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Blagdon
Blagdon
is a village and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Somerset, within the unitary authority of North Somerset, in England. It is located in the Mendip
Mendip
Hills, a recognised Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. According to the 2001 census it has a population of 1,116.[1] The village is about 12 miles (19 km) east of Weston-super-Mare.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Romans 1.2 Saxons 1.3 Norman feudal barony 1.4 The Blagdon
Blagdon
Controversy 1.5 Physical history 1.6 Blagdon
Blagdon
in the twentieth century

2 Governance 3 Geography 4 Demographics 5 Transport 6 Religious sites 7 Culture 8 Famous residents 9 Listed buildings 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

History[edit] . The village was called Blachedon in the 1086 Domesday Book
Domesday Book
and the name comes from the Old English
Old English
bloec and dun meaning 'the black or bleak down'.[2] Romans[edit] There was a Roman presence in Blagdon
Blagdon
from about 49 AD[3] until the end of the Roman occupation of Britain. Several Roman coins and fragments of Roman pottery have been found in the village. There were lead and silver workings in Charterhouse, about a mile and a half uphill to the south, so it is likely that the wealthier supervisors had their houses away from the toxic smoke in the village. Wade and Wade in their 1929 book Somerset
Somerset
suggest traces of Roman mines such as tools and pigs of lead have been found at Blagdon.[3] Saxons[edit] The parish was part of the Hundred of Winterstoke.[4] Norman feudal barony[edit] Blagdon
Blagdon
is believed to have been the caput of the feudal barony held by Serlo de Burci (died c. 1086), who is recorded as holding the manor in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086. However the caput may have been Dartington.[5] The Domesday Book
Domesday Book
recorded a land area for Blagdon approximating to 2,000 acres (8 km²), including 200 acres (0.8 km²) of woodland. Serlo left no sons and his daughter Geva was his sole heiress. She married twice: firstly to "Martin" (died before 1086), to whom she bore a son and heir Robert FitzMartin
FitzMartin
(died 1159), and secondly to William de Falaise. In 1154 Robert FitzMartin gave St Andrews Church and other land from around the East End of the village to Stanley Abbey
Stanley Abbey
in Wiltshire. He also gave land at Blagdon
Blagdon
to the Knights Templar
Knights Templar
which became known as the Temple Hydon Estate.[6] Robert's son was William FitzMartin
FitzMartin
(1155–1209), whose own son and heir was William FitzMartin
FitzMartin
(died before 15 February 1216). Next to inherit was Nicholas FitzMartin
FitzMartin
(1210–1282) whose son Nicholas (died 1260)predeceased him, but had married the sole heiress of the feudal barony of Barnstaple, Maud de Tracy (died before Michaelmas 1279), daughter and sole heiress of Henry de Tracy (died 1274). Nicholas's son William FitzMartin
FitzMartin
(died 1324) thus inherited Barnstaple
Barnstaple
from his mother and Blagdon
Blagdon
from his grandfather. On the death in 1326 of William's son William without children, his co-heirs were his surviving sister Eleanor and James Audley (died 1386) the son of his deceased sister Joan FitzMartin
FitzMartin
(died 1322). Eleanor FitzMartin
FitzMartin
(died 1342) died without children, albeit having married twice. James Audley, 2nd Baron Audley (died 1386) was Joan's son by her second husband Nicholas Audley, 1st Baron Audley (died 1316) of Heleigh Castle, Staffordshire. James Audley thus in 1342 inherited his childless aunt Eleanor's moieties of the two baronies of Barnstaple and Blagdon, thus giving him possession of the whole of each.[7][8] The Blagdon
Blagdon
Controversy[edit] In the late eighteenth century, the famous writer and educational pioneer Hannah More, shocked at the poverty and ignorance to be found in Mendip
Mendip
villages, was active establishing schools in the area. In 1795 she founded a Sunday School in Blagdon, in the building now called Hannah More
Hannah More
House.[9] About this time she wrote to William Wilberforce, the anti-slavery campaigner, about her school, "Several of the grown-up youths had been tried at the last assizes; three were children of a person lately condemned to be hanged — many thieves! Of this banditti we have enlisted one hundred and seventy; and when the clergyman, a hard man, who is also the magistrate, saw these creatures kneeling around us, whom he had seldom seen but to commit or punish in some way, he burst into tears".[10] However, Mr Bere, the curate referred to in this letter, soon became implacably opposed to the school and after years of pressure it was forced to close. Nevertheless, the furore created made the "Blagdon Controversy" a milestone of national importance in the development of education for the labouring classes.[11] Physical history[edit] There are several houses in the village dating from medieval times and earlier. The houses facing on to Bell Square in the north corner of the West End date from the fourteenth century. The shape of some of the existing fields suggest they are of medieval origin.[12] Blagdon
Blagdon
in the twentieth century[edit] In 1901 the Wrington Vale Light Railway
Wrington Vale Light Railway
reached Blagdon. It closed to passengers just 31 years later in 1932. Part of the line remained for freight only, but this closed in 1962. Governance[edit] The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council. Blagdon
Blagdon
and Churchill Ward is represented by one councillor on the unitary authority of North Somerset
Somerset
which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset
Somerset
Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service. North Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters is in the town hall in Weston-super-Mare. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Woodspring
Woodspring
district of the county of Avon.[13] Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Axbridge
Axbridge
Rural District.[14] The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
as part of the Weston-super-Mare
Weston-super-Mare
constituency. It is also part of the South West England
South West England
constituency of the European Parliament. Geography[edit]

Church tower with the lake behind

The village is located on the northern edge of the Mendip Hills
Mendip Hills
on the A368, overlooking Blagdon
Blagdon
Lake. The headquarters of the dairy company Yeo Valley Organic
Yeo Valley Organic
is located in the village. When describing Blagdon
Blagdon
the names of the three former separate settlements that merged to form Blagdon
Blagdon
are usually used: West End, East End, and Street End. The West End has much of the facilities and services of Blagdon, including its Fire station, Village Shop and Post Office, Butcher, Body & Soul Beauty Salon, Doll's House Shop (Cobblers Collectables), Haircuts shop, clothes shop and coffee parlour, The Mead and Children's Play area, tennis courts and football and rugby union pitches. In the East End there is Blagdon
Blagdon
Primary School and the former Blagdon
Blagdon
Police Station. As of March 2010, Blagdon
Blagdon
has three pubs open for business: the Seymour Arms. the New Inn, and the Queen Adelaide. (The former Live and Let Live has been demolished and turned into social housing and the new road serving the housing is named Baynard Close after the Lord of the Manor of Blagdon
Blagdon
who founded the forerunner of the current village school in 1687.[15] Additionally, the Village Club has a bar and is a social centre. The New Inn is a Grade II listed building.[16] Demographics[edit] According to the 2001 Census, the Blagdon
Blagdon
and Churchill Ward had 1,423 residents, living in 594 households, with an average age of 41.9 years. Of these 75% of residents describing their health as 'good', 19% of 16- to 74-year-olds had no qualifications; and the area had an unemployment rate of 1.2% of all economically active people aged 16–74. In the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004, it was ranked at 24,228 out of 32,482 wards in England, where 1 was the most deprived LSOA and 32,482 the least deprived.[17] The 2011 Census highlights that the population had dropped to 1, 116 within 737 hectares of land.[18] Statistics show that 938 of these people were of working age and 155 of these people had no qualifications.[19] Transport[edit] Blagdon
Blagdon
is served by several bus services going to Bristol, Bath, Wells and Weston-super-Mare. A Blagdon
Blagdon
Minibus is available for groups to use at a small charge. The A368 to Bath goes through Blagdon. The nearest railway station is Yatton. Religious sites[edit]

St Andrews Church

St Andrew's Church (Church of England) has a 116-foot tower with pinnacles and a cusped lozenge pattern parapet, with a stair turret spirelet in the north-east corner.[20] The tower dates from the 15th century and is one of the tallest in Somerset. The remainder of the church was rebuilt in 1907–09 by Lord Winterstoke (of the Wills tobacco family)[21] The tower contains a bell dating from 1716 and made by Edward Bilbie of the Bilbie family.[22] It is a Grade II* listed building[23] The lychgate to the east of the church is also a Grade II listed building in its own right.[24] Above the door are four primitive Norman carvings which survived three rebuildings.[25] There is also a Baptist
Baptist
chapel, the former Methodist chapel having been converted into residential housing. Culture[edit] Blagdon
Blagdon
is the setting of Chapters 8 and 9 of Victor Canning's best-selling novel of 1934, Mr Finchley Discovers his England. Blagdon
Blagdon
has many clubs and organisations including:

The local History Group W.I Luncheon Club Rainbows ~ www.blagdonrainbows.co.uk, Brownies and Guides Scouts Tennis, football, cricket and rugby clubs

Famous residents[edit]

Augustus Montague Toplady

John Langhorne (1735–79) Augustus Montague Toplady
Augustus Montague Toplady
(1740–78)

Listed buildings[edit] There are several Grade II listed buildings:

Aldwick Court[26] Lodge to south-west of Woodlands[27] Stables and Archway at Aldwick Court[28] Woodlands[29] Bay Trees[30] Hannah More
Hannah More
House[31] The Old Rectory and Wing Cottage[32] Fir Tree Farmhouse and attached outbuildings[33] Blagdon
Blagdon
Court and Court Cottage[34] Blagdon
Blagdon
House[35] Court Farmhouse[36] Walnut Tree House[37] Coombe Lodge[38] Gate Lodge and Gates south of Coombe Lodge[39] Gauge House[40] Masonic Lodge[41] Mill House[42]

References[edit]

^ a b "2011 Census Profile". North Somerset
Somerset
Council. Archived from the original (Excel) on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.  ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset
Somerset
Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1-874336-03-2.  ^ a b

Somerset
Somerset
by Wade, G.W. & Wade, J.H. at Project Gutenberg

^ " Somerset
Somerset
Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 9 September 2011.  ^ Sanders, I.J., English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, p.15, Blagdon ^ Faith, Juliet. The Knights Templar
Knights Templar
in Somerset. The History Press. pp. 91–94. ISBN 9780752452562.  ^ Sanders, pp.15, Blagdon; p.104, Barnstaple ^ "History". Blagdon
Blagdon
Stores. Archived from the original on 10 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2009.  ^ Historic England. " Hannah More
Hannah More
House (1146382)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Clarke, James Freeman (1836). The Western Messenger. Western Unitarian Association. p. 26.  ^ Collingwood, Jeremy; Margaret Collingwood (1990). Hannah More. Lion Books. pp. 95–99. ISBN 978-0745915326.  ^ " Mendip
Mendip
Hills: An Archaeological Survey of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty" (PDF). Somerset
Somerset
County Council Archaeological Projects. Retrieved 28 October 2006.  ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2007.  ^ " Axbridge
Axbridge
RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.  ^ "Baynard's Educational Trust". Blagdon.org. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "The New Inn (33904)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics LSOA North Somerset
Somerset
024D Blagdon
Blagdon
and Churchill". Office for National Statistics 2001 Census. Retrieved 25 April 2006.  ^ "Check Browser Settings". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-25.  ^ "Check Browser Settings". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-25.  ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1958). The Buildings of England: North Somerset and Bristol. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071013-2.  ^ Mason, Edmund J. & Mason, Doreen (1982). Avon Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. ISBN 0-7091-9585-0.  ^ Moore, James; Roy Rice; Ernest Hucker (1995). Bilbie and the Chew Valley clock makers. The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8.  ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew (33899)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. " Lychgate
Lychgate
(33900)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Atthill, Robin (1976). Mendip: A new study. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7297-1.  ^ Historic England. "Aldwick Court (33892)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Lodge to south-west of Woodlands (33895)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Stables and Archway at Aldwick Court (33893)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Woodlands (33894)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Bay Trees (33898)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. " Hannah More
Hannah More
House (33897)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "The Old Rectory and Wing Cottage (33901)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Fir Tree Farmhouse and attached outbuildings (350220)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. " Blagdon
Blagdon
Court and Court Cottage (33908)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. " Blagdon
Blagdon
House (33909)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Court Farmhouse (33910)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Walnut Tree House (427042)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Coombe Lodge (33902)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Gate Lodge and Gates south of Coombe Lodge (33903)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Gauge House (33907)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Masonic Lodge (33905)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013.  ^ Historic England. "Mill House (33906)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 June 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

Blagdon
Blagdon
Village Website Blagdon
Blagdon
Village Plan Document

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blagdon.

Blagdon
Blagdon
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Blagdon
Blagdon
Primary School Map of Blagdon
Blagdon
circa 1900

v t e

Chew Valley

Towns and villages:

Belluton Bishop Sutton Blagdon Burnett Cameley Camerton Chelwood Chew Magna Chew Stoke Chewton Keynsham Chewton Mendip Clutton Compton Dando Compton Martin East Harptree High Littleton Hinton Blewett Hunstrete Keynsham Litton Marksbury Nempnett Thrubwell Norton Malreward Pensford Publow Regil Stanton Drew Stanton Prior Stowey Temple Cloud Timsbury Ubley West Harptree Winford Woollard

Reservoirs:

Blagdon
Blagdon
Lake Chew Magna
Chew Magna
Reservoir Chew Valley
Chew Valley
Lake Litton Reservoirs

Rivers:

River Chew River Yeo

SSSIs:

Barns Batch Spinney Blagdon
Blagdon
Lake Burledge Hill Chew Valley
Chew Valley
Lake Compton Martin
Compton Martin
Ochre Mine Dundry Main Road South Quarry Emborough Quarries Folly Farm Harptree Combe Hartcliff Rocks Quarry Lamb Leer Lulsgate Quarry Plaster's Green Meadows Wurt Pit and Devil's Punchbowl

Open Access Land

Burledge Hill Knowle Hill Round Hill (Folly Farm)

Councils:

Bath and North East Somerset Mendip North Somerset

Surrounding areas:

Dundry Down Lulsgate Plateau Mendip
Mendip
Hills Yeo Valley

v t e

Mendip
Mendip
Hills

Settlements

Ashwick Axbridge Banwell Bishop Sutton Blagdon Bleadon Burrington Charterhouse Cheddar Chewton Mendip Compton Bishop Compton Martin Cross Draycott East Harptree Easton Hinton Blewett Hutton Leigh-on-Mendip Litton Oakhill Priddy Rodney Stoke Rowberrow Sandford Shepton Mallet Shipham Ubley Webbington Wells West Harptree Westbury-sub-Mendip Winscombe Wookey Hole

Rivers and lakes

River Axe Cheddar Yeo River Chew River Yeo Lox Yeo River Blagdon
Blagdon
Lake Cheddar Reservoir Chew Valley
Chew Valley
Lake Litton Reservoirs

Hills

Axbridge
Axbridge
Hill Black Down Bleadon
Bleadon
Hill Burledge Hill Crook Peak Fry's Hill Pen Hill Purn Hill Shute Shelve Hill Wavering Down

Caves and gorges

Attborough Swallet Aveline's Hole Axbridge
Axbridge
Ochre Mine Banwell
Banwell
Caves Banwell
Banwell
Ochre Caves Burrington Combe Charterhouse Cave Cheddar Gorge Compton Martin
Compton Martin
Ochre Mine Cox's Cave Eastwater Cavern Ebbor Gorge Fairy Cave Quarry GB Cave Goatchurch Cavern Gough's Cave Hunter's Hole Lamb Leer Longwood Swallet Manor Farm Swallet Picken's Hole Pierre's Pot Priddy
Priddy
Caves Read's Cavern Reservoir Hole Rhino Rift Rod's Pot Shatter Cave Shute Shelve Cavern Sidcot Swallet St Cuthbert's Swallet St. Dunstan's Well Catchment Stoke Lane Slocker Swildon's Hole Thrupe Lane Swallet Tyning's Barrow Swallet Upper Flood Swallet W/L Cave Wookey Hole
Wookey Hole
Caves

Quarries

Batts Combe Callow Rock Cloford Cloud Colemans Cook's Wood Doulting Stone Dulcote Emborough Fairy Cave Gurney Slade Halecombe Hobbs Holwell Moon's Hill Torr Works Viaduct Whatley Windsor Hill

SSSIs

Asham Wood Axbridge
Axbridge
Hill and Fry's Hill Banwell
Banwell
Caves Banwell
Banwell
Ochre Caves Barns Batch Spinney Blagdon
Blagdon
Lake Bleadon
Bleadon
Hill Brimble Pit and Cross Swallet Basins Burledge Hill Burrington Combe Chancellor's Farm Cheddar Complex Cheddar Reservoir Cheddar Wood Chew Valley
Chew Valley
Lake Cloford Quarry Compton Martin
Compton Martin
Ochre Mine Cook's Wood Quarry Crook Peak to Shute Shelve Hill Dolebury Warren Draycott Sleights Ebbor Gorge Emborough Quarries Harptree Combe Hobbs Quarry Holwell Quarries Kingdown and Middledown Lamb Leer Priddy
Priddy
Caves Priddy
Priddy
Pools Perch Rodney Stoke St. Dunstan's Well Catchment Sandpit Hole and Bishop's Lot Shiplate Slait Viaduct Quarry Windsor Hill Quarry Wurt Pit and Devil's Punchbowl

History

Priddy
Priddy
Circles Cheddar Man Drove Cottage Henge Dolebury Warren Charterhouse Roman Town Fosse Way King John's Hunting Lodge, Axbridge Priddy
Priddy
Mineries Somerset
Somerset
Coalfield Somerset
Somerset
Coal Canal Cheddar Valley line East Somerset
Somerset
Railway

Transport

Mendip
Mendip
Rail Mendip
Mendip
Way Monarch's Way National Cycle Route 24 A37 road A39 road A368 road A371 road

Councils

Bath and North East Somerset Mendip North Somerset Sedgemoor

Surrounding areas

Chew Valley Somerset
Somerset
Levels North Som