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Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(born John Charles Carter or Charlton John Carter; October 4, 1923 – April 5, 2008)[1][2] was an American actor and political activist.[3] As a Hollywood
Hollywood
star, he appeared in 100 films over the course of 60 years. He played Moses
Moses
in the epic film, The Ten Commandments (1956), for which he received his first nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama.[4] He also starred in Touch of Evil (1958) with Orson Welles, Ben-Hur (1959), for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, El Cid (1961), and Planet of the Apes (1968). He also starred in the films The Greatest Show on Earth (1952), Secret of the Incas
Secret of the Incas
(1954), The Big Country
The Big Country
(1958) and The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965).[5] A supporter of Democratic politicians and civil rights in the 1960s, Heston later became a Republican, founding a conservative political action committee and supporting Ronald Reagan. Heston's most famous role in politics came as the five-term president of the National Rifle Association, from 1998 to 2003. After being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 2003, he retired from both acting and the NRA presidency. Heston died on April 5, 2008, aged 84, from pneumonia.[6]

Contents

1 Early years 2 Career

2.1 World War II
World War II
service 2.2 New York 2.3 Hollywood 2.4 The Ten Commandments 2.5 Ben Hur 2.6 Planet of the Apes 2.7 70s action star 2.8 Later career

3 Political activism 4 Illness and death 5 Legacy 6 Filmography 7 Bibliography 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early years[edit] Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
was born on October 4, 1923, to Lilla (née Charlton, authentically Baines (1899-1994) and Russell Whitford Carter (1897-1966), a sawmill operator.[7][8] Many sources indicate he was born in Evanston, Illinois.[9][10][11][12] Heston's autobiography,[13] however stated otherwise. Yet other sources place his birth in No Man's Land, Illinois, which usually refers to a then-unincorporated area now part of Wilmette, a wealthy Chicago
Chicago
suburb.[citation needed] Heston said in a 1995 interview that he was not very good at remembering addresses or his early childhood.[14] Heston was partially of Scottish descent, including from the Clan Fraser, but the majority of his ancestry was English. His earliest immigrant ancestors arrived in America from England in the 1600s.[15][16][17][18][19] His maternal great-grandparents, and namesakes, were Englishman William Charlton from Sunderland
Sunderland
and Scotswoman Mary Drysdale Charlton. They emigrated to Canada, where his grandmother, Marian Emily Charlton, was born in 1872.[20] In his autobiography, Heston refers to his father participating in his family's construction business. When Heston was an infant, his father's work moved the family to St. Helen, Michigan.[21] It was a rural, heavily forested part of the state, and Heston lived an isolated yet idyllic existence, spending much time hunting and fishing in the backwoods of the area.[13] When Heston was 10 years old, his parents divorced after having three children. Shortly thereafter, his mother remarried and Charlton's younger sister Lilla and brother Alan moved back to Wilmette. Heston (his and his siblings' new surname) attended New Trier High School.[22] He recalled living there:

All kids play pretend games, but I did it more than most. Even when we moved to Chicago, I was more or less a loner. We lived in a North Shore suburb, where I was a skinny hick from the woods, and all the other kids seemed to be rich and know about girls.[23]:xii

Contradictions on paper and in an interview surround when "Charlton" became Heston's first name. The 1930 United States
United States
Census record for Richfield, Michigan, in Roscommon County, shows his name as being Charlton J. Carter at age six. Later accounts by sources and movie studio biographies say he was born John Charles Carter.[1] Interestingly, Charlton was his maternal grandmother Marian's maiden name,[20] not his mother Lilla's. This is contrary to how 20th century references read and what Heston said. When Heston's maternal grandmother and his true maternal grandfather Charles Baines[24] separated or divorced in the early 1900s, Marian (née Charlton) Baines married William Henry Lawton in 1907.[25] Charlton Heston's mother, Lilla, and her sister May were adopted by their grandfather, and changed their last name to Charlton in order to distance themselves from their biological father, Mr. Baines.[26][27] After the Carters divorced in 1933 and Lilla Carter married Chester Heston, Charlton, sister Lilla and brother Alan Carter became Heston although not legally adopted.[28] It was thus as Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
that he appeared in his first film with younger brother Alan (small role), an adaptation of Henrik Ibsen's Peer Gynt
Peer Gynt
(1941).[29] Heston was an Episcopalian, and has been described as "a spiritual man" with an "earthy flair," who "respected religious traditions" and "particularly enjoyed the historical aspects of the Christian faith."[30] Career[edit] Heston frequently recounted that while growing up in northern Michigan in a sparsely populated area, he often wandered in the forest, "acting" out characters from books he had read.[31] Later, in high school, he enrolled in New Trier's drama program, playing the lead role in the amateur silent 16 mm film
16 mm film
adaptation of Peer Gynt, from the Ibsen play, by future film activist David Bradley released in 1941.[11] From the Winnetka Community Theatre (or the Winnetka Dramatist's Guild, as it was then known) in which he was active, he earned a drama scholarship to Northwestern University; among his acting teachers was Alvina Krause.[32][33] Several years later, Heston teamed up with Bradley to produce the first sound version of William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, in which Heston played Mark Antony.[34] World War II
World War II
service[edit] In 1944, Heston enlisted in the United States
United States
Army Air Forces. He served for two years as a radio operator and aerial gunner aboard a B-25 Mitchell
B-25 Mitchell
medium bomber stationed in the Alaskan Aleutian Islands with the 77th Bombardment Squadron
77th Bombardment Squadron
of the Eleventh Air Force.[35][36] He reached the rank of staff sergeant. In March 1944 Heston married Northwestern University
Northwestern University
student Lydia Marie Clarke, who was six months his senior at Grace Methodist Church in downtown Greensboro, North Carolina. That same year, he joined the military. After his rise to fame, Heston narrated for highly classified military and Department of Energy instructional films, particularly relating to nuclear weapons, and "for six years Heston [held] the nation's highest security clearance" or Q clearance." The Q clearance is similar to a DoD or DIA clearance of top secret.[37] New York[edit]

Heston as Antony in Julius Caesar (1950)

After the war, Heston and Clarke lived in Hell's Kitchen, New York City, where they worked as artists' models. Seeking a way to make it in theatre, Heston and his wife Lydia decided to manage a playhouse in Asheville, North Carolina, in 1947, making $100 a week. In 1948, they returned to New York, where Heston was offered a supporting role in a Broadway revival of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra, starring Katharine Cornell. In television, Heston played a number of roles in CBS's Studio One, one of the most popular anthology dramas of the 1950s.[11] In 1949 Heston played Marc Antony
Marc Antony
in a televised production of Julius Caesar (1950). Film producer Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
of Casablanca spotted Heston in a 1950 television production of Wuthering Heights
Wuthering Heights
and offered him a contract. When his wife reminded Heston they had decided to pursue theater and television, he replied, "Well, maybe just for one film to see what it's like."[11] Hollywood[edit] Heston's first professional movie appearance was the leading role at age 27 in Dark City, a 1950 film noir produced by Hal Wallis.

Heston in Cecil B. DeMille's The Greatest Show on Earth (1952)

His breakthrough came when Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
cast him as a circus manager in The Greatest Show on Earth, which was named by the Motion Picture Academy as the best picture of 1952. It was also the most popular movie of that year. King Vidor
King Vidor
used Heston in a melodrama with Jennifer Jones, Ruby Gentry (1952). He followed it with a Western at Paramount, The Savage (1952), playing a white man raised by Indians. 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
used him to play Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
in The President's Lady
The President's Lady
(1953) opposite Susan Hayward. Back at Paramount he was Buffalo Bill
Buffalo Bill
in Pony Express (1953). He followed this with another Western, Arrowhead (1953). In 1953, Heston was Billy Wilder's first choice to play Sefton in Stalag 17. However, the role was given to William Holden, who won an Oscar for it. Hal Wallis reunited Heston with Lizabeth Scott
Lizabeth Scott
in a melodrama Bad for Each Other (1953). In 1954, he made two adventure films for Paramount. The Naked Jungle had him battle a plague of killer ants. He played the lead in Secret of the Incas, which was shot on location at the archeological site Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu
and had numerous similarities to Raiders of the Lost Ark. Filmed a quarter-century before the latter film, "Incas" included a tomb scene with the revelatory shaft of light pointing out a clue on a map and featured Heston's roguish antiquities thief's costume and light beard; Raiders' costume designer Deborah Nadoolman Landis
Deborah Nadoolman Landis
noted that it was "almost a shot for shot similar" to the film on which she worked.[38] Heston played William Clark, the explorer, in The Far Horizons
The Far Horizons
(1955) alongside Fred MacMurray. He tried a comedy The Private War of Major Benson (1955) at Universal, then supported Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
in a drama Lucy Gallant (1955). The Ten Commandments[edit]

Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
as Moses
Moses
in Cecil B. DeMille's The Ten Commandments (1956)

Heston became an icon for playing Moses
Moses
in the hugely successful biblical epic The Ten Commandments (1956), selected by director Cecil B. DeMille, who thought Heston bore an uncanny resemblance to Michelangelo's statue of Moses.[39] DeMille cast Heston's three-month-old son, Fraser Clarke Heston, as the infant Moses. The Ten Commandments became one of the greatest box office successes of all time and is the seventh highest-grossing film adjusted for inflation. His portrayal of the Hebrew prophet and deliverer was praised by film critics. The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter
described him as "splendid, handsome and princely (and human) in the scenes dealing with him as a young man, and majestic and terrible as his role demands it."[40] The New York Daily News
The New York Daily News
wrote that he "is remarkably effective as both the young, princely Moses
Moses
and as the Patriarchal savior of his people."[41] His performance as Moses
Moses
earned him his first nomination for the Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama and Spain's Fotogramas de Plata Award for Best Foreign Performer.

In Touch of Evil
Touch of Evil
(1958)

Heston went back to Westerns with Three Violent People
Three Violent People
(1957). Universal tried to interest him in a thriller starring Orson Welles, Touch of Evil; Heston agreed to be in it if Welles directed. The film has come to be regarded as a classic masterpiece. He also played a rare supporting role in William Wyler's The Big Country
The Big Country
opposite Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
and Burl Ives.[11] Heston got another chance to play Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson
in The Buccaneer (1958), produced by De Mille and starring Yul Brynner. Ben Hur[edit]

In Ben-Hur (1959)

After Marlon Brando, Burt Lancaster, and Rock Hudson[42] turned down the title role in Ben-Hur (1959), Heston accepted the role, winning the Academy Award for Best Actor, one of the unprecedented 11 Oscars the film earned. After Moses
Moses
and Ben-Hur, Heston became more identified with Biblical epics than any other actor. He later voiced Ben-Hur in an animated television production of the Lew Wallace
Lew Wallace
novel in 2003.[11] Heston followed it with The Wreck of the Mary Deare (1959) co-starring Gary Cooper, which was a box office disappointment. Heston turned down the lead opposite Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
in Let's Make Love to appear in Benn W. Levy's play The Tumbler, directed by Laurence Olivier.[43] Called a "harrowingly pretentious verse drama" by Time,[44] the production went through a troubled out-of-town tryout period in Boston and closed after five performances on Broadway in February 1960.[45] Heston, a great admirer of Olivier the actor, took on the play to work with him as a director. After the play flopped, Heston told columnist Joe Hyams, "I feel I am the only one who came out with a profit.... I got out of it precisely what I went in for – a chance to work with Olivier. I learned from him in six weeks things I never would have learned otherwise. I think I've ended up a better actor."[46] Heston enjoyed acting on stage, believing it revivified him as an actor. He never returned to Broadway, but acted in regional theatres. His most frequent stage roles included the title role in Macbeth, and Mark Antony
Mark Antony
in both Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopatra.[citation needed] He played Sir Thomas More
Thomas More
in A Man for All Seasons
A Man for All Seasons
in several regional productions in the 1970s and 1980s, eventually playing it in London's West End. The play was a success and the West End production was taken to Aberdeen, Scotland, for a week, where it was staged at His Majesty's Theatre.[citation needed] Samuel Bronston pursued Heston to play the title role in an epic shot in Spain, El Cid (1961), which was a big success. He was in a war film for Paramount, The Pigeon That Took Rome
The Pigeon That Took Rome
(1962), and a melodrama shot in Hawaii, Diamond Head (1963). Bronston wanted him for another epic and the result was 55 Days at Peking
55 Days at Peking
(1963), which was a box office disappointment. Heston focused on epics: he was John the Baptist
John the Baptist
in The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965); Michelangelo
Michelangelo
in The Agony and the Ecstasy (1965) opposite Rex Harrison; the title role in Major Dundee
Major Dundee
(1965), directed by Sam Peckinpah. The War Lord
The War Lord
(1965), directed by Franklin J. Schaffner, was on a smaller scale and critically acclaimed, though it fared poor commercially. In Khartoum (1966) Heston played General Charles Gordon. From 1965–71, Heston served as president of the Screen Actors Guild. The Guild had been created in 1933 for the benefit of actors, who had different interests from the producers and directors who controlled the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences. He was more conservative than most actors, and publicly clashed with outspoken liberal actors such as Ed Asner.[47] Counterpoint (1968) was a war film which was not particularly successful at the box office. Neither was the Western Will Penny (1968), directed by Tom Griesi; however Heston received excellent reviews and it was one of his favorite films. Planet of the Apes[edit] Heston had not been in a big hit for a number of years but in 1968 he starred in Planet of the Apes, directed by Schaffner, which was hugely popular. Less so was a football drama, Number One (1969) directed by Gries. Heston had a smaller supporting role in Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970), which was popular. However, The Hawaiians (1970), directed by Gries, was not. In 1970, he portrayed Mark Antony
Mark Antony
again in another film version of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. His co-stars included Jason Robards
Jason Robards
as Brutus, Richard Chamberlain
Richard Chamberlain
as Octavius, Robert Vaughn
Robert Vaughn
as Casca, and English actors Richard Johnson as Cassius, John Gielgud
John Gielgud
as Caesar, and Diana Rigg
Diana Rigg
as Portia.[11]

Drawing of Heston after he won an Oscar for Ben-Hur in 1959. Artist: Nicholas Volpe.

70s action star[edit] In 1971, he starred in the post-apocalyptic science-fiction film The Omega Man, which has received mixed critical reviews but was popular.[48] In 1972, Heston made his directorial debut and starred as Mark Antony in an adaptation of the William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
play he had performed earlier in his theater career, Antony and Cleopatra. Hildegarde Neil was Cleopatra and English actor Eric Porter was Ahenobarbus. After receiving scathing reviews, the film was never released to theaters, and is rarely seen on television. It was finally released on DVD in March 2011.[49] His next film, Skyjacked (1972) was a hit. However The Call of the Wild (1972) was a flop, one of Heston's least favorite films. He quickly recovered with a string of hits: Soylent Green
Soylent Green
(1973), another science fiction story; The Three Musketeers (1973), playing Cardinal Richelieu in an all-star cast; Earthquake (1974), a disaster film; Airport 1975
Airport 1975
(1975), another disaster film; Midway (1976) a war film. Heston's good run at the box office ended with Two-Minute Warning (1976), a disaster film, and The Last Hard Men (1976), a Western. He played King Henry VIII
King Henry VIII
for The Prince and the Pauper (1977), from the Musketeers team, then starred in a disaster film, Gray Lady Down (1978). Heston was in a Western written by his son, The Mountain Men
The Mountain Men
(1980) and a horror film, The Awakening (1980). He made his second film as a director Mother Lode (1982) also written by his son; it was a commercial disappointment. Later career[edit] From 1985-87, he starred in his only prime time stint on a television series in the soap, The Colbys. With his son Fraser, he produced and starred in several TV movies, including remakes of Treasure Island and A Man For All Seasons. In 1992, Heston appeared on the A&E cable network in a short series of videos, Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
Presents the Bible, reading passages from the King James version.[11] Never taking himself too seriously, he also made a few appearances as "Chuck" in Dame Edna Everage's shows, both on stage and on television. Heston appeared in 1993 in a cameo role in Wayne's World 2, in a scene where Wayne Campbell (Mike Myers) requests casting a better actor for a small role. After the scene is reshot with Heston, Campbell weeps in awe. That same year, Heston hosted Saturday Night Live. He had cameos in the films Hamlet, Tombstone, and True Lies.[11] He starred in many theatre productions at the Los Angeles Music Center, where he appeared in Detective Story and The Caine Mutiny Court Martial, and as Sherlock Holmes
Sherlock Holmes
in The Crucifer of Blood, opposite Richard Johnson as Dr. Watson. In 2001, he made a cameo appearance as an elderly, dying chimpanzee in Tim Burton's remake of Planet of the Apes. His last film role was as Josef Mengele
Josef Mengele
in My Father, Rua Alguem 5555, which had limited release (mainly to festivals) in 2003.[50] Heston's distinctive voice landed him roles as a film narrator, including Armageddon and Disney's Hercules. He played the title role in Mister Roberts three times and cited it as one of his favorite roles. In the early 1990s, he tried unsuccessfully to revive and direct the show with Tom Selleck
Tom Selleck
in the title role.[51] In 1998, Heston had a cameo role playing himself in the American television series Friends, in the episode "The One with Joey's Dirty Day".[11] Political activism[edit]

Heston at a congressional hearing in 1961

Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(left) with James Baldwin, Marlon Brando, and Harry Belafonte at the Civil Rights March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom 1963: Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
is in the background.

Heston at the 1963 Civil Rights March on Washington, DC with Sidney Poitier (left) and Harry Belafonte

Heston at the March on Washington in 1963

Heston's political activism had four stages.[52] In the first stage, 1955–61, he endorsed Democratic candidates for President, and signed on to petitions and liberal political causes. From 1961–72, the second stage, he continued to endorse Democratic candidates for President. Moving beyond Hollywood, he became nationally visible in 1963 in support of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil Rights Act of 1964
which was a mostly Republican agenda[53], giving a preview of his later political activism. From 1965–71, he served as the elected president of the Screen Actors Guild, and clashed with his liberal rival Ed Asner. In 1968, he used his "cowboy" persona to publicize gun control measures.[citation needed] The third stage began in 1972. Like many neoconservatives of the same era who moved from liberal Democrat to conservative Republican, he rejected the liberalism of George McGovern
George McGovern
and supported Richard Nixon in 1972 for President. In the 1980s, he gave strong support to Ronald Reagan during his conservative presidency. In 1995, Heston entered his fourth stage by establishing his own political action fund-raising committee, and jumped into the internal politics of the National Rifle Association. He gave numerous culture wars speeches and interviews upholding the conservative position, blaming media and academia for imposing affirmative action, which he saw as unfair reverse discrimination.[54] Heston campaigned for Presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson in 1956, although he was unable to campaign for John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
in 1960 due to filming on El Cid in Spain.[55] Reportedly, when in 1961 a segregated Oklahoma
Oklahoma
movie theater was showing his movie El Cid for the first time, he joined a picket line outside.[56] Heston made no reference to this in his autobiography but describes traveling to Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City to picket segregated restaurants, to the chagrin of the producers of El Cid, Allied Artists.[57] During the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom held in Washington, DC, in 1963, he accompanied Martin Luther King, Jr. In later speeches, he said he helped the civil rights cause "long before Hollywood
Hollywood
found it fashionable."[58] In the 1964 election, he endorsed Lyndon Baines Johnson, who had masterminded the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil Rights Act of 1964
through Congress over the vociferous opposition of Southern Democrats. That year, Heston publicly opposed California Proposition 14 that rolled back the state's fair housing law, the Rumford Fair Housing Act.[citation needed] In his 1995 autobiography, In the Arena, written after he became a conservative Republican, Heston wrote that while driving back from the set of The War Lord, he saw a " Barry Goldwater
Barry Goldwater
for President" billboard with his campaign slogan "In Your Heart You Know He's Right" and thought to himself, "Son of a bitch, he is right."[59] Heston later said that his support for Goldwater was the event that helped turn him against gun control laws.[60] Following the assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
in 1968, Heston, Gregory Peck, Kirk Douglas, and James Stewart
James Stewart
issued a statement in support of President Johnson's Gun Control Act of 1968.[61][62] The Johnson White House
White House
had solicited Heston's support.[63] He endorsed Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
in the 1968 Presidential election.[64] Heston opposed the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
during its course (though he changed his opinion in the years following the war)[65] and in 1969 was approached by the Democratic Party to run for the U.S. Senate against incumbent George Murphy. He agonized over the decision but ultimately determined he could never give up acting.[66] He is reported to have voted for Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
in 1972, though Nixon is not mentioned in his autobiography.[67] By the 1980s, Heston supported gun rights and changed his political affiliation from Democratic to Republican. When asked why he changed political alliances, Heston replied "I didn't change. The Democratic Party changed."[68] In 1987, he first registered as a Republican.[69] He campaigned for Republicans and Republican Presidents Ronald Reagan,[70] George H.W. Bush, and George W. Bush.[71] Heston resigned in protest from Actors Equity, saying the union's refusal to allow a white actor to play a Eurasian role in Miss Saigon was "obscenely racist".[72][73] Heston charged that CNN's telecasts from Baghdad were "sowing doubts" about the allied effort in the 1990–91 Gulf War."[42] At a Time Warner
Time Warner
stockholders' meeting, Heston castigated the company for releasing an Ice-T
Ice-T
album which included a song "Cop Killer" about killing police officers. While filming The Savage, Heston was initiated by blood into the Miniconjou
Miniconjou
Lakota Nation, saying that he had no natural American Indian heritage, but elected to be "Native American" to salvage the term from exclusively referring to American Indians.[13] In 1993, Heston teamed up with John Anthony West and Robert M. Schoch in an Emmy Award-winning NBC
NBC
special, The Mystery of the Sphinx. West and Schoch had proposed a much earlier date for the construction of the Great Sphinx
Great Sphinx
than generally accepted. They had suggested that the main type of weathering evident on the Great Sphinx
Great Sphinx
and surrounding enclosure walls could only have been caused by prolonged and extensive rainfall and that the whole structure was carved out of limestone bedrock by an ancient advanced culture (such as the Heavy Neolithic Qaraoun culture).[74] In a 1997 speech called "Fighting the Culture War in America", Heston rhetorically deplored a culture war he said was being conducted by a generation of media people, educators, entertainers, and politicians against:

... the God fearing, law-abiding, Caucasian, middle-class Protestant – or even worse, evangelical Christian, Midwestern or Southern – or even worse, rural, apparently straight – or even worse, admitted heterosexuals, gun owning – or even worse, NRA-card-carrying, average working stiff – or even worse, male working stiff – because, not only don’t you count, you are a down-right obstacle to social progress. Your voice deserves a lower decibel level, your opinion is less enlightened, your media access is insignificant; and frankly, mister, you need to wake up, wise up, and learn a little something from your new America; and until you do, would you mind shutting up?[75]

He went on to say:

The Constitution was handed down to guide us by a bunch of wise old dead white guys who invented our country! Now some flinch when I say that. Why! It's true-they were white guys! So were most of the guys that died in Lincoln's name opposing slavery in the 1860s. So why should I be ashamed of white guys? Why is "Hispanic Pride" or "Black Pride" a good thing, while "White Pride" conjures shaven heads and white hoods? Why was the Million Man March
Million Man March
on Washington celebrated by many as progress, while the Promise Keepers
Promise Keepers
March on Washington was greeted with suspicion and ridicule? I'll tell you why: Cultural warfare!

In an address to students at Harvard Law School
Harvard Law School
entitled "Winning the Cultural War", Heston said, "If Americans believed in political correctness, we'd still be King George's boys – subjects bound to the British crown."[76]

Heston with President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
during a meeting for the Presidential Task Force on the Arts and Humanities in the White House Cabinet Room, 1981

He said to the students:

You are the best and the brightest. You, here in this fertile cradle of American academia, here in the castle of learning on the Charles River. You are the cream. But I submit that you and your counterparts across the land are the most socially conformed and politically silenced generation since Concord Bridge. And as long as you validate that and abide it, you are, by your grandfathers' standards, cowards.[76]

During a speech at Brandeis University, he stated, "Political correctness is tyranny with manners".[77] In a speech to the National Press Club in 1997, Heston said, "Now, I doubt any of you would prefer a rolled up newspaper as a weapon against a dictator or a criminal intruder."[78] Heston was the president (a largely ceremonial position) and spokesman of the NRA from 1998 until he resigned in 2003. At the 2000 NRA convention, he raised a rifle over his head and declared that a potential Al Gore
Al Gore
administration would take away his Second Amendment rights "from my cold, dead hands".[79][80] In announcing his resignation in 2003, he again raised a rifle over his head, repeating the five famous words of his 2000 speech. Heston became an honorary life member.[81] In the 2002 film Bowling for Columbine, Michael Moore
Michael Moore
interviewed Heston at Heston's home, asking him about an April 1999 meeting the NRA held in Denver, Colorado, shortly after the Columbine high school massacre. Moore criticized Heston for the perceived thoughtlessness in the timing and location of the meeting. When Moore asked Heston for his thoughts on why gun-related homicide is so much higher in the United States
United States
than in other countries, Heston said it was because, "we have probably more mixed ethnicity" and/or that "we have a history of violence, perhaps more than most countries."[82] Heston subsequently, on-camera, excused himself and walked away. Moore was later criticized for having conducted the interview in what some viewed as an ambush.[83][84][85] The interview was conducted early in 2001, before Heston publicly announced his Alzheimer's diagnosis, but the film was released afterward, causing some to say that Moore should have cut the interview from the final film.[86] In April 2003, he sent a message of support to the American forces in the Iraq war, attacking opponents of the war as "pretend patriots".[87] Heston opposed abortion and introduced Bernard Nathanson's 1987 pro-life documentary, Eclipse of Reason, which focuses on late-term abortions. Heston served on the advisory board of Accuracy in Media, a conservative media watchdog group founded by Reed Irvine.[88] Illness and death[edit] In 1996, Heston had a hip replacement. He was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1998. Following a course of radiation treatment, the cancer went into remission. In 2000, he publicly disclosed that he had been treated for alcoholism at a Utah clinic in May–June of that year.[89]

Heston by Jerry Avenaim
Jerry Avenaim
in 2001

On August 9, 2002, he publicly announced (via a taped message) that he had been diagnosed with symptoms consistent with Alzheimer's disease.[90] In July 2003, in his final public appearance, Heston received the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
at the White House
White House
from President George W. Bush. In March 2005, various newspapers reported that family and friends were shocked by the progression of his illness, and that he was sometimes unable to get out of bed.[91] Heston died on the morning of April 5, 2008, at his home in Beverly Hills, California, with Lydia, his wife of 64 years, by his side. He was also survived by their son, Fraser Clarke Heston, and adopted daughter, Holly Ann Heston. The cause of death was not disclosed by the family.[92][93] A month later, media outlets reported his death was due to pneumonia.[94] Early tributes came in from leading figures; President George W. Bush called Heston "a man of character and integrity, with a big heart ... He served his country during World War II, marched in the civil rights movement, led a labor union and vigorously defended Americans’ Second Amendment rights." Former First Lady Nancy Reagan said that she was "heartbroken" over Heston's death and released a statement, reading, "I will never forget Chuck as a hero on the big screen in the roles he played, but more importantly I considered him a hero in life for the many times that he stepped up to support Ronnie in whatever he was doing."[95] Heston's funeral was held a week later on April 12, 2008, in a ceremony which was attended by 250 people including Nancy Reagan
Nancy Reagan
and Hollywood
Hollywood
stars such as California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, Olivia de Havilland, Keith Carradine, Pat Boone, Tom Selleck, Oliver Stone (who had cast Heston in his 1999 movie Any Given Sunday), Rob Reiner, and Christian Bale.[96][97][98] The funeral was held at Episcopal Parish of St. Matthew's Church in Pacific Palisades, the church where Heston had regularly worshipped and attended Sunday services since the early 1980s.[99][100] He was cremated and his ashes were given to his family.[101] Legacy[edit]

The handprints of Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
in front of The Great Movie Ride
The Great Movie Ride
at Walt Disney
Disney
World's Disney's Hollywood
Hollywood
Studios theme park

Richard Corliss
Richard Corliss
wrote in Time magazine, "From start to finish, Heston was a grand, ornery anachronism, the sinewy symbol of a time when Hollywood
Hollywood
took itself seriously, when heroes came from history books, not comic books. Epics like Ben-Hur or El Cid simply couldn't be made today, in part because popular culture has changed as much as political fashion. But mainly because there's no one remotely like Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
to infuse the form with his stature, fire, and guts."[102] In his obituary for the actor, film critic Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
noted, "Heston made at least three movies that almost everybody eventually sees: Ben-Hur, The Ten Commandments and Planet of the Apes."[103] Heston's cinematic legacy was the subject of Cinematic Atlas: The Triumphs of Charlton Heston, an 11-film retrospective by the Film Society of the Lincoln Center
Lincoln Center
that was shown at the Walter Reade Theatre from August 29 to September 4, 2008.[104] On April 17, 2010, Heston was inducted into the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum's Hall of Great Western Performers.[105] In his childhood hometown of St. Helen, Michigan, a charter school, Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
Academy, opened on September 4, 2012. It is housed in the former St. Helen Elementary School. Enrollment on the first day was 220 students in grades kindergarten through eighth.[106] Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
was commemorated on a United States
United States
postage stamp issued on April 11, 2014.[107] Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
was inducted as a Laureate of the Lincoln Academy of Illinois and awarded the Order of Lincoln (the State’s highest honor) by the Governor of Illinois in 1977 in the area of Performing Arts.[108] Filmography[edit] For a complete filmography, see Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
filmography. Bibliography[edit] by Heston:

In the Arena: An Autobiography (1997); ISBN 1-57297-267-X The Courage to be Free (2000), speeches ISBN 978-0-9703688-0-5 The Actors Life: Journals 1956–1976 (1978); ISBN 0-671-83016-3 Beijing Diary; ISBN 0-671-68706-9 To Be a Man: Letters to My Grandson; ISBN 0-7432-1311-4 Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
Presents the Bible; ISBN 1-57719-270-2 Charlton Heston's Hollywood: 50 Years in American Film with Jean-Pierre Isbouts; ISBN 1-57719-357-1

References[edit]

^ a b c Eliot, Marc. Hollywood's Last Icon: Charlton Heston, HarperCollins Publishing © 2017; ISBN 978-0-06-242043-5 (553 pages); pp. 11-12 address birthname controversy: "Then, as if to erase everything that reminded her son of Russell, Lilla told him his name was no longer John Charles Carter; from now on he was Charlton Heston." ^ The 1930 United States
United States
Census; Richfield, Roscommon County, Michigan. ^ Berkvist, Robert (April 6, 2008). "Charlton Heston, Epic Film Star and Voice of N.R.A., Dies at 84." The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2008. Charlton Heston, who appeared in some 100 films in his 60-year acting career, but who is remembered especially chiefly for his monumental, jut-jawed portrayals of Moses, Ben-Hur and Michelangelo, died Saturday night at his home in Beverly Hills, California. He was 84.  ^ "Charlton Heston". Golden Globe Awards Official Website. Retrieved August 18, 2015.  ^ Emilie Raymond, From My Cold, Dead Hands: Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
and American Politics, (2006), pp 4–5, 33 ^ "Charlton Heston's Last Sneer", SFGate.com, April 30, 2003. ^ Biography, Filmreference.com; retrieved November 14, 2011. ^ The 1900 United States
United States
Census; Cook County, Chicago, Illinois, United States. ^ Werling, Karen (April 16, 2008). "Appreciation: Charlton Heston's life as a Wildcat". North by Northwestern. Retrieved March 18, 2010.  ^ Berkvist, Robert (April 6, 2008). "Charlton Heston, Epic Film Star and Voice of N.R.A., Dies at 84". New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2010.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j " Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
biography". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 18, 2010.  ^ " Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
Biography". biography.com. March 18, 2010. Archived from the original on September 24, 2011. Retrieved December 11, 2014.  ^ a b c Heston, Charlton: In The Arena, Simon & Schuster, 1995; ISBN 0-684-80394-1. ^ Schultz, Rick (1995). "Appreciation: Charlton Heston's Interview, Articles & Tribute". Retrieved March 18, 2010.  ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
legend Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
was proud of Scots roots". Daily Record. April 7, 2008. Retrieved December 11, 2014.  ^ "Charlton Heston".  ^ "Do not believe everything you see in films". The Argus.  ^ "Park City Daily News - Google News Archive Search".  ^ Notable Kin: An Anthology of Columns First Published in the Nehgs Nexus, 1986-1995 by Gary B. Roberts, David Curtis Dearborn, John Anderson Brayton, Richard E. Brenneman, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Carl Boyer, 1997 page 21 ^ a b The 1880 United States
United States
Census; Chicago, Cook County, Illinois. ^ My Bay City article, February 5, 2006 Archived November 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. ^ Habermehl, Kris (January 25, 2007). "Fire Breaks Out At Prestigious High School". Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2008.  ^ Heston, Charlton. The Actor's Life, E.P. Dutton, N.Y. (1976) ^ [The 1900 United States
United States
Census; Chicago, Cook County, Illinois] ^ [Cook County, Illinois Marriages Index, 1871 - 1920] ^ Cook County, Illinois Marriage Indexes, 1912-1942. ^ The 1920 United State Census; Chicago, Cook County, Illinois. ^ Raymond, Emile (2006), From My Cold, Dead Hands: Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
and American Politics, University of Kentucky Press, p. 321, ISBN 0813171490  ^ Staff (1999). AFI Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States. University of California Press. p. 323. ISBN 0520215214. Retrieved December 11, 2014.  ^ Raymond, Emilie (2006-08-18). From My Cold, Dead Hands: Charlton Heston and American Politics. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813171490.  ^ Private Screenings: Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1998). Tcm.com; retrieved November 14, 2011. ^ "New Theater Honors Alvina Krause". Northwestern (magazine). Spring 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2013.  ^ Goode, James (December 15, 2004). "Ms. Alvina Krause". Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved December 2, 2013.  Please see also www.bte.org/alvina-krause ^ Brode, Douglas (April 27, 2000). Shakespeare in the Movies: From the Silent Era to Shakespeare in Love. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 102. ISBN 0-199-72802-X. Retrieved April 3, 2018.  ^ Mecca, Pete (December 10, 2013). "During World War II, Hollywood
Hollywood
got serious". Covnews.com. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved August 8, 2014.  ^ "Heston tribute to airmen". The Independent. 1997-08-02. Retrieved 2014-08-24.  ^ "Top Secret". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 18, 2011.  ^ Mike French & Gilles Verschuere (September 14, 2005). "Debora Nadoolman interview". TheRaider.net. Archived from the original on March 27, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2008.  ^ Orrison, Katherine (1999). Written in Stone: Making Cecil B. DeMille's Epic The Ten Commandments. Vestal Press. p. 15. ISBN 1461734819.  ^ "'The Ten Commandments': Read THR's 1956 Review". The Hollywood Reporter. October 5, 1956. Retrieved 22 August 2017.  ^ "Flashback: Original 1956 review of 'The Ten Commandments' in the Daily News". New York Daily News. November 9, 1956. Retrieved 22 August 2017.  ^ a b Thomas, Bob (April 6, 2008). "Film Legend Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
Dead at 84". Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 9, 2008.  ^ Rovin, Jeff (1977). The Films of Charlton Heston. New York: Lyle Stuart. p. 224. ISBN 978-0806505619.  ^ "The Theater: New Plays on Broadway". Time Magazine. March 7, 1960. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ "The Tumbler". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Hyams, Joe (March 3, 1960). "Heston Not Hurt By Flop Play". Toldeo Blade. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ Emilie Raymond, "The Agony and the Ecstasy: Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
and the Screen Actors Guild", Journal of Policy History (2005) 17#2, pp 217–39. ^ "The Omega Man". Rotten Tomatoes.  ^ Antony & Cleopatra: Movies & TV. Amazon.com. Retrieved on November 14, 2011. ^ Variety, February 12, 2004. ^ Heston, Charlton: In The Arena, Simon & Schuster, 1995, p. 479; ISBN 0-684-80394-1. ^ Raymond, From My Cold, Dead Hands, pp 5–7 ^ https://www.govtrack.us/congress/votes/88-1964/h182 ^ Steven J. Ross, Hollywood
Hollywood
Left and Right: How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics (2011), Chapter 7. 978-0-19-518172-2 ^ Mathews, Jay (May 2, 1986). "Charlton Heston, Statesman On the Set; For the 'Colbys' Star, Acting Is Only Part of the Job". The Washington Post. p. D1.  ^ Taylor, Quintard (1998). In Search of the Racial Frontier: African Americans in the American West. W.W. Norton & Company. p. 285. ISBN 978-0-393-31889-0.  ^ Heston, Charlton (1995). In The Arena. Simon & Schuster. p. 261. ISBN 0-684-80394-1.  ^ Goodrich, Terry Lee (February 13, 2000). "Heston decries political correctness at fund-raiser". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 5.  ^ Ross, Steven J. (2011). Hollywood
Hollywood
Left and Right:How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics. New York: Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press
USA. p. 288. ISBN 978-0195181722.  ^ Denning, Brandon P. (2012). Guns in American Society: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics, Culture, and the Law. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0313386701.  ^ David Plotz. NRA President Charlton Heston, slate.com; accessed July 1, 2015. ^ Charlton Heston, Gun-Controller!, slate.com; accessed July 1, 2015. ^ Ross, Steven J. Hollywood
Hollywood
Left and Right: How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics.  ^ Raymond, Emilie (2006). From My Cold, Dead Hands: Charlton Heston and American Politics. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. p. 5. ISBN 978-0813124087.  ^ Heston, Charlton: In The Arena, Simon & Schuster, 1995, pp. 381, 401–403. ISBN 0-684-80394-1. ^ Heston, Charlton: In The Arena, Simon & Schuster, 1995, p. 433; ISBN 0-684-80394-1. ^ Pulera, Dominic J. (2006). Sharing the Dream: White Males in Multicultural America. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-8264-1829-6.  ^ Raymond, Emilie (2006). From My Cold, Dead Hands Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
and American Politics. University Press of Kentucky. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-8131-2408-7.  ^ Raymond. From My Cold, Dead Hands: Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
and American Politics. p. 1.  ^ McDowell, Charles (September 14, 1997). "Charlton Heston, the Gun Lobbyist". Richmond Times Dispatch (Virginia). p. B1.  ^ Raymond, p. 276. ^ Karen Shimakawa (2002). National Abjection: The Asian American Body Onstage. Duke University Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 0822328232.  ^ Ross, Hollywood
Hollywood
Left and Right: How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics (2011), p. 307 ^ Schoch, Robert M. (1992). "Redating the Great Sphinx
Great Sphinx
of Giza" Archived February 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. in Circular Times (ed. Collette M. Dowell); retrieved December 17, 2008. ^ [1] Charlton Heston's Keynote Address at the Free Congress Foundation's 20th Anniversary Gala ^ a b Heston, Charlton. Winning the Cultural War, americanrhetoric.com, February 16, 1999. ^ "Heston Champions Second Amendment". CBS News. March 29, 2000.  ^ Gold, Dudley Susan. Open For Debate: Gun Control. Benchmark Books. January 2004. ^ Raymond, From My Cold, Dead Hands, pp 5–7, 241, 257. ^ Variety, "Gore fires back after Heston tirade", June 13, 2000. ^ Johnson, Jeff (April 25, 2003). "Heston to Step down as NRA President". The Nation. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008.  ^ Boyar, Jay (September 9, 2002). "Heston's remarks bring buzz to Moore's documentary". Orlando Sentinel.  ^ Russo, Tom (August 24, 2003). "Opposites attract, Charlton Heston, Michael Moore
Michael Moore
are a provocative pair". The Boston Globe.  ^ Ebert, Roger (June 18, 2004). "'9/11': Just the facts?". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 55.  "In some cases, [Moore] was guilty of making a good story better, but in other cases (such as his ambush of Charlton Heston) he was unfair..." ^ Whitty, Stephen (April 6, 2008). "The best action hero". The Star-Ledger.  ^ Staff (2008-04-06). "Screen Legend Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
Dead at 84". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-08-24.  ^ "Heston's war cry for troops". BBC. April 11, 2003. Retrieved July 1, 2015.  ^ "FAQ". Accuracy in Media. Retrieved April 6, 2008.  ^ Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
'feeling good' after alcohol rehab. ^ " Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
has Alzheimer's symptoms" Archived August 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., CNN
CNN
News. August 9, 2002. ^ " Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
– Heston In Rapid Decline", Contactmusic.com, March 6, 2005; retrieved November 14, 2011. ^ Welkos, Robert W. and Susan King. Charlton Heston, 84; actor played epic figures., Los Angeles Times, April 5, 2008; retrieved April 12, 2010. ^ Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
Dies at Beverly Hills Home, FoxNews.com, April 5, 2008; retrieved April 12, 2010. ^ "Document: Pneumonia
Pneumonia
Caused The Death Of Charlton Heston". Retrieved January 19, 2012.  ^ Ayres, Chris (April 7, 2008). "Charlton Heston, a star who defied the Hollywood
Hollywood
liberals, is dead". The Times Online. Los Angeles, California. Retrieved April 7, 2008.  ^ Politicians, actors and relatives gather for funeral of Hollywood icon Charlton Heston, International Herald Tribune; retrieved April 12, 2008. ^ "Stars attend Heston's LA funeral", BBC.co.uk; accessed April 13, 2008. ^ "Fraser Heston in conversation with James Byrne". Secret of the Incas web site. May 12, 2008. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved October 23, 2012.  ^ "Memorial to Mr. Charlton Heston". Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
World. Retrieved August 24, 2009.  ^ Bob Thomas (April 12, 2008). "Luminaries Attend Heston's Funeral". MSNBC. Retrieved August 24, 2009.  ^ "Stars Attend Heston's LA Funeral". BBC. April 13, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2010.  ^ Corliss, Richard (April 10, 2008). "Charlton Heston: The Epic Man", time.com; accessed December 11, 2014. ^ "Charlton Heston, Richard Widmark: Tough guys, strong presences". Chicago
Chicago
Sun-Times. April 10, 2008. Retrieved December 11, 2014.  ^ "Cinematic Atlas: The Triumphs of Charlton Heston". Film Society of the Lincoln Center. Archived from the original on September 1, 2008. Retrieved September 1, 2008.  ^ "Hall of Great Western Performers". National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum. Retrieved April 19, 2010.  ^ Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
Academy, charltonhestonacademy.com; retrieved August 16, 2012. ^ "Charlton Heston". USPSStamps.com. United States
United States
Postal Service. Retrieved June 23, 2014.  ^ "Laureates by Year - The Lincoln Academy of Illinois". 

Further reading[edit]

This section lacks ISBNs for the books listed in it. Please make it easier to conduct research by listing ISBNs. If the Cite book or citation templates are in use, you may add ISBNs automatically, or discuss this issue on the talk page. (April 2015)

Bernier, Michelle Bernier. Charlton Heston: An Incredible Life (2nd ed. 2009) excerpt and text search Raymond, Emilie. From My Cold, Dead Hands: Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
and American Politics (2006) excerpt and text search; biography by scholar focused on political roles Ross, Steven J. Hollywood
Hollywood
Left and Right: How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics (2011) ch 7 on Heston

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charlton Heston.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Charlton Heston

Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
on IMDb Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
at Find a Grave Reel Classics BBC News Obituary 'From Our Files: An Interview with Charlton Heston' by Phil Elderkin, The Christian Science Monitor, November 4, 1959. Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
papers, Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

Non-profit organization positions

Preceded by Marion P. Hammer President of the National Rifle Association 1998–2003 Succeeded by Kayne Robinson

v t e

Academy Award for Best Actor

1928–1950

Emil Jannings
Emil Jannings
(1928) Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
(1929) George Arliss
George Arliss
(1930) Lionel Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
(1931) Fredric March
Fredric March
/ Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
(1932) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1933) Clark Gable
Clark Gable
(1934) Victor McLaglen
Victor McLaglen
(1935) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1936) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1937) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1938) Robert Donat
Robert Donat
(1939) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1940) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1941) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1946) Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1950)

1951–1975

Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
(1951) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1952) William Holden
William Holden
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1962) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1963) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
(1968) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1969) George C. Scott1 (1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Marlon Brando1 (1972) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1973) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975)

1976–2000

Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1976) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1983) F. Murray Abraham
F. Murray Abraham
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1992) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1999) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2001) Adrien Brody
Adrien Brody
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

1 refused award that year

v t e

Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award

Y. Frank Freeman (1956) Samuel Goldwyn (1957) Bob Hope (1959) Sol Lesser (1960) George Seaton (1961) Steve Broidy (1962) Edmond L. DePatie (1965) George Bagnall (1966) Gregory Peck (1967) Martha Raye (1968) George Jessel (1969) Frank Sinatra (1970) Rosalind Russell (1972) Lew Wasserman (1973) Arthur B. Krim (1974) Jules C. Stein (1975) Charlton Heston (1977) Leo Jaffe (1978) Robert Benjamin (1979) Danny Kaye (1981) Walter Mirisch (1982) M. J. Frankovich (1983) David L. Wolper (1984) Charles "Buddy" Rogers (1985) Howard W. Koch (1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
/ Elizabeth Taylor (1992) Paul Newman (1993) Quincy Jones (1994) Arthur Hiller (2001) Roger Mayer (2005) Sherry Lansing (2007) Jerry Lewis (2009) Oprah Winfrey (2011) Jeffrey Katzenberg (2012) Angelina Jolie (2013) Harry Belafonte (2014) Debbie Reynolds (2015)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

v t e

David di Donatello
David di Donatello
Award for Best Foreign Actor

Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1957) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
/ Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1958) Jean Gabin
Jean Gabin
(1959) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1960) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1961) Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins
/ Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1962) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1963) Fredric March
Fredric March
/ Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1964) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1965) Richard Burton
Richard Burton
(1966) Richard Burton
Richard Burton
/ Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1967) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
/ Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1968) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1969) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
/ Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1970) Ryan O'Neal
Ryan O'Neal
(1971) Chaim Topol
Chaim Topol
(1972) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1973) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1974) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
/ Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
/ Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
(1975) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
/ Philippe Noiret
Philippe Noiret
(1976) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
/ Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1977) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1978) Richard Gere
Richard Gere
/ Michel Serrault
Michel Serrault
(1979) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
/ Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1980) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1981) Klaus Maria Brandauer
Klaus Maria Brandauer
(1982) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1983) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1984) Tom Hulce
Tom Hulce
(1985) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1986) Dexter Gordon
Dexter Gordon
(1987) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1988) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1989) Philippe Noiret
Philippe Noiret
(1990) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1991) John Turturro
John Turturro
(1992) Daniel Auteuil
Daniel Auteuil
(1993) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1994) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1995) Harvey Keitel
Harvey Keitel
(1996)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (1990s)

1990

Dizzy Gillespie Katharine Hepburn Risë Stevens Jule Styne Billy Wilder

1991

Roy Acuff Betty Comden
Betty Comden
and Adolph Green Fayard and Harold Nicholas Gregory Peck Robert Shaw

1992

Lionel Hampton Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward Ginger Rogers Mstislav Rostropovich Paul Taylor

1993

Johnny Carson Arthur Mitchell Sir Georg Solti Stephen Sondheim Marion Williams

1994

Kirk Douglas Aretha Franklin Morton Gould Harold Prince Pete Seeger

1995

Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B.B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon

1996

Edward Albee Benny Carter Johnny Cash Jack Lemmon Maria Tallchief

1997

Lauren Bacall Bob Dylan Charlton Heston Jessye Norman Edward Villella

1998

Bill Cosby Fred Ebb
Fred Ebb
and John Kander Willie Nelson André Previn Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
Black

1999

Victor Borge Sean Connery Judith Jamison Jason Robards Stevie Wonder

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Presidents of the Screen Actors Guild

Ralph Morgan
Ralph Morgan
(1933) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1933) Robert Montgomery (1935) Ralph Morgan
Ralph Morgan
(1938) Edward Arnold (1940) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) George Murphy
George Murphy
(1944) Robert Montgomery (1946) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(1947) Walter Pidgeon
Walter Pidgeon
(1952) Leon Ames
Leon Ames
(1957) Howard Keel
Howard Keel
(1958) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(1959) George Chandler
George Chandler
(1960) Dana Andrews
Dana Andrews
(1963) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1965) John Gavin
John Gavin
(1971) Dennis Weaver
Dennis Weaver
(1973) Kathleen Nolan
Kathleen Nolan
(1975) William Schallert
William Schallert
(1979) Edward Asner (1981) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1985) Barry Gordon (1988) Richard Masur
Richard Masur
(1995) William Daniels
William Daniels
(1999) Melissa Gilbert
Melissa Gilbert
(2001) Alan Rosenberg
Alan Rosenberg
(2005) Ken Howard
Ken Howard
(2009) Gabrielle Carteris (2016)

v t e

Screen Actors Guild
Screen Actors Guild
Life Achievement Award

1962: Eddie Cantor 1963: Stan Laurel 1965: Bob Hope 1966: Barbara Stanwyck 1967: William Gargan 1968: James Stewart 1969: Edward G. Robinson 1970: Gregory Peck 1971: Charlton Heston 1972: Frank Sinatra 1973: Martha Raye 1974: Walter Pidgeon 1975: Rosalind Russell 1976: Pearl Bailey 1977: James Cagney 1978: Edgar Bergen 1979: Katharine Hepburn 1980: Leon Ames 1982: Danny Kaye 1983: Ralph Bellamy 1984: Iggie Wolfington 1985: Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward 1986: Nanette Fabray 1987: Red Skelton 1988: Gene Kelly 1989: Jack Lemmon 1990: Brock Peters 1991: Burt Lancaster 1992: Audrey Hepburn 1993: Ricardo Montalbán 1994: George Burns 1995: Robert Redford 1996: Angela Lansbury 1997: Elizabeth Taylor 1998: Kirk Douglas 1999: Sidney Poitier 2000: Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
and Ruby Dee 2001: Ed Asner 2002: Clint Eastwood 2003: Karl Malden 2004: James Garner 2005: Shirley Temple 2006: Julie Andrews 2007: Charles Durning 2008: James Earl Jones 2009: Betty White 2010: Ernest Borgnine 2011: Mary Tyler Moore 2012: Dick Van Dyke 2013: Rita Moreno 2014: Debbie Reynolds 2015: Carol Burnett 2016: Lily Tomlin 2017: Morgan Freeman

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 41996890 LCCN: n50033841 ISNI: 0000 0003 6865 103X GND: 119351587 SELIBR: 307362 SUDOC: 057650268 BNF: cb135027554 (data) BIBSYS: 90945384 MusicBrainz: 1e183ac2-1573-4d8a-91a2-bd94290dc215 NLA: 35837995 NDL: 00620823 BNE: XX4579