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The Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
(CPI) is an American nonprofit investigative journalism organization whose stated mission is "to reveal abuses of power, corruption and dereliction of duty by powerful public and private institutions in order to cause them to operate with honesty, integrity, accountability and to put the public interest first."[1] With over 50 staff members, the CPI
CPI
is one of the largest nonpartisan, nonprofit investigative centers in America.[2] It won the 2014 Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for Investigative Reporting.[3] The CPI
CPI
has been described as an independent,[4][5] nonpartisan[6][7][8] and progressive[9] watchdog group.[6][10] The Center releases its reports via its website to media outlets throughout the U.S. and around the globe. In 2004, CPI's The Buying of the President book was on the New York Times
New York Times
bestseller list for three months.[11]

Contents

1 Mission 2 History

2.1 1989–2004 2.2 2005–2007 2.3 2007–present

3 Organizational structure

3.1 Funding 3.2 Board of directors

4 International Consortium of Investigative Journalists

4.1 Panama Papers

5 Ideology 6 Reports

6.1 CPI
CPI
Fat Cat Hotel 1996 6.2 CPI
CPI
Windfalls of War 2003 6.3 CPI
CPI
LobbyWatch 2005 6.4 CPI
CPI
Who’s Behind the Financial Meltdown? 2009 6.5 CPI
CPI
The Climate Change Lobby Explosion 2009 6.6 Tobacco Underground 2010 6.7 Sexual Assault on Campus 2010 6.8 Secrecy for Sale: offshore accounts 2013 to present 6.9 Professional fundraisers for veterans

7 Praise

7.1 Awards

8 Criticism

8.1 Funding from supporters of legal restrictions on campaign finance 8.2 Looting the Seas controversy 8.3 Coordination with advocacy groups

9 Published books 10 References 11 Further reading 12 See also 13 External links

Mission[edit] The mission of the CPI
CPI
is "to serve democracy by revealing abuses of power, corruption and betrayal of public trust by powerful public and private institutions, using the tools of investigative journalism."[12] History[edit] 1989–2004[edit] CPI
CPI
was founded in March 1989 by Charles Lewis, a former producer for ABC News
ABC News
and CBS News
CBS News
60 Minutes.[12][13][14] By the late 1980s Lewis observed that fewer resources—time, money and space—were being invested in investigative reporting in the United States by established news outlets and major publications.[15] In his book entitled 935 Lies: The Future of Truth and the Decline of America’s Moral Integrity Chuck Lewis recounted how he recruited two trusted journalists, Alejandro Benes and Charles Piller—whom he had met through his television work— to serve on the board of directors of the nascent CPI. All three had grown dissatisfied with what was being done in the name of investigative journalism by established news organizations.[15] They chose the name public integrity as a way of underlying the "ultimate purpose of investigative journalism" which is "to hold those in power accountable and to inform the public about significant distortions of the truth."[12][16] In their tenth anniversary Annual Report Piller described their first meetings in their "Boardroom—the cheap seats at the Baltimore
Baltimore
Orioles game. In May 1990, Lewis used the money he had raised and his house as collateral to open an 1,800-square-foot (170 m2) office in Washington, D.C.[14] In its first year, the CPI's budget was $200,000.[11] In 1996, CPI
CPI
launched its first website, although CPI did not begin to publish reports online until 1999.[11] In August 2000 the CPI
CPI
published a story entitled "Cheney Led Halliburton to Feast at Federal Trough: State Department Questioned Deal With Firm Linked to Russian Mob," in which the authors argued that while Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
was CEO of Halliburton—from 1995 to 2000—the company received "$3.8 billion in federal contracts and taxpayer-insured loans."[15][17] In 2001, Global Integrity, an international project, was launched to systematically track and report on openness, accountability and the rule of law in various countries. It has since been incorporated independently.[18] 2005–2007[edit] Lewis served as CPI's director until January 2005. As of his departure, CPI
CPI
had published 14 books and more than 250 investigative reports. In 2005, CPI
CPI
had a staff of 40 full-time Washington-based reporters who partnered with a network of writers and editors in more than 25 countries.[11] Years later, Lewis said he decided to leave his position at CPI
CPI
because "he didn't want it to become 'an institution that was Chuck's Excellent Adventure."[19] Lewis' departure surprised and upset philanthropists Herb and Marion Sandler, who had partially funded the CPI's activities.[20] In December 2004, CPI's board of directors chose television journalist Roberta Baskin as Lewis's successor. Baskin came to CPI
CPI
after directing consumer investigations for ABC News's 20/20 and serving as Washington correspondent for PBS's NOW with Bill Moyers.[21] Lewis wrote that "most of the Center’s carefully assembled, very talented, senior staff had quit by the fall of 2005."[11] In September 2005, CPI
CPI
announced that it had discovered a pattern of plagiarism in the past work of staff writer Robert Moore for CPI's 2002 book Capitol Offenders. CPI
CPI
responded by hiring a copy editor to review all of Moore's work, issuing a revised version of Capitol Offenders, sending letters of apology to all reporters whose work was plagiarized, authoring a new corrections policy, and returning an award the book received from Investigative Reporters and Editors.[22] Moore went on to work for a political consulting firm that specializes in opposition research.[23][24] In March 2007, Moore told the Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel
Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel
that the Center's official version "is not accurate in telling the full story of why I left the center," but did not elaborate.[24] Baskin led the organization until May 24, 2006.[25] Baskin was followed by Wendell Rawls Jr., who was named the center’s interim executive director. [26] Rawls had previously worked as the center's managing director — being named to that post by Baskin on Dec. 19, 2005. He joined CPI
CPI
in August 2005.[27] 2007–present[edit] In 2007, Rawls was succeeded by William Buzenberg, a vice president at American Public Media/ Minnesota
Minnesota
Public Radio.[28] Buzenberg was first interviewed for the position in 2004 during the hiring process that ultimately led to the selection of his predecessor, Roberta Baskin.[19] According to a report by Lewis, "the number of full-time staff was reduced by one-third" in early 2007.[11] By December 2007, the number of full-time staff had dropped to 25, down from a high of 40.[19] At the time, Buzenberg said "It's a great, great place, but I will not mislead you... [Lewis] quite frankly left the center in great shape financially, but when you have a visionary who leaves, how do you continue? 'With difficulty' is the answer."[19] Baskin publicly disputed Buzenberg's claims in a letter to the American Journalism Review
American Journalism Review
where she wrote, "contrary to the statement from current Executive Director Bill Buzenberg, the center was not left 'in great shape financially' by my predecessor. Much of the money raised during the year prior to my tenure was used to offset budget overruns on several previous projects. I replaced our director of development and made fundraising my number one priority, much as Buzenberg has done. As a rookie fundraiser, I take pride in the fact that I was able to raise millions of dollars."[22] In 2008, Lewis reflected on the transition period following his resignation and said, "I regret what happened to my staff and the condition of the Center. It’s no secret it had a less than enviable few years. But that’s one of the reasons I thought it was important to leave. I had founded it and run it for 15 years, and at some point the founder does have to leave the building...I don’t regret it, I think it was important that I left, but I do feel badly about the hardship it brought to people I think the world of."[29] In 2010, The Huffington Post
The Huffington Post
Investigative Fund merged into the CPI, and eight Huffington Post journalists moved to CPI.[2][30] In 2011, CPI
CPI
eliminated 10 staff positions in order to compensate for a $2 million budget shortfall. Buzenberg and other senior staffers also took salary cuts. CPI
CPI
board chairman Bruce Finzen said the budget would be “reduced between $2 million and $3 million, more like $2.5 million. The budget for next year will be in the 6 to 7 million range.” As of 2012, there were over 50 staffers at CPI, making it one of the largest nonpartisan, nonprofit investigative centers in the country.[2] In April 2011, with support from the Knight Foundation, CPI
CPI
launched iWatchnews.org as its main investigative reporting website.[31] In August 2012, CPI
CPI
stopped using iWatchnews.org and returned to its original domain.[32] Buzenberg stepped down from CPI
CPI
at the end of 2014, at which time Peter Bale was named CEO.[33] In November 2016, Bale resigned from the Center to "pursue other international media opportunities" and John Dunbar assumed the role of Chief Executive Officer.[34] Organizational structure[edit] Funding[edit] A list of CPI's donors may be found on the organization's official website.[35] CPI's annual reports are also available on the organization's website.[14] CPI
CPI
ceased accepting contributions from corporations and labor unions in 1996.[14] In its first year, CPI's budget was reported to be $200,000.[11] In 2010, CPI
CPI
had $9,264,997 in revenue and $7,708,349 in expenses.[36] CPI
CPI
reports receiving foundation support from a number of foundations, including the Sunlight Foundation, the Ethics and Excellence in Journalism Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Omidyar Network, the Open Society Foundation, and the Pew Charitable Trusts.[35] The Barbra Streisand Foundation reports that it has funded CPI.[37] In July 2014, the Laura and John Arnold Foundation donated $2.8 million to CPI
CPI
to launch a new project focused on state campaign finance. According to the International Business Times, "as CPI
CPI
was negotiating the Arnold grant, Arnold’s name was absent from a CPI report on pension politics." Arnold has spent at least $10 million on a campaign to roll back pension benefits for public workers.[38][39] Board of directors[edit] CPI's board of directors includes Elspeth Revere, Bill Kovach, Ninan Chacko, Bruce A. Finzen, Arianna Huffington, Richard M. Lobo, Craig Newmark, Gilbert Omenn, Dan Emmett, Matthew Granade, Jennifer 8. Lee, James A. Kiernan, Steve Kroft, Hendrik-Jan Laseur, Susan Loewenberg, Bevis Longsteth, Olivia Ma, Scott Siegler, Marianne Szegedy-Maszak, and Matt Thompson.[40] Past board directors include Christiane Amanpour, Sheila Coronel, and Molly Bingham. International Consortium of Investigative Journalists[edit] Main article: International Consortium of Investigative Journalists

International Consortium of Investigative Journalists
International Consortium of Investigative Journalists
(ICIJ) logo

In 1997, CPI
CPI
launched the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). This international network, based in Washington, D.C.,[41] includes 165 investigative reporters in over 65 countries.[42] Gerard Ryle is the director of ICIJ.[43] Its website publishes The Global Muckraker.[44] ICIJ is focused on issues such as "cross-border crime, corruption, and the accountability of power".[45] In 2013, the consortium reported having 160 member journalists from 60 countries.[45] The ICIJ brings together teams of international journalists for different investigations (over 80 for Offshore leaks). It organized the bi-annual Daniel Pearl
Daniel Pearl
Awards for Outstanding International Investigative Reporting. ICIJ staff members include Michael Hudson, while the Advisory Committee in 2013 included Bill Kovach, Phillip Knightley, Gwen Lister, and Goenawan Mohamad.[45] Panama Papers[edit] Main article: Panama Papers In April 2016, the ICIJ made headlines worldwide with the announcement that it and the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung
Süddeutsche Zeitung
had received a leaked set of 11.5 million confidential documents from a secret source, created by the Panamanian corporate service provider Mossack Fonseca. The Panama Papers
Panama Papers
provided detailed information on more than 214,000 offshore companies, including the identities of shareholders and directors.[46] The documents named the leaders of five countries — Argentina, Iceland, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine and the United Arab Emirates — as well as government officials, close relatives and close associates of various heads of government of more than 40 other countries, including Brazil, China, France, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Malta, Pakistan, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Syria and the United Kingdom.[47] The ICIJ and Süddeutsche Zeitung
Süddeutsche Zeitung
received the Panama Papers
Panama Papers
in 2015 and distributed them to about 400 journalists at 107 media organizations in more than 80 countries. The first news reports based on the set, along with 149 of the documents themselves,[48] were published on 3 April 2016.[49] Among other planned disclosures, the full list of companies is to be released in early May 2016.[50] Ideology[edit] A 2012 The New York Times
New York Times
editorial described the CPI
CPI
as a "nonpartisan watchdog group."[6] In relation to a story in February 1996, CPI
CPI
was characterized as a "liberal group" by The Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times
and The New York Times.[51][52] Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, a progressive media watchdog, has described CPI
CPI
as "progressive."[9] The Center describes itself as "strictly nonpartisan."[8] Reports[edit] CPI's first report, America's Frontline Trade Officials, reported that nearly half of White House trade officials studied over a fifteen-year period became lobbyists for countries or overseas corporations after retirement. According to Lewis, it "prompted a Justice Department ruling, a General Accounting Office report, a Congressional hearing, was cited by four presidential candidates in 1992 and was partly responsible for an executive order in January 1993 by President Clinton, placing a lifetime ban on foreign lobbying by White House trade officials."[11][15] CPI
CPI
Fat Cat Hotel 1996[edit] Main article: Lincoln Bedroom
Lincoln Bedroom
for contributors controversy In 1996, CPI
CPI
released a report called Fat Cat Hotel: How Democratic High-Rollers Are Rewarded with Overnight Stays at the White House. This report, written by Margaret Ebrahim, won an award from the Society of Professional Journalists. The report was an examination of the connection between overnight stays in the Lincoln Bedroom
Lincoln Bedroom
during the Clinton presidency and financial contributions to the Democratic Party as well as the Clinton re-election campaign.[53] CPI
CPI
Windfalls of War 2003[edit] In 2003, CPI
CPI
published Windfalls of War, a report arguing that campaign contributions to George W. Bush
George W. Bush
affected the allocation of reconstruction contracts in Afghanistan and Iraq.[54] Slate ran a piece arguing that due to a statistically insignificant correlation coefficient between campaign donations and winning contracts, " CPI
CPI
has no evidence to support its allegations."[55] CPI
CPI
LobbyWatch 2005[edit] CPI
CPI
first reports on LobbyWatch were released in 2005.[25] In their January 2005 publication entitled "Pushing Prescriptions" CPI
CPI
revealed that major pharmaceutical companies was the number one lobbyist in the United States spending $675 million over seven years on lobbying. They continued with this series in 2005 revealing how pharmaceutical companies had contacts even within the Food and Drug Administration and U.S. Trade Representatives. CPI
CPI
Who’s Behind the Financial Meltdown? 2009[edit] CPI's report, Who’s Behind the Financial Meltdown?,[56] looking at the roots of the global financial crisis, was featured in numerous media outlets, leading Columbia Journalism Review
Columbia Journalism Review
to ask, “Why hasn’t a newspaper or magazine done this?”[57] CPI
CPI
The Climate Change Lobby Explosion 2009[edit] More than 100 newspapers, magazines, wire services and websites cited CPI's report, The Climate Change Lobby Explosion, an analysis of Senate records showing that the number of climate lobbyists had grown by three hundred percent to four for every Senator.[58] Tobacco Underground 2010[edit] Tobacco Underground, an ongoing project tracing the global trade in smuggled cigarettes,[59] produced by CPI's International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, was honored with the prestigious Renner Award for Crime Reporting from Investigative Reporters and Editors (IRE), and the Overseas Press Club Award for Best Online International Reporting.[citation needed] The Tobacco Underground Project was funded by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Health. It is a cooperative project between the Center for Public Integrity's International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) and Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) with journalists in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania, Russia and Ukraine. Journalists in Brazil, Belgium, Canada, China, Italy, Paraguay and the UK also participated.[60] that won the Overseas Press Club Award and Investigative Reporters and Editors's Tom Renner Award for crime reporting.[61][62] Sexual Assault on Campus 2010[edit] In 2010, CPI
CPI
partnered with National Public Radio
National Public Radio
to publish "Sexual Assault on Campus",[63] a report which showcases the failures of colleges and government agencies to prevent sexual assaults and resolve sexual assault cases.[64] Secrecy for Sale: offshore accounts 2013 to present[edit] In 2013, International Consortium of Investigative Journalists released the results of a 15-month-long investigation based on 260 gigabytes of data regarding the ownership of secret offshore bank accounts. The data was obtained by Gerard Ryle as a result of his investigation into the Firepower scandal. The ICIJ partnered with the Guardian, BBC, Le Monde, the Washington Post, SonntagsZeitung, Süddeutsche Zeitung
Süddeutsche Zeitung
and NDR to produce an investigative series on offshore banking.[65][66] ICIJ and partnering agencies used the ownership information to report on government corruption across the globe, tax avoidance schemes used by wealthy people, the use of secret offshore accounts in Ponzi Schemes, the active role of major banks in facilitating secrecy for their clients, and the strategies and actors that make these activities possible.[67] In early 2014 the ICIJ revealed as part of their "Offshore Leaks" that relatives of China's political and financial elite were among those using offshore tax havens to store wealth.[68] Professional fundraisers for veterans[edit] In December 2017, CPI
CPI
journalist Sarah Kleiner published a report on professional fundraisers who use telemarketing to collect donations for US military veterans, then keep 90 percent of the funds collected.[69] According to the December 12, 2017 article, Brian Arthur Hampton co-founded two Falls Church, Virginia-based non-profit organizations: the Circle of Friends for American Veterans (COFAV)—also known as "American Homeless Veterans"—in 1993 and then the Center for American Homeless Veterans—also known as the "Association for Homeless and Disabled Veterans". During the 2000s, Hampton said he hosted "hosted more than 100 members of Congress across 196 veterans shelter-themed forums in 46 cities" in rallies for these non-profits.[69] Kleiner revealed that according to the 2015 Center for American Homeless Veterans’ tax returns, "it provided just $200 in grants to other organizations out of $2.5 million in overall expenditures, the vast majority of which paid telemarketers."[69] This report confirms findings from the investigation by the Saint Louis, Missouri
Saint Louis, Missouri
Better Business Bureau (BBB)[70] and CharityWatch.[71] The BBB had advised "consumers to exercise caution when deciding whether to contribute money" to Hampton's non-profit.[70] BBB also found that "[c]ontracts between the Center for American Homeless Veterans and "its two main fundraisers"—Reno, Nevada-based Outreach Calling and Phoenix, Arizona-based Midwest Publishing—revealed that "just 10 percent of all donations" go to the Center for American Homeless Veterans.[70] The BBB investigation also revealed that from September 2014 to September 2016, Outreach Calling and Midwest Publishing "collected nearly $5 million, with about $508,000 going to the [Center for American Homeless Veterans] and "almost all the money retained" by the Center, "went to pay salaries, legal fees and office-related expenses."[70] According to New York state regulators, "a wealthy 49-year-old New Jersey businessman", Mark Gelvan (b.1978), is the "driving force behind Outreach Calling."[72] Outreach Calling collects money for "homeless veterans," "breast cancer survivors", "disabled police officers", and "children with leukemia", among others.[72] According to a 2017 CPI
CPI
analysis, "Outreach Calling, raised more than $118 million on behalf of about two dozen charities from 2011 to 2015", retaining $106 million. This left c. 10.3 percent or $12.2 million, for the non-profit charities and those they serve - homeless veterans, breast cancer survivors, disabled police officers, and children with leukemia. In the United States, it is legal for for-profit telemarketers to keep 90% of the donations they solicit as long as they to not "mislead prospective donors" or "lie to them about how their contributions will be used", according to Jim Sheehan, "head of the charities bureau for the office of New York Attorney General
New York Attorney General
Eric T. Schneiderman."[72] Praise[edit] Kevin Phillips of National Public Radio
National Public Radio
has said, "no other investigative organization shines so many probing flashlights into so many Washington dirty-laundry baskets."[15] In 2006, Slate media critic Jack Shafer described CPI
CPI
as having "broken as many stories as almost any big-city daily in the last couple of decades".[73] Awards[edit] In 1996 the CPI
CPI
received the Society of Professional Journalists
Society of Professional Journalists
Sigma Delta Chi Award for Public Service in Online Journalism (Independent) for their report entitled "Fat Cat Hotel: How Democratic High-Rollers are Rewarded with Overnight Stays at the White House" by the Public i staff and Margaret Ebrahim.[74] CPI
CPI
received the George Polk Award in 2003 for its investigation of US military spending in Iraq and Afghanistan ("Windfalls of War: U.S. Contractors in Iraq and Afghanistan").[75] Its work led to widespread media coverage that increased congressional scrutiny of military spending.[76][77] In 2011, CPI
CPI
won a James Aronson Award for Social Justice Journalism for their investigation of weak inspections endangering factory workers and surrounding communities.[78] In 2012, CPI
CPI
reporter Michael Hudson won a "Best-in-Business" award for digital investigative reporting from the Society of American Business Editors and Writers. Hudson won the award for his report entitled The Great Mortgage Cover-Up.[79] CPI's work has also received awards from PEN USA, Investigative Reporters and Editors, the Society of Professional Journalists, the Association of Capitol Reporters and Editors, the National Press Foundation, the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy and others.[80] CPI
CPI
reporter Chris Hamby won the 2014 Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
for investigative reporting. Hamby's story reported that doctors and lawyers working for the coal industry helped defeat benefit claims of coal miners who had contracted black lung disease.[81] After CPI's Pulitzer win, Politico reported that " ABC News
ABC News
has accused The Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
of downplaying the network's contributions to a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative report, setting off a bitter public dispute between two news organizations that once worked as partners." CPI
CPI
executive director Bill Buzenberg said that ABC News
ABC News
overstated its contributions to the story.[82] Criticism[edit] Funding from supporters of legal restrictions on campaign finance[edit] Writing in The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
in March 2005, commentator John Fund accused CPI
CPI
of being a member of what he termed the "campaign finance lobby."[83] Citing a speech by Sean Treglia, former program manager at Pew Charitable Trusts, Fund argued that a "stealth campaign" by "eight liberal foundations" fomented a false sense of public demand for new restrictions on the financing of public campaigns.[83] Fund singled out CPI
CPI
as a front group pushing Pew's agenda, arguing that "reporters are used to attempts to hoodwink officials into thinking an issue is genuinely popular, and they frequently expose them. But when "good government" groups like the Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
engage in the same tactics, journalists usually ignore it."[83] CPI's Bill Allison responded to criticisms arising from Tregalia's speech by emphasizing that Pew's contributions to the CPI's work on campaign finance have always been forthrightly disclosed.[84] In a published argument with blogger Ryan Sager, Allison also disputed the notion that the CPI's work amounted to advocacy. Allison stated, "the purpose of our grants is to do things like code hundreds of thousands of public records, put them in a database and post them on our Website so anyone can use them. The amount of money we've gotten to push campaign finance reform is $0.[85] In another essay on CPI's website, Allison challenged CPI's critics, and Fund specifically, arguing that "[Fund] doesn't cite a single instance in which the Center has attempted to "hoodwink" government officials (or anyone else, for that matter) into thinking campaign finance is a genuinely popular issue, because he can't. We simply don't operate that way. We don't do public relations campaigns. We don't lobby Congress. We don't petition the Federal Election Commission. We don't pretend we have legions of individuals contributing money to support our work. Our paid membership amounts to around six thousand people; we'd certainly be happy to have more...as for Mr. Fund, back in the days when campaign finance issues were of concern to him, he sought us out to lend authority to his writings on John Huang and quoted us in an Oct. 29, 1996, column on the subject. Is it Mr. Fund's view that when he wrote about various DNC campaign finance violations, he was trying to hoodwink federal officials into thinking that people cared about the issue?[86] Looting the Seas controversy[edit] In November 2010, CPI
CPI
published a report on bluefin tuna overfishing entitled "Looting the Seas."[87] Politico
Politico
reported that "to obtain key information for the project, reporters accessed a database maintained by an intergovernmental fisheries regulatory body with a password given by a source, likely breaking the law." CPI's own lawyer and an outside law firm both determined that CPI's staff likely broke the law in obtaining information for the report. In addition, one of the experts quoted in the associated documentary was paid $15,000 as a project consultant to CPI.[88] The investigative methods used to produce the report became a point of contention within the organization when CPI
CPI
employee John Solomon made a number of accusations against the team that had worked on the series. CPI
CPI
board member and former New York Times
New York Times
Washington bureau chief Bill Kovach was asked by then- CPI
CPI
president William Buzenberg to look into the matter. Kovach concluded that CPI's reporting was "sound, ethical and fully in the public interest."[89] In addition, the board hired an outside law firm to answer the legal questions. Columbia Journalism Review reported: "As for the legality of using the password to access data, the lawyers concluded that, in theory, a prosecutor might argue it violated the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. But whether it actually did was open to debate. And, in any case, it was highly unlikely that charges would ever be brought." In the wake of the controversy, David Kaplan and John Solomon resigned from CPI. CPI officials also withdrew their entry of the tuna story for a Pulitzer Prize.[88] Andy Revkin of the New York Times
New York Times
wrote, "the relationship of the television production to a United Nations agency and an environmental group can prompt questions about objectivity, but the package, over all, appears robust."[90] The Looting the Seas series won two journalism awards: the Renner Award from Investigative Reporters and Editors[91] and the 2010 Whitman Bassow Award from the Overseas Press Club of America.[92] Coordination with advocacy groups[edit] In 2011, Politico
Politico
called into question CPI's collaboration with advocacy organizations. Politico
Politico
reported that CPI
CPI
had coordinated the release of a report on Koch Industries
Koch Industries
with Greenpeace. Politico
Politico
also reported that Pew Charitable Trusts, a funder of the Looting the Seas report, hosted a screening of a CPI
CPI
documentary and then organized a call to action with other NGOs for the protection of bluefin tuna. In 2008, CPI
CPI
published a report on tobacco that was both funded by and promoted by an advocacy group called Tobacco Free Kids.[93][94][95] Published books[edit]

Borders, Rebecca; Dockery, C.C. (1995). Beyond the Hill: A Directory of Congress from 1984 to 1993. University Press of America. ISBN 0-8191-9820-X.  Lewis, Charles; Benes, Alejandro; O'Brien, Meredith; The Center for Public Integrity (1996). The Buying of the President. Avon Books. ISBN 0-380-78420-3.  Fagin, Dan;; Lavelle, Marianne; The Center for Public Integrity (1997). Toxic Deception: How the Chemical Industry Manipulates Science, Bends the Law and Endangers Your Health. Carol Publishing Corporation. ISBN 1-55972-385-8. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Lewis, Charles; The Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
(1998). The Buying of the Congress: How Special
Special
Interests Have Stolen Your Right to Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness. Avon Books. ISBN 0-380-97596-3.  Green, Alan (1999). Animal Underworld: Inside America's Black Market for Rare and Exotic Species. Public Affairs. ISBN 1-58648-374-9.  Lewis, Charles; The Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
(2000). The Buying of the President 2000. Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-380-79519-1.  The Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
(2000). Citizen Muckraking: Stories and Tools for Defeating the Goliaths of Our Day. ISBN 1-56751-188-0.  Lewis, Charles; Allison, Bill; the Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
(2001). The Cheating of America: How Tax Avoidance and Evasion by the Super Rich Are Costing the Country Billions, and What You Can Do About It. William Morrow & Company. ISBN 0-380-97682-X.  Renzulli, Diane; Center for Public Integrity, The (2002). Capitol Offenders: How Private Interests Govern Our States. ISBN 1-882583-14-0.  The Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
(2003). Harmful Error. ISBN 1-882583-18-3.  The Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
(2003). The Water Barons: How a Few Powerful Companies are Privatizing Our Water.  Lewis, Charles; the Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
(2004). The Buying of the President 2004: Who's Really Bankrolling Bush and His Challengers--and What They Expect in Return. Harper Paperbacks. ISBN 0-06-054853-3.  Center for Public Integrity, The (2004). The Corruption Notebooks. ISBN 1-882583-19-1.  Center for Public Integrity, The (2005). Networks of Influence: The Political Power of the Communications Industry. Center for Public Integrity. ISBN 1-882583-20-5.  Center for Public Integrity, The (2007). City Adrift: New Orleans Before & After Katrina. Louisiana
Louisiana
State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-3284-5. 

References[edit]

^ "About The Center for Public Integrity". Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ a b c "PI reduces staff to compensate for $2 million budget hole". Poynter Institute. December 9, 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ "The 2014 Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
Winners Investigative Reporting". Pulitzer.org. Retrieved 2014-07-29.  ^ "Razzle-Dazzle 'Em Ethics Reform". New York Times. 26 June 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2015.  ^ Galvin, Kevin (1996). "Buchanan Campaign Chief Has Milita Ties". Associated Press.  ^ a b c "The States Get a Poor Report Card". New York Times. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2015.  ^ Goldstein, Steve (1996-02-16). "`Outsider' Runs Filled With `Insider' Advisers". Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer. Retrieved 19 June 2013.  ^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions". Center for Public Integrity. Archived from the original on 2012-06-15. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ a b "Spectrum Narrows Further in 2002: Progressive, domestic think tanks see drop". Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. July–August 2003. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ Rappeport, Alan (9 October 2015). " Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
Has a Fan in the James Bond Actor Daniel Craig". New York Times. Retrieved 27 November 2015.  ^ a b c d e f g h Lewis, Charles (April 1, 2007). "The Growing Importance of Non-Profit Journalism" (PDF). The Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy. Retrieved April 6, 2016.  ^ a b c Lewis, Charles (20 June 2014). "25 years, countless investigations and 935 lies". CPI. Retrieved 7 April 2016.  ^ "Faculty Profile: Charles Lewis". American University. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ a b c d "Annual Reports". The Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ a b c d e Keiger, Dale (November 2000). "An "i" Toward Tough Journalism". John Hopkins Magazine. Retrieved 7 April 2016.  ^ Lewis, Charles (2014). 935 Lies: The Future of Truth and the Decline of America’s Moral Integrity. PublicAffairs. ISBN 9781610391177.  ^ Royce, =Knut; Heller, Nathaniel (August 2000). "Cheney Led Halliburton to Feast at Federal Trough: State Department Questioned Deal With Firm Linked to Russian Mob". CPI.  Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Our Story". Global Integrity. Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012.  ^ a b c d Hartmann, Anath (December 2007). "Center of Attention". American Journalism Review.  ^ Nocera, Joe (2008-03-09). "The Money Issue". The New York Times.  ^ " Roberta Baskin Joins HHS as Adviser". Washington Post. August 3, 2009. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ a b Baskin, Roberta (February–March 2008). "Taken Aback". American Journalism Review.  ^ Prince, Richard (September 14, 2005). "What's in the Floodwater?". Maynard Institute. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013.  ^ a b Bice, Daniel (March 28, 2007). "Integrity washout finds niche dredging muck in court race". Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013.  ^ a b Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
Annual Report 2005 (PDF) (Report). Washington DC. 2006.  ^ "Takings Initiatives Accountability Project ... About This Project". CPI. September 1, 2006.  ^ "Pulitzer Winner Rawls Named Managing Director of the Center for Public Integrity". PR Newswire. December 19, 2005.  ^ "Alumni News Archives: Fall 2006". University of Michigan. Fall 2006. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2012.  ^ Mark Glaser (June 18, 2008). "Charles Lewis Tries to Solve -- Not Bemoan -- State of Investigative Journalism". PBS. Retrieved 2012-06-12.  ^ vega, Tanzina (3 April 2011). " Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
to Start New Site for Investigative Journalism". New York Times. Retrieved 27 November 2015.  ^ " Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
launches new investigative reporting site". John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. 2012-04-21. Retrieved June 12, 2012.  ^ "iWatchnews". Twitter. August 14, 2012. Retrieved 2013-06-19.  ^ Ehley, Brianna (December 2, 2014). "Former CNN International's Peter Bale to Lead the Center for Public Integrity". FishBowlDC. AdWeek. Retrieved 24 March 2015.  ^ "Change of leadership at the Center for Public Integrity". Center for Public Integrity. 2016-11-15. Retrieved 2016-12-21.  ^ a b "How the Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
is Funded". The Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ "Center for Public Integrity". Charity Navigator. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ "The Streisand Foundation". Barbra Streisand Foundation. Retrieved June 27, 2012.  ^ Sirota, David (6 August 2014). "Enron Mogul John Arnold Funds State Politics... And Now Journalism About Money in State Politics". International Business Times. Retrieved 12 August 2014.  ^ Reid, Tim (2014-06-25). " Texas
Texas
hedge fund billionaire seeks California
California
pension reform". Reuters. Retrieved 12 August 2014.  ^ "Board of Directors". Center for Public Integrity.  ^ Vasilyeva, Natalya; Anderson, Mae (3 April 2016). "News Group Claims Huge Trove of Data on Offshore Accounts". The New York Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 4 April 2016.  ^ "About the ICIJ". The Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  ^ "Gerard Ryle". Center for Public Integrity.  ^ "The Global Muckraker". International Consortium of Investigative Journalists.  ^ a b c ICIJ, About the ICIJ ^ Vasilyeva, Natalya; Anderson, Mae (3 April 2016). "News Group Claims Huge Trove of Data on Offshore Accounts". The New York Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 4 April 2016.  ^ "Panama Papers: The Power Players". International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.  ^ "DocumentCloud 149 Results Source: Internal documents from Mossack Fonseca (Panama Papers) – Provider: Amazon Technologies / Owner: Perfect Privacy, LLC USA". Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved 4 April 2016.  ^ Obermaier, Frederik; Obermayer, Bastian; Wormer, Vanessa; Jaschensky, Wolfgang (3 April 2016). "About the Panama Papers". Süddeutsche Zeitung. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.  ^ "The Panama Papers: Data Metholodogy". ICIJ. 3 April 2016. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.  ^ Broder, John (1996-02-16). "Buchanan Aide Suspended Over Hate Group Ties". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved 2001-01-31.  ^ "Mr. Buchanan Stumbles". The New York Times. 1996-02-17. Retrieved 2001-01-31.  ^ "Profile Margaret Ebrahim". Washington, DC: School of Communications, American University. Retrieved 2012-06-10.  ^ "Winning contractors". The Center for Public Integrity. 2003-10-30. Retrieved 2012-06-12.  ^ "Fables of the Reconstruction: Bush isn't really favoring Halliburton and Bechtel". Slate. 2003-11-03. Retrieved 2012-06-12.  ^ "Who's Behind the Financial Meltdown?", CPI, 2009, archived from the original on 2013-04-07  ^ Chittum, Ryan (7 May 2009). Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
Puts the Subprime Puzzle Together (Report). Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 4 April 2013.  ^ "Inhofe Exposes Cap and Tax Scheme in Obama Budget". Minority Page. Washington, DC: U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2013.  ^ "Tobacco Underground". Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project. Retrieved 2013-06-17.  ^ "Montenegro Reaches for Respectability With Port". New York Times. 2010-08-18.  ^ "Playing Defense". American Journalism Review. June 2010.  ^ "ICIJ Wins Tom Renner Award". OCCRP. 2009-04-02.  ^ "Sexual Assault on Campus". Center for Public Integrity.  ^ "Campus Rape Victims: A Struggle For Justice". National Public Radio. 2010-02-24. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ Pitzke, Marc. "Offshore Leaks: Vast Web of Tax Evasion Exposed". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 4 April 2013.  ^ "Offshore secrets: what is the Guardian investigation based on?". London: guardian.co.uk. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2013.  ^ Guevara, Marina Walker; Hager, Nicky; Cabra, Mar; Ryle, Gerard; Menkes, Emily. Who Uses the Offshore World (Report). Secrecy for Sale: Inside the Global Offshore Money Maze. International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. Retrieved 17 February 2015.  ^ Gerard Ryle (January 21, 2014). "China's elite linked to secret offshore entities". ICIJ. Retrieved January 21, 2014.  ^ a b c Kleiner, Sarah (December 12, 2017). "Veterans charity raises millions to help those who've served. But telemarketers are pocketing most of it: Professional fundraisers keep $9 out of every $10 generated by Virginia
Virginia
outfit that's now entering politics". Center for Public Integrity (CPI). Retrieved December 13, 2017.  ^ a b c d Center For American Homeless Veterans Raises BBB Concern Over Fundraising Solicitations, Saint Louis, Better Business Bureau (BBB), June 27, 2017, retrieved December 13, 2017  ^ "Ratings and metrics for Circle of Friends for American Veterans". CharityWatch. September 2016. Retrieved December 13, 2017.  ^ a b c Kleiner, Sarah (December 13, 2017). "Charities employ controversial telemarketers to tug on heartstrings — and loosen purse strings". Montville, New Jersey: Center for Public Integrity (CPI). Retrieved December 20, 2017. Businessman banned in New York still raking in millions from unsuspecting donors, regulators say  ^ Shafer, Jack (23 October 2006). "If You Don't Buy This Newspaper ... We'll shoot your democracy". Slate.com.  ^ "1996 Sigma Delta Chi Award Winners". SPJ News. 1997. Retrieved 7 April 2016.  ^ "Windfalls of War". Center for Public Integrity.  ^ Staff writer (2004-02-17). "L.A. Times Journalists Honored With Two Polk Awards". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved 2013-04-13.  ^ McFadden, Robert D. (2004-02-17). "Journalists Who Braved Iraq and African Wars Are Among 14 Polk Award Winners". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-04-12.  ^ "2011 Aronson Award winners expose "pink" fundraising fraud, widespread abuse of the developmentally disabled, refineries loosely inspected and bad cops undisciplined". Hunter College. April 4, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012. [permanent dead link] ^ "Complete list of winners in SABEW's 17th annual Best in Business Awards". Society of American Business Editors and Writers. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ "Awards". The Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ "Center wins first Pulitzer Prize". Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved April 14, 2014.  ^ Byers, Dylan (2014-04-16). "Pulitzer prize fight". Politico. Retrieved 30 July 2014.  ^ a b c John Fund
John Fund
(March 21, 2005). "Astroturf Politics". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on March 14, 2006.  ^ Allison, Bill (March 23, 2005). "Puzzling Evidence". The Center for Public Integrity.  ^ Sager, Ryan (March 23, 2005). "Allison Responds". Miscellaneous Objections. Archived from the original on May 13, 2006.  ^ "No Good Deed Goes Unpunished". The Center for Public Integrity. March 22, 2005.  ^ "Looting the Seas". Pew Charitable Trust. November 9, 2010. Archived from the original on 6 May 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.  ^ a b "Tuna and turmoil at CPI". Politico. December 5, 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.  ^ "Something fishy?". Columbia Journalism Review. July–August 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2012.  ^ Revkin, Andrew C. (November 8, 2010). "Report Reveals Forces Destroying Atlantic Bluefin Tuna". New York Times. Retrieved 9 June 2012.  ^ "2010 IRE Awards winners". Investigative Reporters and Editors. Retrieved 16 July 2012.  ^ "The Whitman Bassow Award 2010". Overseas Press Club of America. Retrieved 16 July 2012.  ^ Rubin, Jennifer (September 2, 2011). "Is the Center for Public Integrity's work advocacy or journalism?". Washington Post. Retrieved 9 June 2012.  ^ "CPI's other coordination with advocacy groups". Politico. September 2, 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012.  ^ "Did CPI
CPI
coordinate with Greenpeace?". Politico. August 29, 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

Keiger, Dale (November 2000). "An "i" Toward Tough Journalism". Johns Hopkins Magazine. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  Buzenberg, Bill (January 1, 2008). "Q&A". Q & A (Interview). Interview with Brian Lamb.  Glaser, Mark (25 February 2004). " Center for Public Integrity
Center for Public Integrity
Leading the Way for Serious Online Journalism". Online Journalism Review. Archived from the original on 4 November 2006.  Lewis, Charles (May 3, 2004). "Are We Better Off: This is Reform?". Mother Jones.  Lewis, Charles. Digging Where Journalists Don't Dig (Speech).  Lewis, Charles (August 9, 2005). Expanding The Definition of News Media Trust, A Jay Rosen-Led Conversation (Speech). San Antonio, Texas.  Lewis, Charles (September–October 2007). "The Nonprofit Road". Columbia Journalism Review.  Lewis, Charles (February 1, 2006). "Stories from a Watchdog Journalist". Washingtonian (Interview). Interview with Ken Adelman.  Lewis, Charles (March 4, 2005). "The Digging Life". On The Media (Interview). Interview with Bob Garfield. WNYC. Archived from the original on February 19, 2007.  Lewis, Charles (November 1, 1998). "The Buying of the Congress". Booknotes (Interview). Interview with Brian Lamb. Washington, DC: C-SPAN. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013.  Lewis, Charles (November 20, 2006). "Charles Lewis on the Future of Investigative Journalism
Investigative Journalism
on the Web". NewAssignment.net (Interview). Interview with John McQuaid. 

See also[edit]

International Consortium of Investigative Journalists

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