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 Parouse.com



Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Turner Broadcasting
Turner Broadcasting
System, a division of Time Warner.[1] CNN
CNN
was founded in 1980 by American media proprietor Ted Turner
Ted Turner
as a 24-hour cable news channel.[2] Upon its launch, CNN
CNN
was the first television channel to provide 24-hour news coverage,[3] and was the first all-news television channel in the United States.[4] While the news channel has numerous affiliates, CNN
CNN
primarily broadcasts from the Time Warner
Time Warner
Center in New York City, and studios in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and Los Angeles. Its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta
Atlanta
is only used for weekend programming. CNN
CNN
is sometimes referred to as CNN/U.S. (or CNN
CNN
Domestic[5]) to distinguish the American channel from its international sister network, CNN International. As of August 2010, CNN
CNN
is available in over 100 million U.S. households.[6] Broadcast coverage of the U.S. channel extends to over 890,000 American hotel rooms,[6] as well as carriage on cable and satellite providers throughout Canada. As of July 2015, CNN
CNN
is available to about 96,374,000 cable, satellite, and telco television households (82.8% of households with at least one television set) in the United States.[7] Globally, CNN
CNN
programming airs through CNN International, which can be seen by viewers in over 212 countries and territories.[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Major events

1.2.1 Gulf War 1.2.2 September 11 attacks 1.2.3 2008 U.S. election 1.2.4 2016 U.S. election

1.3 Trump administration, AT&T purchase

2 Programming

2.1 On-air presentation

3 Staff 4 Other platforms

4.1 Online 4.2 Beme 4.3 Films 4.4 Radio

5 Specialized channels

5.1 Former channels 5.2 Experiments

6 Bureaus

6.1 United States 6.2 Worldwide

7 Controversies 8 Awards and honors 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History Early history Main article: History of CNN
CNN
(1980–2003) The Cable News Network was launched at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on June 1, 1980. After an introduction by Ted Turner, the husband and wife team of David Walker and Lois Hart anchored the channel's first newscast.[9] Burt Reinhardt, the executive vice president of CNN
CNN
at its launch, hired most of the channel's first 200 employees, including the network's first news anchor, Bernard Shaw.[10] Since its debut, CNN
CNN
has expanded its reach to a number of cable and satellite television providers, several websites, and specialized closed-circuit channels (such as CNN
CNN
Airport). The company has 42 bureaus (11 domestic, 31 international),[11] more than 900 affiliated local stations (which also receive news and features content via the video newswire service CNN
CNN
Newsource),[12] and several regional and foreign-language networks around the world.[13] The channel's success made a bona-fide mogul of founder Ted Turner[14] and set the stage for conglomerate Time Warner's eventual acquisition of the Turner Broadcasting
Broadcasting
System in 1996.[15] A companion channel, CNN2, was launched on January 1, 1982[16] and featured a continuous 24-hour cycle of 30-minute news broadcasts.[17] The channel, which later became known as CNN
CNN
Headline News and is now known as simply HLN, eventually focused on live news coverage supplemented by personality-based programs during the evening and primetime hours. Major events

Replica of the newsroom at CNN
CNN
Center.

Gulf War The first Persian Gulf War
Gulf War
in 1991 was a watershed event for CNN
CNN
that catapulted the channel past the "Big Three" American networks for the first time in its history, largely due to an unprecedented, historical scoop: CNN
CNN
was the only news outlet with the ability to communicate from inside Iraq
Iraq
during the initial hours of the Coalition bombing campaign, with live reports from the al-Rashid Hotel in Baghdad
Baghdad
by reporters Bernard Shaw, John Holliman
John Holliman
and Peter Arnett.

Operation Desert Storm
Operation Desert Storm
as captured live on a CNN
CNN
night vision camera with reporters narrating.

The moment when bombing began was announced on CNN
CNN
by Shaw on January 16, 1991, as follows:[18]

This is Bernie Shaw. Something is happening outside. ... Peter Arnett, join me here. Let's describe to our viewers what we're seeing... The skies over Baghdad
Baghdad
have been illuminated. ... We're seeing bright flashes going off all over the sky.

Unable to immediately broadcast live pictures from Baghdad, CNN's coverage of the initial hours of the Gulf War
Gulf War
had the dramatic feel of a radio broadcast – and was compared to legendary CBS
CBS
news anchor Edward R. Murrow's gripping live radio reports of the German bombing of London
London
during World War II.[19] Despite the lack of live pictures, CNN's coverage was carried by television stations and networks around the world, resulting in CNN
CNN
being watched by over a billion viewers worldwide.[20] The Gulf War
Gulf War
experience brought CNN
CNN
some much sought-after legitimacy and made household names of previously obscure reporters. In 2000, media scholar and director of the Center for the Study of Popular Television at Syracuse University, Robert Thompson, stated that having turned 20, CNN
CNN
was now the "old guard."[21] Shaw, known for his live-from-Bagdhad reporting during the Gulf War, became CNN's chief anchor until his retirement in 2001.[22][23] Others include then-Pentagon correspondent Wolf Blitzer
Wolf Blitzer
(now host of The Situation Room) and international correspondent Christiane Amanpour. Amanpour's presence in Iraq
Iraq
was caricatured by actress Nora Dunn as ruthless reporter Adriana Cruz in the 1999 film Three Kings. Time Warner-owned sister network HBO
HBO
later produced a television movie, Live from Baghdad, about CNN's coverage of the first Gulf War.[citation needed] Coverage of the first Gulf War
Gulf War
and other crises of the early 1990s (particularly the infamous Battle of Mogadishu) led officials at the Pentagon to coin the term "the CNN
CNN
effect" to describe the perceived impact of real time, 24-hour news coverage on the decision-making processes of the American government.[citation needed] September 11 attacks CNN
CNN
was the first cable news channel to break the news of the September 11 attacks.[24] Anchor Carol Lin was on the air to deliver the first public report of the event. She broke into a commercial at 8:49 a.m. Eastern Time that morning and said:

This just in. You are looking at obviously a very disturbing live shot there. That is the World Trade Center, and we have unconfirmed reports this morning that a plane has crashed into one of the towers of the World Trade Center. CNN Center
CNN Center
right now is just beginning to work on this story, obviously calling our sources and trying to figure out exactly what happened, but clearly something relatively devastating happening this morning there on the south end of the island of Manhattan. That is once again, a picture of one of the towers of the World Trade Center.

Sean Murtagh, CNN
CNN
vice president of finance and administration, was the first network employee on the air.[25] He called into CNN
CNN
Center from his office at CNN's New York City
New York City
bureau and reported that a commercial jet had hit the Trade Center.[26] Daryn Kagan and Leon Harris were live on the air just after 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time as the second plane hit the North Tower of the World Trade Center and through an interview with CNN
CNN
correspondent David Ensor, reported the news that U.S. officials determined "that this is a terrorist act."[27] Later, Aaron Brown and Judy Woodruff anchored through the day and night as the attacks unfolded, winning an Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
award for the network.[28] Brown had just joined CNN from ABC to serve as the breaking news anchor. CNN
CNN
has made archival files of much of the day's broadcast available in five segments, plus an overview. 2008 U.S. election

The stage for the second 2008 CNN/ YouTube
YouTube
presidential debate.

Leading up to the 2008 U.S. presidential election, CNN
CNN
devoted large amounts of its coverage to politics, including hosting candidate debates during the Democratic and Republican primary seasons. On June 3 and 5, CNN
CNN
teamed up with Saint Anselm College
Saint Anselm College
to sponsor the New Hampshire Republican and Democratic Debates.[29] Later in 2007, the channel hosted the first CNN/ YouTube
YouTube
presidential debates, a non-traditional format where viewers were invited to pre-submit questions over the internet via the YouTube
YouTube
video-sharing service.[30] In 2008, CNN
CNN
partnered with the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times to host two primary debates leading up to its coverage of Super Tuesday.[31] CNN's debate and election night coverage led to its highest ratings of the year, with January 2008 viewership averaging 1.1 million viewers, a 41% increase over the previous year.[31] 2016 U.S. election Driven by live coverage of the year's US presidential election, 2016 was CNN's most-watched year in its history.[32] Throughout the campaign, the network aired unedited coverage of many of the Trump campaign rallies. Aides for Republican candidates Marco Rubio, Jeb Bush, and Ted Cruz
Ted Cruz
accused CNN
CNN
president Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
of undermining their candidates during the Republican primaries.[33] Zucker acknowledged that it had been a mistake to air so many of the campaign rallies.[34] CNN
CNN
also drew criticism during the election for hiring former Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski, who was still being paid by and was effectively working on behalf of the campaign.[35] Trump administration, AT&T purchase The presidency of Donald Trump
Donald Trump
has led to many prominent controversies involving CNN. The network was accused of bias during its coverage of the 2016 campaign; current CNN
CNN
president Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
defended its extensive coverage of Trump, noting among the Republican candidates, he was the most willing to give on-air interviews. Likewise, there were accusations by both Trump and supporters of Bernie Sanders, that CNN
CNN
focused too much on Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton; during his speech at the 2017 Conservative Political Action Conference
Conservative Political Action Conference
(CPAC), Trump referred to CNN
CNN
as the "Clinton News Network".[36][37] In January 2017, CNN
CNN
reported that Trump had been briefed on a classified dossier which detailed compromising personal and financial information that had allegedly been obtained by the Russian government. While CNN
CNN
did not publish the dossier, Trump criticized the network during a press conference the following day, and refused to take a question from CNN
CNN
reporter Jim Acosta, claiming that the network was "fake news".[38] On June 26, 2017, CNN
CNN
investigative journalists Thomas Frank, Eric Lichtblau, and Lex Haris voluntarily resigned after the network retracted an online article which incorrectly connected Trump aide Anthony Scaramucci
Anthony Scaramucci
to a $10 billion Russian investment fund. The network apologized to Scaramucci and admitted that the online story did not meet their editorial standards.[39] Zucker responded by stressing that the network needs to "play error-free ball" when it comes to any future stories about Trump.[40] In July 2017, Trump posted a video on Twitter
Twitter
of himself tackling Vince McMahon
Vince McMahon
on the ground during WrestleMania 23, edited to replace McMahon's face with a CNN
CNN
logo. The clip was considered to be a further expression of his opinions regarding the network's quality of coverage.[41][42] Later that month, a group of Democratic United States Senators, led by Amy Klobuchar, issued a request for information over allegations that the Trump administration was planning to use CNN
CNN
as "leverage for political gain" in the process of clearing the proposed acquisition of its parent company Time Warner
Time Warner
by AT&T—a purchase which was first announced in October 2016.[43][44] The Daily Caller
The Daily Caller
reported that, in particular, the administration was seeking the removal of Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
as CNN president. Although Trump had promised to block the acquisition entirely during his presidential campaign, Trump's transition team later stated that the government planned to evaluate the deal without prejudice.[45][46][47][48] Following the announcement of the acquisition, AT&T CEO Randall L. Stephenson stated that the company was "committed to continuing the editorial independence of CNN".[49] In August 2017, Deadline.com reported that AT&T had considered spinning off CNN
CNN
and its stake in TMZ
TMZ
post-acquisition.[49] In October 2017, Stephenson downplayed the possibility that the ongoing tensions between Trump and CNN
CNN
could affect the deal, stating that he "[didn't] know what the relevance of CNN
CNN
is in terms of an antitrust review", and that AT&T did not plan to make managerial changes to Time Warner
Time Warner
properties that were operating well, such as CNN.[50] Later that month, CNN
CNN
launched a new promotional campaign, "Facts First", in an effort to combat false perceptions over the quality of its reporting. Using an apple to demonstrate metaphors for fake news and "alternative facts" (in particular, suggesting that one could persistently opine that the apple was actually a banana, despite the fact that it was an apple), the ads publicize a commitment to fact-checking and accurate reporting, as part of a new mission statement acknowledging that "while opinions matter, they don't change the facts."[51][52] The ad became the subject of parodies, including one by The Daily Caller (which reversed the ad, and amended the slogan with "unless we are reporting on Trump"), and Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
(which closed with the line "Now orange you ready to impeach?"), and was criticized by conservative publishers, republican politicians, and on social media.[53][54][55][56] On November 6, 2017, Stephenson met with Makan Delrahim, assistant Attorney General of the United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division, to discuss antitrust and concentration of media ownership concerns surrounding the acquisition, and possible options for satisfying them.[57][58] Two days later, major media outlets publicly reported that the Justice Department had recommended that either the entire Turner Broadcasting
Turner Broadcasting
group, or DirecTV, be divested as a condition of the merger. The Financial Times
Financial Times
went further, stating that it had specifically demanded the divestment of CNN.[59][60][57][61] Stephenson denied these reports, stating that he never offered to, nor had any intentions to sell CNN.[62][63] CNN's media analyst Brian Stelter
Brian Stelter
noted that media outlets were interpreting the alleged recommendations as being either a genuine concern for AT&T's scale following the merger, or a retaliatory measure by the Trump administration against CNN.[57] At the DealBook
DealBook
conference in New York City
New York City
the next day, Stephenson denied that the Department had demanded the divestment of CNN
CNN
at all (stating that he had "never been told that the price of getting the deal done was selling CNN"), and that the company aimed to "get to a negotiated settlement". However, he stated that if they were unable to do so, AT&T was "prepared to litigate".[64][57] In a statement to CNBC, a Department of Justice official backed Stephenson, denying that there were any specific demands to divest CNN
CNN
during the discussion, and considering the claims to be "shocking" and an attempt to politicize the situation. The official added that the Department had officially recommended either abandoning the deal entirely, or divesting DirecTV
DirecTV
or Turner, but that it was open to other options for quelling antitrust concerns.[58] The same day, the watchdog group Protect Democracy sued the Department of Justice to seek information on whether the Trump administration had "improperly interfered with the Department's review of the merger between AT&T and Time Warner, or has acted in that matter based on the President's personal dislike of CNN's protected speech." The group had issued a Freedom of Information Act request for these details, but the Department had not responded.[65] On November 20, 2017, the Department of Justice filed an antitrust lawsuit over the acquisition.[66] Programming See also: List of programs broadcast by CNN CNN's current weekday schedule consists mostly of rolling news programming during daytime hours, followed by in-depth news and information programs during the evening and primetime hours. The network's morning programming consists of Early Start, an early-morning news program hosted by Christine Romans and Dave Briggs at 4–6 a.m. ET, which is followed by New Day, the network's morning show, hosted by Chris Cuomo
Chris Cuomo
and Alisyn Camerota
Alisyn Camerota
at 6–9 a.m. ET. Most of CNN's late-morning and early afternoon programming consists of CNN Newsroom, a rolling news program hosted by John Berman
John Berman
and Poppy Harlow in the morning and Brooke Baldwin
Brooke Baldwin
in the afternoon. In between the editions of Newsroom, At This Hour with Kate Bolduan at 11 a.m. to noon Eastern, followed by Inside Politics
Inside Politics
with John King, hosted by John King at noon Eastern, and Wolf with Wolf Blitzer
Wolf Blitzer
at 1 p.m. Eastern.[67] CNN's late afternoon and early evening lineup consists of The Lead with Jake Tapper, hosted by Jake Tapper
Jake Tapper
at 4 p.m. Eastern and The Situation Room with Wolf Blitzer, hosted by Wolf Blitzer
Wolf Blitzer
at 5–7 p.m. ET. The network's evening and primetime lineup shifts towards more in-depth programming, including Erin Burnett OutFront
Erin Burnett OutFront
at 7 p.m. ET,[68] and Anderson Cooper 360°
Anderson Cooper 360°
at 8–10 p.m. ET, followed by CNN Tonight with Don Lemon, hosted by Don Lemon
Don Lemon
at 10 p.m. to midnight Eastern. The network's overnight programming consists of CNN
CNN
International program CNN
CNN
Newsroom, Monday at 2–4 a.m. ET, and Tuesday through Friday at 12–4 a.m. ET. CNN
CNN
launched new series in the 9 p.m. ET timeslot for the 2014–15 season, such as John Walsh's The Hunt, This Is Life with Lisa Ling, and Mike Rowe's Somebody's Gotta Do It. Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
explained that this new lineup was intended to shift CNN
CNN
away from a reliance on pundit-oriented programs, and attract younger demographics to the network. Despite this, Zucker emphasized a continuing commitment to news programming, as the 9 p.m. hour can be pre-empted as needed for expanded coverage of news events. These changes coincided with the introduction of a new imaging campaign for the network, featuring the slogan "Go there".[69][70][71] In May 2014, CNN
CNN
premiered The Sixties, a documentary miniseries produced by Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
and Gary Goetzman which chronicled the United States in the 1960s. Owing to its success, CNN would produce sequels focusing on the 1970s and 1980s for 2015 and 2016 respectively.[72][73] Weekend primetime is dedicated mostly to factual programming, including the reality series Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown, along with topical documentaries and specials under banners such as CNN Presents, CNN Special Investigations Unit
CNN Special Investigations Unit
and CNN
CNN
Films. The network's weekend morning programming consists of CNN Newsroom
CNN Newsroom
(simulcast from CNN
CNN
International) at 4–6 a.m. ET, which is followed by the weekend editions of New Day, hosted by Christi Paul and Victor Blackwell, which airs every Saturday at 6–9 a.m. ET and Sunday at 6–8 a.m. ET and the network's Saturday program Smerconish
Smerconish
with Michael Smerconish at 9 a.m. Eastern and replay at 6 p.m. Eastern. Sunday morning lineup consists primarily of political talk shows, including Inside Politics with John King, hosted by John King at 8 a.m. Eastern and State of the Union, hosted by Jake Tapper
Jake Tapper
at 9 a.m. Eastern and replay at noon Eastern, and the international affairs program Fareed Zakaria
Fareed Zakaria
GPS, hosted by Fareed Zakaria
Fareed Zakaria
at 10 a.m. Eastern and replay at 1 p.m. Eastern, and the media analysis program Reliable Sources with Brian Stelter, hosted by Brian Stelter
Brian Stelter
at 11 a.m. Eastern. On-air presentation CNN
CNN
began broadcasting in the high definition 1080i
1080i
resolution format in September 2007.[74] This format is now standard for CNN
CNN
and is available on all major cable and satellite providers.

The CNN
CNN
Election Express bus, used for broadcasts.

CNN's political coverage in HD was first given mobility by the introduction of the CNN
CNN
Election Express bus in October 2007. The Election Express vehicle, capable of five simultaneous HD feeds, was used for the channel's CNN- YouTube
YouTube
presidential debates and for presidential candidate interviews.[75] In December 2008, CNN
CNN
introduced a comprehensive redesign of its on-air appearance, which replaced an existing style that had been used since 2004. On-air graphics took a rounded, flat look in a predominantly black, white, and red color scheme, and the introduction of a new box next to the CNN
CNN
logo for displaying show logos and segment-specific graphics, rather than as a large banner above the lower-third. The redesign also replaced the scrolling ticker with a static "flipper", which could either display a feed of news headlines (both manually inserted and taken from the RSS
RSS
feeds of CNN.com), or "topical" details related to a story.[76][77] CNN's next major redesign was introduced on January 10, 2011, replacing the dark, flat appearance of the 2008 look with a glossier, blue and white color scheme, and moving the secondary logo box to the opposite end of the screen. Additionally, the network began to solely produce its programming in the 16:9 aspect ratio, with standard definition feeds using a letterboxed version of the HD feed.[77] On February 18, 2013, the "flipper" was dropped and reverted to a scrolling ticker; originally displayed as a blue background with white text, the ticker was reconfigured a day later with blue text on a white background to match the look of the 'flipper'.[78] On August 11, 2014, CNN
CNN
introduced its most recent graphics package, dropping the glossy appearance for a flat, rectangular scheme incorporating red, white, and black colors, and the Gotham typeface. The ticker now alternates between general headlines and financial news from CNNMoney, and the secondary logo box was replaced with a smaller box below the CNN
CNN
bug, which displays either the title, hashtag, or Twitter
Twitter
handle for the show being aired or its anchor.[79] In April 2016, CNN
CNN
began to introduce a new corporate typeface, known as "CNN Sans", across all of its platforms. Inspired by Helvetica Neue
Helvetica Neue
and commissioned after consultations with Troika Design Group, the font family consists of 30 different versions with varying weights and widths to facilitate use across print, television, and digital mediums.[80] In August 2016, CNN
CNN
announced the launch of its new initiative, CNN Aerial Imagery and Reporting ( CNN
CNN
AIR). It is a drone-based news collecting operation to integrate aerial imagery and reporting across all CNN
CNN
branches and platforms, along with Turner Broadcasting
Turner Broadcasting
and Time Warner
Time Warner
entities.[81] Staff Main article: List of CNN
CNN
personnel On July 27, 2012, CNN
CNN
president Jim Walton announced he was resigning after 30 years at the network. Walton remained with CNN
CNN
until the end of that year.[82] In January 2013, former NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
president Jeff Zucker replaced Walton.[83] On January 29, 2013, longtime political analysts James Carville
James Carville
and Mary Matalin, and fellow political contributor Erick Erickson
Erick Erickson
were let go by CNN.[84] Other platforms Online

International version in April 2011

CNN
CNN
launched its website, CNN.com (initially an experiment known as CNN
CNN
Interactive), on August 30, 1995. The site attracted growing interest over its first decade and is now one of the most popular news websites in the world. The widespread growth of blogs, social media and user-generated content have influenced the site, and blogs in particular have focused CNN's previously scattershot online offerings, most noticeably in the development and launch of CNN Pipeline
CNN Pipeline
in late 2005. In April 2009, CNN.com ranked third place among online global news sites in unique users in the U.S., according to Nielsen/NetRatings; with an increase of 11% over the previous year.[85] CNN Pipeline
CNN Pipeline
was the name of a paid subscription service, its corresponding website, and a content delivery client that provided streams of live video from up to four sources (or "pipes"), on-demand access to CNN
CNN
stories and reports, and optional pop-up "news alerts" to computer users. The installable client was available to users of PCs running Microsoft Windows. There was also a browser-based "web client" that did not require installation. The service was discontinued in July 2007, and was replaced with a free streaming service.[citation needed] The topical news program Judy Woodruff's Inside Politics
Inside Politics
was the first CNN
CNN
program to feature a round-up of blogs in 2005.[86] Blog coverage was expanded when Inside Politics
Inside Politics
was folded into The Situation Room ( Inside Politics
Inside Politics
later returned to CNN
CNN
in 2014, this time hosted by the network's chief national correspondent John King.[87]). In 2006, CNN
CNN
launched CNN
CNN
Exchange and CNN
CNN
iReport, initiatives designed to further introduce and centralize the impact of everything from blogging to citizen journalism within the CNN
CNN
brand. CNN iReport
CNN iReport
which features user-submitted photos and video, has achieved considerable traction, with increasingly professional-looking reports filed by amateur journalists, many still in high school or college. The iReport gained more prominence when observers of the Virginia Tech shootings sent-in first hand photos of what was going on during the shootings.[88] In early 2008, CNN
CNN
began maintaining a live streaming broadcast available to cable and satellite subscribers who receive CNN
CNN
at home (a precursor to the TV Everywhere
TV Everywhere
services that would become popularized by cable and satellite providers beginning with Time Warner's incorporation of the medium).[89] CNN International
CNN International
is broadcast live, as part of the RealNetworks
RealNetworks
SuperPass subscription service outside the U.S. CNN
CNN
also offers several RSS
RSS
feeds and podcasts. On April 18, 2008, CNN.com was targeted by Chinese hackers in retaliation for the channel's coverage on the 2008 Tibetan unrest. CNN reported that they took preventative measures after news broke of the impending attack.[90][91] The company was honored at the 2008 Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards for development and implementation of an integrated and portable IP-based live, edit and store-and-forward digital news gathering (DNG) system.[92] The first use of what would later win CNN this award was in April 2001 when CNN
CNN
correspondent Lisa Rose Weaver[93] covered, and was detained,[94] for the release of the U.S. Navy crew of a damaged electronic surveillance plane after the Hainan Island incident. The technology consisted of a videophone produced by 7E Communications Ltd of London, UK.[95] This DNG workflow is used today by the network to receive material worldwide using an Apple MacBook Pro, various prosumer and professional digital cameras, software from Streambox Inc., and BGAN
BGAN
terminals from Hughes Network Systems.[citation needed] On October 24, 2009, CNN
CNN
launched a new version of the CNN.com website; the revamped site included the addition of a new "sign up" option, in which users can create their own username and profile, and a new " CNN
CNN
Pulse" (beta) feature, along with a new red color theme.[96] However, most of the news stories archived on the website were deleted. As of 2016, there are four versions of the website: the American version, the International version, the Spanish version, and the Arabic version. Readers can choose their preferred version, but, in the absence of a selection, the server determines an edition according to the requesting IP address.[citation needed] CNN
CNN
also has a channel in the popular video-sharing site YouTube, but its videos can only be viewed in the United States, a source of criticism among YouTube
YouTube
users worldwide. In 2014, CNN
CNN
launched a radio version of their popular Television programming on TuneIn
TuneIn
Radio.[97] In April 2010, CNN
CNN
announced via Twitter
Twitter
that it would launch a food blog called "Eatocracy," which will "cover all news related to food – from recalls to health issues to culture."[98] CNN
CNN
had an internet relay chat (IRC) network at chat.cnn.com. CNN
CNN
placed a live chat with Benjamin Netanyahu
Benjamin Netanyahu
on the network in 1998.[99] CNNHealth consists of expert doctors answering viewers' questions online at CNN's "The Chart" blog website. Contributors include Drs. Sanjay Gupta
Sanjay Gupta
(Chief Medical Correspondent), Charles Raison (Mental Health Expert), Otis Brawley (Conditions Expert), Melina Jampolis (Diet and Fitness Expert), Jennifer Shu (Living Well Expert), and Elizabeth Cohen (Senior Medical Correspondent).[100] On March 7, 2017, CNN
CNN
announced the official launch of its virtual reality unit named CNNVR. It will produce 360 videos to its Android and iOS apps within CNN
CNN
Digital.[101][102] It is planning to cover major news events with the online, and digital news team in New York City, Atlanta, London, Hong Kong, San Francisco, Dubai, Johannesburg, Tokyo, and Beijing.[103] Beme Main article: Beme On November 28, 2016, CNN
CNN
announced the acquisition of Beme
Beme
for a reported $25 million.[104] On November 29, 2016, Matt Hackett, co-founder of Beme, announced via an email to its users that the Beme app would be shutting down on January 31, 2017.[105] Since the shutdown of the app, it was announced that CNN
CNN
intended to use the current talent behind Beme
Beme
to work on a separate start-up endeavor. Beme's current team will retain full creative control of the new project, which was slated to release in summer 2017.[106] Beme
Beme
have also brought on other internet stars such as the host of Vsauce
Vsauce
3, Jake Roper, as head of production, who features prominently in Beme co-founder Casey Neistat's vlogs.[107] Beme
Beme
News has since begun uploading news related video on YouTube[108] Films Main article: CNN
CNN
Films In October 2012, CNN
CNN
formed a film division called CNN Films to distribute and produce made-for-TV and feature documentaries. Its first acquisition was a documentary entitled Girl Rising, a documentary narrated by Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
that focused on the struggles of girls' education.[109] Radio In July 2014, Cumulus Media
Cumulus Media
announced that it would end its partnership with ABC News
ABC News
Radio, and enter into a new partnership with CNN
CNN
to syndicate national and international news content for its stations through Westwood One beginning in 2015, including access to a wire service, and digital content for its station websites. This service is unbranded, allowing individual stations to integrate the content with their own news brands.[110] Specialized channels See also: Specialty channel

CNN en Español
CNN en Español
televised debate for the 2005 Chilean elections.

Post production editing offices in Atlanta.

Over the years, CNN
CNN
has launched spin-off networks in the United States and other countries. Channels that currently operate as of 2014[update] include:

CNN
CNN
Airport CNN Chile
CNN Chile
– a Chilean news channel that launched on December 4, 2008. CNN
CNN
en Español CNN
CNN
International CNN TÜRK
CNN TÜRK
– a Turkish media outlet. CNN-IBN
CNN-IBN
– an Indian news channel. CNN Indonesia
CNN Indonesia
– an Indonesian news channel that launched on August 17, 2015. (co-owned with Trans Corp) CNNj – a Japanese news outlet. CNN Philippines
CNN Philippines
– a Filipino news channel launched on March 16, 2015. HLN

Former channels CNN
CNN
has also launched television and online ventures that are no longer in operation, including:

CNN Checkout Channel (out-of-home place-based custom channel for grocery stores that started in 1991 and shuttered in 1993) CNN
CNN
Italia[111] (an Italian news website launched in partnership with the publishing company Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso, and after with the financial newspaper Il Sole 24 Ore, it launched on November 15, 1999[112][113] and closed on September 12, 2003) CNN Pipeline
CNN Pipeline
(24-hour multi-channel broadband online news service, replaced with CNN.com Live) CNN Sports Illustrated
CNN Sports Illustrated
(also known as CNNSI; U.S. sports news channel, closed in 2002) CNN+
CNN+
(a partner channel in Spain, launched in 1999 with Sogecable) CNN.com Live CNNfn
CNNfn
(financial channel, closed in December 2004)

Experiments CNN
CNN
launched two specialty news channels for the American market which would later close amid competitive pressure: the sports news channel CNNSI shut down in 2002, while business news channel CNNfn
CNNfn
shut down after nine years on the air in December 2004. CNN
CNN
had a partnership with Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
through the sports website CNNSI.com, but sold the domain name in May 2015.[114] CNNfn's former website now redirects to money.cnn.com, a product of CNN's strategic partnership with Money magazine. Money and Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
were both Time Warner properties until 2014, when the company's magazine division was spun off into the separate Time Inc.[citation needed]

Bureaus

CNN
CNN
bureau locations

The CNN Center
CNN Center
in Atlanta

CNN
CNN
in New York City

CNN Center
CNN Center
studios

CNN
CNN
operates bureaus in the following cities as of February 2017[update].[115] Boldface indicates that the city is home to one of CNN's original bureaus, meaning it has been in operation since the network's founding. United States

Atlanta
Atlanta
(World Headquarters) Chicago Dallas Denver Los Angeles Miami New York City San Francisco Washington, D.C.

Worldwide CNN
CNN
has regional headquarters in Abu Dhabi, Hong Kong, and London. Other bureau locations include:

Amman Bangkok Beijing Beirut Berlin Buenos Aires Cairo Dubai Havana Islamabad Istanbul Jakarta Jerusalem Johannesburg Kabul Lagos Madrid Mexico City Moscow Mumbai Nairobi New Delhi Paris Rio de Janeiro Rome Santiago Seoul Tokyo

In parts of the world without a CNN
CNN
bureau, reports from local affiliate station the network will be used to file a story. Controversies Main article: CNN
CNN
controversies

This section only describes one highly specialized aspect of its associated subject. Please help improve this article by adding more general information. The talk page may contain suggestions. (November 2017)

In a joint study by the Joan Shorenstein Center on Press, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard University
Harvard University
and the Project for Excellence in Journalism, the authors found disparate treatment by the three major cable channels of Republican and Democratic candidates during the earliest five months of presidential primaries in 2007:

The CNN
CNN
programming studied tended to cast a negative light on Republican candidates – by a margin of three-to-one. Four-in-ten stories (41%) were clearly negative while just 14% were positive and 46% were neutral. The network provided negative coverage of all three main candidates with McCain faring the worst (63% negative) and Romney faring a little better than the others only because a majority of his coverage was neutral. It's not that Democrats, other than Obama, fared well on CNN
CNN
either. Nearly half of the Illinois
Illinois
Senator's stories were positive (46%), vs. just 8% that were negative. But both Clinton and Edwards ended up with more negative than positive coverage overall. So while coverage for Democrats overall was a bit more positive than negative, that was almost all due to extremely favorable coverage for Obama.[116]

CNN
CNN
President Walter Isaacson met with Republican Party leaders in Washington, DC in 2001 saying afterwards "I was trying to reach out to a lot of Republicans who feel that CNN
CNN
has not been as open covering Republicans, and I wanted to hear their concerns,"[117] As CNN
CNN
founder Ted Turner
Ted Turner
stated, "There really isn't much of a point getting some Tom, Dick or Harry off the streets to report on when we can snag a big name whom everyone identifies with. After all, it's all part of the business." However, in April 2008, Turner criticized the direction that CNN
CNN
has taken.[118] In October 2016, WikiLeaks
WikiLeaks
published emails from John Podesta
John Podesta
which showed CNN
CNN
contributor Donna Brazile
Donna Brazile
passing the questions for a CNN-sponsored debate to the Clinton campaign.[119] In the email, Brazile discussed her concern of Clinton's ability to field a question regarding the death penalty. The following day Clinton would receive the question about the death penalty, verbatim from an audience member at the CNN-hosted Town Hall event.[120] According to a CNNMoney investigation, the debate moderator Roland Martin of TV One "did not deny sharing information with Brazile."[120] CNN
CNN
severed ties with Brazile three days later, on October 14, 2016.[121][122] Awards and honors In 1998, CNN
CNN
received the Four Freedom Award for the Freedom of Speech.[123] See also

Broadcasting Corporate media Journalistic objectivity List of CNN
CNN
personnel List of programs broadcast by CNN Mass media Media bias in the United States News media News media
News media
in the United States TeleSUR Television studio

Television in the United States portal Journalism portal Companies portal 1980s portal 1990s portal 2000s portal 2010s portal

References

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CNN
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Time Warner
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Time Warner
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CNN
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White House
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Time Warner
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Time Warner
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CNN
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CNN
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BuzzFeed
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Banana
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CNN
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Time Warner
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CNN
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Time Warner
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CNN
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Time Warner
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Time Warner
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CNN
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CNN
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CNN
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Time Warner
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White House
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CNN
International Esporte Interativo Glitz HispanicTV I.Sat Space TBS TNT Series Tooncast Warner TV truTV TNT Sports

TV production/distribution

Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
Studios Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
Studios Europe Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
Productions CNN
CNN
Films Turner Sports World Championship Wrestling4 Williams Street Hulu
Hulu
(10%)

Internet assets

Bleacher Report CNNMoney FilmStruck Super Deluxe

Former

Cable Music Channel Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
Spain Cartoon Network
Cartoon Network
Too Cartoonito
Cartoonito
Asia Cartoonito
Cartoonito
Spain China Entertainment Television CNN
CNN
Checkout Channel CNNfn CNN/SI CNX CNN+ Crime Library Gameloft Imagine TV Infinito Lumiere Movies Nuts TV Real Retro Showtime Scandinavia Silver Star! Scandinavia TCM Autor TCM Clásico The Smoking Gun TNT UK Toonami
Toonami
Jetstream (50% with Viz Media) Toonami
Toonami
Southeast Asia Toonami
Toonami
UK and Ireland truTV UK and Ireland (sold to Sony Pictures Television) Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies
2 Turner Entertainment
Turner Entertainment
Co. Turner Program Services Turner South
Turner South
(now Fox Sports Southeast) Voom HD International WPCH-TV WRET (now WCNC-TV)

^1 Owned by the NBA, operated by Turner. ^2 Co-owned by Trans Media. ^3 Co-owned with Nine Media Corporation
Nine Media Corporation
and Radio Philippines Network through a brand licensing agreement. ^4 Assets now owned by WWE, Inc. through WCW, Inc.

v t e

Sirius XM Radio channels

Entertainment

Blue Collar Radio Canada
Canada
Laughs Fox News
Fox News
Radio The Foxxhole Laugh USA Martha Stewart Living Radio Raw Dog Comedy Sirius XM Stars

Family and health

Doctor Radio Kids Place Live Radio Classics Radio Disney

News

BBC World Service Bloomberg Radio CNBC CNN CNN
CNN
en Español C-Span Radio Fox News
Fox News
Channel Fox News
Fox News
Talk HLN MSNBC NPR
NPR
Now POTUS Politics PRX SiriusXM
SiriusXM
Patriot SiriusXM
SiriusXM
Progress Sirius XM Public Radio SiriusXM
SiriusXM
Insight SiriusXM
SiriusXM
Urban View

Religion

FamilyNet Radio The Catholic Channel EWTN FamilyTalk

Sports

ESPN Radio ESPNU Radio ESPN Xtra IndyCar Radio Mad Dog Sports Radio MLB Network Radio NBA Radio NASCAR Radio NFL Radio The Score XM Scoreboard

Latin

Calendrier Sportif Canada
Canada
360 Canada
Canada
Talks CBC Radio One ESPN Deportes Radio Ici Radio- Canada
Canada
Première Quoi de Neuf Radio Parallèle

Other

America's Talk ATN-Asian Radio Cosmo Radio Extreme Talk Howard 100 Howard 101 Playboy Radio RCI+ ReachMD Road Dog Trucking Sirius XM Indie Sirius XM Weather & Emergency Specials Faction Talk The Weather Network WRN Broadcast

Premium channels

Sirius XM Public Radio Faction Talk OutQ SiriusXM
SiriusXM
NHL Network Radio SiriusXM
SiriusXM
PGA Tour Radio

v t e

Atlanta
Atlanta
companies

Aaron's, Inc. AGCO
AGCO
(Duluth) American Megatrends
American Megatrends
(Gwinnett County) Arby's
Arby's
(Sandy Springs) AT&T Mobility Atlanta
Atlanta
Bread Company (Smyrna) Atlanta
Atlanta
Gas Light BellSouth Chick-fil-A
Chick-fil-A
(College Park) Church's Chicken
Church's Chicken
(Sandy Springs) Coca-Cola Cox Enterprises Delta Air Lines EarthLink Equifax ExpressJet
ExpressJet
(College Park) Georgia Natural Gas Georgia-Pacific Georgia Power Holiday Inn Holiday Inn
Holiday Inn
Express The Home Depot
The Home Depot
(Cobb County) Hooters Intercontinental Exchange Krystal Kool Smiles
Kool Smiles
(Marietta) Merial
Merial
(Duluth) NCR Corporation
NCR Corporation
(Gwinnett County) Popeyes
Popeyes
(Sandy Springs) RaceTrac Rheem Scientific Atlanta
Atlanta
(Lawrenceville) Simmons Bedding Company Southern Company SunTrust Banks Turner Broadcasting
Turner Broadcasting
System United Parcel Service
United Parcel Service
(Sandy Springs) Waffle House
Waffle House
(Gwinnett County) The Weather Channel
The Weather Channel
(Cobb County)

v t e

TCA Award for Outstanding Achievement in News and Information

Nightline
Nightline
(1985) Nightline
Nightline
/ The Vanishing Family: Crisis in Black America (1986) Eyes on the Prize
Eyes on the Prize
(1987) Nightline
Nightline
(1988) CNN
CNN
(1989) CNN
CNN
(1990) CNN’s Gulf War
Gulf War
coverage (1991) Frontline (1992) Frontline (1993) Nightline
Nightline
(1994) Frontline / Nightline
Nightline
(1995) Frontline (1996) American Experience
American Experience
(1997) American Experience
American Experience
(1998) Cold War (1999) ABC 2000 Today
ABC 2000 Today
(2000) Jazz (2001) Frontline (2002) Frontline (2003) The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart (2004) Frontline (2005) Frontline (2006) Planet Earth (2007) The War (2008) The Alzheimer’s Project (2009) Life (2010) Restrepo (2011) 60 Minutes
60 Minutes
(2012) The Central Park Five
The Central Park Five
(2013) Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey (2014) Last Week Tonight with John Oliver
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver
(2015) Full Frontal with Samantha Bee
Full Frontal with Samantha Bee
(2016) O.J.: Made in America (2017)

v t e

Current White House
White House
James S. Brady Press Briefing Room
James S. Brady Press Briefing Room
seating chart

Row Podium

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

NBC Wall Street Journal Agence France-Presse MSNBC Bloomberg BNA Washington Examiner TRNS/Univision

Fox News CBS
CBS
Radio AP Radio Foreign Pool Time Yahoo! News Dallas
Dallas
Morning News

CBS
CBS
News Bloomberg McClatchy Washington Times SiriusXM Salem Radio Globe/Roll Call

AP NPR AURN The Hill Regionals Newsmax CBN

ABC News Washington Post Politico Fox News
Fox News
Radio CSM/NY Post Daily Mail BBC/OAN

Reuters NY Times Chicago
Chicago
Tribune VOA RealClearPolitics HuffPost/NY Daily News BuzzFeed/Daily Beast

CNN USA Today ABC Radio National Journal Al Jazeera/PBS Westwood One Financial Times/Guardian

The seating chart as of June 30, 2017.[1]

White House
White House
Correspondents' Association

v t e

Sirius XM Satellite Radio
XM Satellite Radio
music channels

Channels

Venus '40s Junction '50s on 5 '60s on 6 '70s on 7 '80s on 8 '90s on 9 PopRocks The Highway Heart & Soul SiriusXM
SiriusXM
Love Real Jazz Spa Alt Nation B.B. King's Bluesville BackSpin BBC Radio 1 The Beatles Channel Bluegrass Junction BPM The Bridge Caliente (in Spanish) Cinemagic Classic Rewind Classic Vinyl The Coffee House Deep Tracks Diplo’s Revolution E Street Radio Doctor Radio Bloomberg Radio Fox Business Radio LL Cool J's Rock the Bells Radio Fox News
Fox News
Radio Faction Punk The Grateful Dead Channel The Groove Hair Nation RockBar The Heat Pop2K Hip-Hop Nation The Joint Jam On KIIS-FM Krishna Das Yoga Radio Liquid Metal Lithium Octane On Broadway Outlaw Country Ozzy's Boneyard Pearl Jam Radio Pitbull's Globalization Radio The Loft The Coffee House Prime Country The Pulse CNN
CNN
Radio HLN Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
and Museum NPR
NPR
NOW ABC Radio CBS
CBS
News Radio Shade 45 SiriusXM
SiriusXM
Hits 1 SiriusXM
SiriusXM
Chill Sirius XM Pops SiriusXMU The Spectrum Studio 54 Radio Symphony Hall CNBC ESPNews Turbo Velvet Viva Watercolors WHTZ SiriusXM
SiriusXM
Spotlight Radio Margaritaville Y2Kountry Kirk Franklin's Praise Willie's Roadhouse Kids Place Live Radio Disney Kidz Bop Radio

Discontinued

Holly (discontinued July 16, 2014)

XM exclusives

Bollywood & Beyond MIX The Music Summit The Verge

Sirius exclusives

Bande à part CBC Radio 3 Iceberg Radio Latitude franco

See also: XM Satellite Radio
XM Satellite Radio
channel history

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 156628431 LCCN: n82251162 ISNI: 0000 0004 0411 2974 GND: 2120209-6 SUDOC: 031995845 BNF: cb12310853z (data) BIBSYS: 90607119 NLA: 35370593 NDL: 00627903 NKC: osa2010530989 BNE: XX94893 CiNii: DA06706770

^ Carter, Brandon (30 June 2017). "Conservative media outlets gain seats in White House
White House
briefing room", The Hill. Retr