporated into Thailand, it remained an autonomous region and thus the Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
area was administered from Chiang Mai. Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province is a transit point for Rohingya refugees from Myanmar
Myanmar
(Burma) who are transported there from Sangkhlaburi district in Kanchanaburi Province.[3] Demographics[edit]

Doi Tung
Doi Tung
royal villa.

The majority of the population are ethnic Thai who speak Kham Muang among themselves, but 12.5% are of hill tribes origin, a sizeable minority in the north provinces. A smaller number are of Chinese descent, mainly descendants of the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
soldiers who settled in the region, notably in Santikhiri. Symbols[edit]

Orange trumpet (left) and Tree Jasmine (right)

The seal of the province shows a white elephant, the royal symbol, recalling that Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
was founded by King Mengrai, according to legend because his elephant liked the place. The provincial tree is the tree jasmine (Radermachera ignea), and the provincial flower is the orange trumpet (Pyrostegia venusta). The former provincial slogan was: "เหนือสุดในสยาม อร่ามดอยตุง ผดุงวัฒนธรรม รสล้ำข้าวสาร หอมหวานลิ้นจี่ สตรีโสภา ชาเลิศรส สัปปะรดนางแล" ("Northernmost in Siam, beautiful Doi Tung, repository of culture, most delicious rice, sweet and fragrant litchi, beautiful women, the finest flavoured tea, pineapple from Nang-Lae, source of the giant catfish). The current slogan is, "เหนือสุดในสยาม ชายแดนสามแผ่นดิน ถิ่นวัฒนธรรมล้านนา ล้ำค่าพระธาตุดอยตุง" ("The northernmost of Siam, the frontier of three lands, the home to the culture of Lanna
Lanna
and Doi Tung
Doi Tung
Temple")

Administrative divisions[edit]

King Mengrai Monument, Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province

Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
is divided into 18 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 124 sub-districts (tambon) and 1,751 villages (muban).

1 Mueang Chiang Rai 2 Wiang Chai 3 Chiang Khong 4 Thoeng 5 Phan 6 Pa Daet 7 Mae Chan 8 Chiang Saen 9 Mae Sai

10 Mae Suai 11 Wiang Pa Pao 12 Phaya Mengrai 13 Wiang Kaen 14 Khun Tan 15 Mae Fa Luang 16 Mae Lao 17 Wiang Chiang Rung 18 Doi Luang

Transportation[edit]

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Construction of a reinforced concrete bridge, Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province (2009)

Air[edit] Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
International Airport has domestic flights to both Bangkok airports, which connect to regional and international flights. Boat[edit] There is daily boat service between Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
and Tha Ton. Rail[edit] There is no railway system in Chiang Rai. The nearest station is Chiang Mai Railway Station. Road[edit] Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province is intersected by Asian Highway 2, which runs for over 13,000 km (over 8,000 miles) from Denpasar
Denpasar
in Indonesia
Indonesia
to Kosravi in Iran, and by Asian Highway 3, which runs for over 7,000 km (4,300 mi) from Kentung
Kentung
in Myanmar
Myanmar
to Ulan-Ude
Ulan-Ude
in Russia. Decent bus services are available in the province. In more remote areas, songthaews are the norm. Ethnic groups[edit]

Akha people

Khon Muang are the city folk who originally came from Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Lampang, and Phrae. Culturally, they design their houses having only one floor with wooden gable decorations called "ka-lae". They are known for their craftsmanship in wood carving, weaving, lacquer ware, and musical instruments. Tai Yai (Shan) are a Tai ethnic group who primarily live in what is now Shan State
Shan State
in Burma, and also in Mae Hong Son Province
Mae Hong Son Province
in Thailand. They grow rice, farm, raise cattle, and trade. Their craftsmanship lies in weaving, pottery, wood carving, and bronze ware. Akha have the largest population of any hill tribe in the region. Originating from Tibet and southern China, they dwell on high ground around 1,200 meters above sea level. Within their villages they build spirit gateways to protect them from evil spirits. Lahu (Musor) are also from the Yunnanese area and live in high areas. They are known as hunters and planters. Karen live in various areas of the region which have valleys and riverbanks. Chin Haw
Chin Haw
in Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
consist primarily of the former Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT army) who took refuge in the area, mainly in Santikhiri/Doi Mae Salong. Hmong from southern China, inhabit high ground. They raise livestock and grow rice, corn, tobacco, and cabbage. They are also known for their embroidery and silver. Tai Lue (Dai) live in dwellings of usually only a single room wooden house built on high poles. They are skilled in weaving. Lisu from southern China and Tibet are renowned for their colorful dress and also build their dwellings on high stilts. They harvest rice and corn and their men are skilled in hunting. Yao (Mien) reside along mountain sides and grow corn and other crops. They are skilled blacksmiths, silversmiths, and embroiders.

Phu Chi Fa mountain range

Art[edit]

Khao Soi

The area is known for its traditional Lanna
Lanna
music with instruments such as the sau (fiddle) and kaen (panpipe). The north of Thailand
Thailand
has its own distinctive art and crafts including bronze casting, carving, mulberry paper, Buddha images, and sign painting. Local handmade items popular with tourists are clay charcoal stoves, tea sets, brooms and dust pans, and umbrellas for shade and decoration.

Local foods[edit] The staple diet of local people consists of sticky rice (glutinous rice) which is rolled into balls and served in small handmade bamboo containers. The rice is served steamed and some add sweeteners for a dessert rice. Typical main dishes in the area are dishes of curried chicken or shrimp and particularly kaeng khanun (spicy jackfruit curry), kaeng yuak (banana stalk curry), sai ua (grilled pork sausage), and Yunnanese and Burmese rice noodles. Khao soi
Khao soi
is a noodle dish with chicken stock and chicken that is also popular. Nam ngiao
Nam ngiao
is a traditional noodle dish with chicken or pork. Hospitals[edit]

Overbrook Hospital (semi-private) Founded in 1903 by Dr. William A. Briggs, as a Missionary hospital. Kasemrad Sriburin General Hospital, Private hospital. Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Prachanukhro Hospital, Public hospital. Fort Mengraimaharaj Hospital, Military public hospital. Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Inter Hospital, Private hospital. Bangkok
Bangkok
Hospital - Chiang Rai, Private hospital by BDMS chain.

References[edit]

^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand
Thailand
(in Thai). 2017-12-31. Retrieved 24 Jan 2018.  ^ Geographical data ^ "Putrajaya's migrant deluge woes", The Star, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13 May 2015, http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/05/13/Putrajayas-migrant-deluge-woes-Emergency-meetings-held-to-find-solutions/

External links[edit]

Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
travel guide from Wikivoyage Provincial Website(Thai) Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand English News Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province

Places adjacent to Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province

 Shan State,  Myanmar

Bokeo Province,  Laos

Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province

Chiang Mai Province Lampang Province Phayao Province

v t e

Chiang Rai

Main article

Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Province

Capital city

Chiang Rai

Districts (amphoe)

Mueang Chiang Rai Chiang Khong Chiang Saen Doi Luang Khun Tan Mae Chan Mae Fa Luang Mae Lao Mae Sai Mae Suai Pa Daet Phan Phaya Mengrai Thoeng Wiang Chai Wiang Chiang Rung Wiang Kaen Wiang Pa Pao

Related topics

Mae Fah Luang University Mae Fah Luang International Airport Old Chiang Rai
Chiang Rai
Airport Ruak River Santikhiri The Naval City Pillar of Chiang Rai Wat Phra Kaew, Chiang Rai Wat Phra Sing, Chiang Rai Wat Phra That Doi Chom Thong Wat Rong Khun

v t e

Provinces of Thailand

Metropolitan

Bangkok
Bangkok
(Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) Nakhon Pathom Nonthaburi Pathum Thani Samut Prakan Samut Sakhon

North

Chiang Mai Chiang Rai Lampang Lamphun Mae Hong Son Nan Phayao Phrae Uttaradit

Northeast

Amnat Charoen Bueng Kan Buriram Chaiyaphum Kalasin Khon Kaen Loei Maha Sarakham Mukdahan Nakhon Phanom Nakhon Ratchasima Nong Bua Lamphu Nong Khai Roi Et Sakon Nakhon Sisaket Surin Ubon Ratchathani Udon Thani Yasothon

Central

Ang Thong Chai Nat Kamphaeng Phet Lopburi Nakhon Nayok Nakhon Sawan Phetchabun Phichit Phitsanulok Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Samut Songkhram Saraburi Sing Buri Sukhothai Suphan Buri Uthai Thani

East

Chachoengsao Chanthaburi Chonburi Prachinburi Rayong Sa Kaeo Trat

West

Kanchanaburi Phetchaburi Prachuap Khiri Khan Ratchaburi Tak

South

Chumphon Krabi Nakhon Si Thammarat Narathiwat Pattani Phang Nga Phatthalung Phuket Ranong Satun Songkhla Surat Thani Trang Yala

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153659671 GN