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Batangas
Batangas
City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Batangas) is a first class component city and capital of the Province of Batangas, Philippines. It is the largest city in the province in terms of land area, and is currently classified as one of the fastest urbanizing cities of the Philippines. According to the 2015 census, the city has a population of 329,874 people.[3] Known as the "Industrial Port City of Calabarzon," Batangas
Batangas
City is home to the Batangas
Batangas
International Port, one of the busiest passenger and container terminals in the Philippines, as well as host to one of the largest oil refineries in the country, three natural gas power plants, and several other major industries. In addition, the city also serves as the commercial, educational, industrial and transportation center of the province

Contents

1 History

1.1 Foreign rule 1.2 Independence and onwards

2 Barangays 3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Transportation

5.1 Future railway connection

6 Education 7 Utilities 8 Cuisine 9 Images 10 Footnotes 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] Foreign rule[edit] The first Spanish missionaries arrived in Batangas
Batangas
City in 1572 due to group migration. Finally, in 1581, Spanish authorities governing the Philippines
Philippines
created a pueblo in the area which included the hill (now Hilltop) where the present Provincial Capitol of Batangas
Batangas
stands after the formal end of the Coumintang Kingdom. The town was named "Batangan" because huge logs, locally called "batang", abounded in the place. The Spanish government appointed Don Agustin Casilao as Batangan's first gobernadorcillo. Said title of "little governor" as head of the pueblo or municipio was replaced in 1894 by "capital municipal." It is not clear who succeeded Casilao nor is it known whether there were subsequent appointments of capital municipal. Don Agustin Casilao is sometimes referred to as Agustino or Augustino in some sources. By 1870, its barangays were Balagtas, Bilogo, Bolbok, Bukal, Catandala, Konde, De La Paz, Kumintang Ibaba, Matuko, Mapagong, Paharang Kanluran, Pairang, Pinamucan, Patulo, Sampaga, San Agapito, San Isidro and Talahib.[4][5] At the coming of the Americans in the early 1900s, local civil government of Batangas
Batangas
was set up. It took effect on July 4, 1901 with Jose Villanueva elected as "Municipal President." His term expired in 1903.[4] Subsequent elections installed the following as municipal presidents: Juan Palacios, 1904–1905; Jose Arguelles, 1906; Marcelo Llana, 1907; Sisenando Ferriols, 1908–1909; Ventura Tolentino, 1910–1914; Julian Rosales, 1915; Juan Gutierrez, 1916–1919; Julian Rosales, 1920–1922; Juan Buenafe, 1923–1930; Perfecto Condez, 1931–1937; Juan Buenafe, 1938-1940. In 1941 the title "Municipal President" was changed to "Municipal Mayor." Pedro Berberabe was elected first municipal mayor.[4] Batangas
Batangas
City was severely damaged due to the Japanese A6M Zero bombardment and on December 12, 1941, the Batangas
Batangas
Airport which is located in Brgy. Alangilan is totally destroyed. On October 14, 1943, municipal councilor Roman L. Perez was appointed Mayor by the Japanese after the inauguration of the Second Republic of the Philippines. Liberation begun when 158th Regimental Combat Team (or 158th RCT) under the command of the US 6th Army
US 6th Army
reached Poblacion, Batangas
Batangas
City by March 11 during the Philippines
Philippines
Liberation Campaign of 1944–45. By the end of April the same that year, some elements of the 188th Glider Infantry Regiment of the 11th Airborne Division
11th Airborne Division
was left to clear the barangays east and mountains south of the city as the main Allied Force continued their drive towards the Quezon
Quezon
Province. Some of hundreds thousands local Filipino soldiers and officers of the 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 4th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was entering and re-invaded in Batangas
Batangas
City. Throughout the battle, recognized Filipino Guerrilla fighters played an important key role in the advancement of the combined American and Philippine Commonwealth troops, providing key roads and information for the Japanese location of defenses and movements. Hostilities ended as the war came closer to the end.[6][7][7] Independence and onwards[edit] After the Liberation, Pres. Manuel Roxas
Manuel Roxas
issued his reappointment. Mayor Perez ran and won in 1944, the first post-War elections in the country. In November 1949 he was killed by an unknown assassin. Vice Mayor Atilano Magadia succeeded then Mayor Perez. He served until 1951. Mayor Macario Chavez was elected in 1951. His four-year term ended in 1955.[4] People voted Pedro S. Tolentino overwhelmingly as mayor in 1956. He was reelected three times. It was during his fourth term (mid 1969) that Congress approved the Charter, a milestone event which made him the first city mayor of Batangas.[4] Other succeeding mayors followed are Mayor Macario M. Mendoza, 1974–1979; Alfredo M. Borbon, 1979–1980, Conrado C. Berberabe, 1980–1986; Jose M. Atienza, 1986–1987; Mario M. Perez, 1987, Eduardo B. Dimacuha, 1988–1998, Angelito D. Dimacuha, 1998–2001 and again Eduardo B. Dimacuha, 2001–2010, Vilma A. Dimacuha, 2010-2013 and again Eduardo B. Dimacuha, 2013–2016, Beverley Rose A. Dimacuha, 2016-present.[8] Meanwhile, on January 19, 2008, Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
opened Phase II project of the Batangas
Batangas
City International Container Port (with turn-over to the Philippine Ports Authority). She also inspected a major road project in Southern Tagalog. She then inspected the P1.5-billion Southern Tagalog
Southern Tagalog
Arterial Road (STAR), Stage II-Phase 1 connecting Lipa (19.74 kilometers and Batangas
Batangas
and the South Luzon
Luzon
Expressway (SLEX) road widening, expansion and the STAR toll way development projects in Batangas.[9] Barangays[edit] Batangas
Batangas
City is politically subdivided into 105 barangays.[10] Pagkilatan was formerly a sitio of Matoco.[11] Malalim was formerly the "southern portion of the barrio of Sirang Lupa, the northern portion of the barrio Mahabang Dahilig, and the eastern portion of San Isidro" "together with the sitio of Malalim"; this territory became a barrio (barangay) in 1954.[12] In the same year, sitio Malitam, formerly part of barrio Libjo, was elevated as a barrio.[13] San Antonio was constituted from the sitios of Ilaya, Labac, Matalisay, Pajo and Cacawan, from the barrio of San Agapito.[14] In 1957, the barrio of Talumpok was divided into two. Sitios Romano, Poyesan, Bondeo and Latag were constituted into Talumpok Silangan, while sitios Ginto, Duhatan, Kulingkang, Piit and Cuaba were constituted into Talumpok Kanluran.[15] Balagtas was formerly known as Patay, Kumintang Ilaya as Sambat Ilaya, and Kumintang Ibaba as Sambat Ibaba.[16]

Barangay
Barangay
1 (Pob.) Barangay
Barangay
2 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
3 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
4 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
5 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
6 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
7 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
8 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
9 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
10 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
11 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
12 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
13 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
14 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
15 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
16 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
17 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
18 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
19 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
20 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
21 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
22 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
23 (Poblacion) Barangay
Barangay
24 (Poblacion) Alangilan Balagtas Balete Banaba Center Banaba Kanluran Banaba Silangan Banaba Ibaba Bilogo Bolbok Bukal Calicanto Catandala Concepcion Conde Itaas Conde Labak Cuta Dalig Dela Paz Dela Paz Pulot Aplaya Dela Paz Pulot Itaas Domoclay Dumantay Gulod Itaas Gulod Labak Haligue Kanluran Haligue Silangan Ilihan Kumba Kumintang Ibaba Kumintang Ilaya Libjo Liponpon, Verde Island Maapas Mahabang Dahilig Mahabang Parang Mahacot Kanluran Mahacot Silangan Malalim Malibayo Malitam Maruclap Mabacong (Matoco) Pagkilatan Paharang Kanluran Paharang Silangan Pallocan Kanluran Pallocan Silangan Pinamucan Pinamucan Ibaba Pinamucan Silangan Sampaga San Agapito, Verde Island San Agustin Kanluran, Verde Island San Agustin Silangan, Verde Island San Andres, Verde Island San Antonio, Verde Island San Isidro San Jose Sico San Miguel San Pedro Santa Clara Santa Rita Aplaya Santa Rita Karsada Santo Domingo Santo Niño Simlong Sirang Lupa Sorosoro Ibaba Sorosoro Ilaya Sorosoro Karsada Tabangao Aplaya (Tabango Proper) Tabangao Ambulong Tabangao Dao Talahib Pandayan Talahib Payapa Talumpok Kanluran Talumpok Silangan Tinga Itaas Tinga Labak Tulo Wawa

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Batangas
Batangas
City

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 33,131 —    

1918 41,089 +1.45%

1939 49,164 +0.86%

1948 59,582 +2.16%

1960 82,627 +2.76%

1970 108,868 +2.79%

1975 125,363 +2.87%

1980 143,570 +2.75%

1990 184,970 +2.57%

1995 211,879 +2.58%

2000 247,588 +3.40%

2007 295,231 +2.46%

2010 305,607 +1.26%

2015 329,874 +1.47%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][17][18][19]

In the 2015 census, the population of Batangas
Batangas
City was 329,874 people,[3] with a density of 1,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,100 inhabitants per square mile. Economy[edit]

SM City Batangas

A. Evangelista Street, one of the shopping centers in the Poblacion area

The City of Batangas
Batangas
gears up activities on trade, finance, education and medical services for most part of the province. As a center for trade and commerce, it hosts one of the largest oil refineries in the country, Pilipinas Shell, and three natural gas power plants, namely, Keilco, First Gas and Malampaya On-Shore Gas Plant. Other major industries include: San Miguel Food Corporation, JG Summit Petrochemical Corp., Universal Robina Corp., Himmel Industries Inc., Chemphil Bulk Terminal, San Lorenzo Power Plant and First Philippine Industrial Corp. It is the center for education, with three of the largest universities in the province and recently, more International Schools have chosen the City as their campus sites. The City draws thousands of transient and migratory workers, with 58 banking and other financial institutions, about 9 shopping centers (6 in Poblacion, 1 in Cuta, 1 in Calicanto, and 1 in Pallocan West), 5 major hospitals and 3 major hotels, and various government agencies. Transportation[edit] Batangas
Batangas
City's public transportation mainly include jeepneys and tricycles. Also, the city has transportation between barangays and other cities and municipalities. The city's central transportation is the Batangas
Batangas
Grand Central Terminal, found beside the Diversion Road in Balagtas. Future railway connection[edit] As part of Rodrigo Duterte's infrastructure development program, DuterteNomics
DuterteNomics
or "Build-Build-Build", a railway line from Calamba will be constructed to connect with the city. The railway line, the Calamba- Batangas
Batangas
Line, a part of the longer Manila-Matnog Railway, is approved by the National Economic Development Authority on September 12, 2017, and funding will be provided by the Chinese government. Start of construction of the railway, as part of the Manila-Matnog Railway, is not yet set. [20] Education[edit] Among the higher education institutions in the city is the Batangas State University, Lyceum of the Philippines
Philippines
University–Batangas, University of Batangas, St. Bridget College, Westmead International School, Golden Gate College and Colegio ng Lungsod ng Batangas. The Department of Education also maintains a division in Batangas City.[21]For of the academic year of 2013-2014, there are 82 public elementary schools [22] and 18 public high schools.[23] For the academic year of 2016-2017, 50 private schools offering various levels of education from pre-school to college level have legal permit to operate in the city.[24] Utilities[edit] Electricity
Electricity
services in Batangas
Batangas
City is provided by Meralco
Meralco
for most of its barangays. Some barangays in the eastern rural area near the boundary with Taysan
Taysan
are served by the Batangas
Batangas
II Electric Cooperative (BATELEC-II) . Power in off-grid Verde Island
Verde Island
are provided by diesel generators and solar panels. The water services in the urbanized areas are provided by the Batangas City Water District (BCWD). Rural areas are localized, and provided by the Rural Waterworks and Sewage Authority. The city is also locations of two major power plants that supply power to the Luzon
Luzon
grid:

Ilijan Power Plant - a natural gas power plant owned and operated by the Korea Electric Power Company
Korea Electric Power Company
(KEPCO) San Lorenzo - Santa Rita Power Plant - a combined cycle natural gas power plant owned and operated by Firstgen

Cuisine[edit] The city is famous for its nilupak. The art of making the dish is indigenous to the area and has been cited as having a great potential for inclusion in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists. Images[edit]

Panorama of Batangas
Batangas
City and Mount Pinamucan

Basilica Immaculate Conception Parish

Jesus of Nazareth Hospital

Plaza Mabini

Port of Batangas

Mount Banoy

Batangas
Batangas
City Hall

Footnotes[edit]

^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2014.  ^ "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Makati
Makati
City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 October 2012.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ a b c d e Local Government of Batangas
Batangas
City 1999, pp. 8 ^ City Investment & Tourism Office 2006 ^ "Official Website: Historical Background". Archived from the original on 26 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-09.  ^ a b "Ibiblio.org: Triumph in the Philippines, Chapter XXIII Securing the Visayan Passages, Southern Luzon". Retrieved 2010-07-09.  ^ Local Government of Batangas
Batangas
City 1999, pp. 7, 8 ^ "ABS-CBN News.com: President Arroyo inaugurates Batangas
Batangas
Port project". Archived from the original on 2007-07-09. Retrieved 2010-07-09.  ^ Local Government of Batangas
Batangas
City 1999, pp. 13, 14 ^ "An Act Creating the Barrio of Pagkilatan in the Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.  ^ "An Act to Convert the Sitio of Malalim in the Barrio of Mahabang Dahilig, Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas, into a Barrio". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11.  ^ "An Act to Convert the Sitio of Malitam, in the Barrio of Libjo, Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas, into a Barrio". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11.  ^ "An Act to Convert the Sitios of Ilaya Labac, Matalisay, Pajo and Cacawan in Isla Verde, in the Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas, to a Barrio to Be Known As Barrio San Antonio of the Same Municipality". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11.  ^ "An Act Dividing the Barrio of Talumpoc, Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas, into Two Barrios to Be Known As the Barrios of Talumpok Silangan and Talumpok Kanluran of Said Municipality". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.  ^ "An Act Changing the Names of Certain Barrios in the Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.  ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Censuses of Population (1903 – 2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.  ^ "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.  ^ "NEDA Board approves Manila
Manila
subway, PNR South Rail projects". GMA News. September 12, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ Bueno, Donato. "Message". Division of Batangas
Batangas
City (Department of Education). Archived from the original on 19 November 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2016.  ^ "Masterlist of Schools Based on School Year in Public Elementary Schools - Batangas
Batangas
City" (PDF). Department of Education - Calarbarzon. Retrieved 26 April 2016.  ^ "Masterlist of Schools Based on School Year in Public Secondary Schools - Batangas
Batangas
City" (PDF). Department of Education - Calarbarzon. Retrieved 26 April 2016.  ^ "LIST OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS OPERATING WITH PERMIT/RECOGNITION REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Department of Education Region IV-A CALABARZON BATANGAS CITY" (PDF). Department of Education - Calarbarzon. Retrieved 26 April 2016. 

References[edit]

City Investment & Tourism Office (2006), Parine na't Magsaya sa Lungsod ng Batangas
Batangas
(pamphlet), Batangas
Batangas
City, Philippines  access-date= requires url= (help) Local Government of Batangas
Batangas
City (July 23, 1999), Batangas
Batangas
City Profile, 1 (1), Batangas
Batangas
City, Philippines, pp. 7, 8, 13, 14  access-date= requires url= (help)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Batangas
Batangas
City.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Batangas
Batangas
City.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Batangas

Official Website of the Local Government of Batangas
Batangas
City Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information

Places adjacent to Batangas
Batangas
City

San Pascual San Jose Ibaan

Batangas
Batangas
Bay

Batangas
Batangas
City

Taysan Lobo

Isla Verde Passage Puerto Galera, Oriental Mindoro Isla Verde Passage San Teodoro / Baco, Oriental Mindoro

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Batangas
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Batangas
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Municipalities

Agoncillo Alitagtag Balayan Balete Bauan Calaca Calatagan Cuenca Ibaan Laurel Lemery Lian Lobo Mabini Malvar Mataasnakahoy Nasugbu Padre Garcia Rosario San Jose San Juan San Luis San Nicolas San Pascual Santa Teresita Santo Tomas Taal Talisay Taysan Tingloy Tuy

Component cities

Batangas Lipa Tanauan

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Batangas
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State University Lyceum of the Philippines
Philippines
University–Batangas University of Batangas

Colleges

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Batangas
City Bayawan Baybay Bayugan Biñan Bislig Bogo Borongan Cabadbaran Cabanatuan Cabuyao Cadiz Calamba Calapan Calbayog Candon Canlaon Carcar Catbalogan Cauayan Cavite
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City Danao Dapitan Dasmariñas Digos Dipolog Dumaguete El Salvador Escalante Gapan General Trias Gingoog Guihulngan Himamaylan Ilagan Imus Iriga Isabela Kabankalan Kidapawan Koronadal La Carlota Lamitan Laoag Legazpi Ligao Lipa Maasin Mabalacat Malaybalay Malolos Marawi Masbate
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City Mati Meycauayan Muñoz Naga, Cebu Oroquieta Ozamiz Pagadian Palayan Panabo Passi Roxas Sagay Samal San Carlos, Negros Occidental San Carlos, Pangasinan San Fernando, La Union San Fernando, Pampanga San Jose San Jose del Monte San Pablo San Pedro Santa Rosa Silay Sipalay Sorsogon
Sorsogon
City Surigao City Tabaco Tabuk Tacurong Tagaytay Tagbilaran Tagum Talisay, Cebu Talisay, Negros Occidental Tanauan Tandag Tangub Tanjay Tarlac
Tarlac
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Abra: Bangued Albay: Legazpi Apayao: Kabugao / Luna1 Aurora: Baler Bataan: Balanga Batanes: Basco Batangas: Batangas
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City Benguet: La Trinidad Bulacan: Malolos Cagayan: Tuguegarao Camarines Norte: Daet Camarines Sur: Pili Catanduanes: Virac Cavite: Imus
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1 de facto seat of provincial government · 2 seat of legislative branch of provincial government

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Batangas
City Biñan Cabuyao Calamba Cavite
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Batangas
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Imus
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Municipalities

Agdangan Agoncillo Alabat Alaminos Alfonso Alitagtag Amadeo Angono Atimonan Balayan Balete Baras Bauan Bay Binangonan Buenavista Burdeos Cainta Calaca Calatagan Calauag Calauan Candelaria Cardona Carmona Catanauan Cavinti Cuenca Dolores Famy General Emilio Aguinaldo General Luna General Mariano Alvarez General Nakar Guinayangan Gumaca Ibaan Indang Infanta Jalajala Jomalig Kalayaan Kawit Laurel Lemery Lian Liliw Lobo Lopez Los Baños Lucban Luisiana Lumban Mabini Mabitac Macalelon Magallanes Magdalena Majayjay Malvar Maragondon Mataasnakahoy Mauban Mendez Morong Mulanay Nagcarlan Naic Nasugbu Noveleta Padre Burgos Padre Garcia Paete Pagbilao Pagsanjan Pakil Pangil Panukulan Patnanungan Perez Pila Pililla Pitogo Plaridel Polillo Quezon Real Rizal Rodriguez Rosario (Batangas) Rosario (Cavite) Sampaloc San Andres San Antonio San Francisco San Jose San Juan San Luis San Mateo San Narciso San Nicolas San Pascual Santa Cruz Santa Maria Santa Teresita Santo Tomas Sariaya Silang Siniloan Taal Tagkawayan Talisay Tanay Tanza Taysan Taytay Teresa Ternate Tiaong Tingloy Tuy Unisan Victoria

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