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Balrampur
Balrampur
is a city and a municipal board in Balrampur district
Balrampur district
in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is situated on the bank of river Rapti and is the district headquarters of Balarampur district. Balrampur
Balrampur
was a state in India. It is divided in 1748 and a part of U.P.

Contents

1 Demographics 2 Historical significance 3 Geography 4 Archaeological sites 5 Tourism and culture 6 Dynasty 7 Educational facilities 8 Educational institutes 9 Politics 10 Transport 11 Industry 12 Media 13 Notable persons 14 References 15 External links

Demographics[edit] Balrampur
Balrampur
had population as of 2011 census is 90000. Historical significance[edit] Balrampur
Balrampur
city is in close vicinity of Shravasti
Shravasti
where Lord Gautam Buddha is considered to have displayed his supernatural powers in the spiritual transformation of Angulimala, a famous dacoit who wore a necklace (mala) of fingers (anguli).[1][2] In the Mughal era Balrampur
Balrampur
was the seat of Balrampur
Balrampur
Estate, a Taluqdari
Taluqdari
of Oudh.[3] Geography[edit] Balrampur
Balrampur
is located at 27°26′N 82°11′E / 27.43°N 82.18°E / 27.43; 82.18. It has an average elevation of 105 metres (344 ft).[4] Archaeological sites[edit] Two prominent archaeological sites, Jetavana
Jetavana
and Savatthi, or Saheth and Maheth, as they are locally known, are located in the vicinity of Balrampur
Balrampur
city. Alexander Cunningham
Alexander Cunningham
used the ancient (6th century CE) accounts of Chinese pilgrim-monks to determine that Saheth-Maheth actually referred to Jetavana
Jetavana
and Savatthi.[5] Saheth, covering an area of 32 acres, was the site of the Jetavana monastery. It became an important place of pilgrimage, adorned with numerous shrines, stupas and monasteries. The stupas belong mostly to the Kushan period, while the temples are in the Gupta style. The remains date from the Mauryan era (3rd century BCE) to the 12th century CE. One of the earliest stupas, contained relics of the Buddha. A colossal statue of the Buddha was also found here which is now preserved in the Indian Museum, Kolkata. Maheth covers an area of about 400 acres (160 ha), and has been identified with the remains of the city proper and is located about 0.25 miles (0.40 km) to the north-east of Saheth. Excavations have exposed the massive gates of the city, ramparts and also the ruins of other structures which testify to the prosperity of ancient Sravasti. The Sobhanath Temple is located here. The ruins of Maheth includes two stupas. One stupa, known as Pakki Kuti, is said to be that of Angulimala
Angulimala
while the other, known as Kachchi Kuti, is believed to be that of Sudatta, a disciple of Buddha.[6] Pakki Kuti and Kacchi Kuti were later converted into Brahmanical temples. The Emperor Ashoka
Ashoka
visited Jetavana, and the Chinese pilgrim Hiuen- Tsang (Xuanzang)mentions two Ashokan pillars at Sravasti. Other places of interest include the Swarnagandha Kuti where Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
lived. In Jetavana
Jetavana
is also located the second-holiest tree of Buddhism: the Anandabodhi Tree.[7] Tourism and culture[edit] The district has very rich literary heritage. Famous Urdu
Urdu
poet Ali Sardar Jafri was born here in 1913. He is among the only four Urdu poets who got the prestigious Jnanpith award (other three are Firak Gorakhpuri, Kurtulain Hyder and Shaharyar). The other notable poet of the city is Syed Ali Mehdi Rizvi, very famous for his religious Urdu poetry such as Mussadas, Marsiya, Salam, Rubai, Nauha etc. Apart from extensively writing the religious poetry, his other notable works include poetic representation of History of India
India
named "Matla-e-Watan" and translation of Bhagavad Gita in Urdu
Urdu
poetry. Apart from that the birthplace of Mohd Shafi Khan also known as Bekal Utsahi is Balrampur. He has the distinction of being a former member of Rajya Sabha . In 1976 he got Padmashree Award in the field of literature. During a visit to the Mazar of Hazrat Vaaris Ali Shah of Devan-Sharif in 1945 Shah Hafiz Pyari Miyan quoted, "Bedam Gaya Bekal aaya". After that incident Mohammad Shafi Khan converted his name as "Bekal Varsi".During the period of Pandit Nehru in 1952 an interesting event happened, which resulted in the emergence of Bekal Utsahi. There was an election programme of congress party in Gonda at that time. Bekal Varsi welcomed Pandit Nehru by his poetry "Kisan Bharat Ka". Nehru was very much impressed and said,"Yeh hamara utsahi shayar hai".Finally he is renowned as Bekal Utsahi
Bekal Utsahi
in the literary world. One of the most popular Hindu worship place is situated in Tulsipur about 27 kilometers from the district headquarters. It is known as Devi Patan.[8]

Patan Devi Temple, Tulsipur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Patan Devi Temple, Tulsipur, Uttar Pradesh, India

The temple has the distinction of having included in 51 "Shaktipeethas" of Goddess Durga according to Hindu mythology. It is believed that during the event when Lord Shiva was carrying the corpse of his wife Sati, the light shoulder of Sati had fallen here. Revered by Hindus in India
India
and Nepal, millions of pilgrims visit this place throughout the year. A Grand festival has been organized at the time of Durga Puja. During the month of chaitra a "Mela" has also been organized every year. One of the salient feature of this event is "Shobha Yatra" of Peer Ratan Nath. Every year devotees from Dang district of Nepal used to come here as an integral part of yatra. The Devi Patan Siddha Peeth had been established by Guru Gorakshnath of the Nath Sampradaya. The existing temple here is said to have been constructed King Vikramaditya. In the 1lth century King Suheldeo of Sravasti
Sravasti
had renovated the temple. The Royal family of Balrampur, is today the caretaker of the temple. A large fair takes place in Navratri and every year on Chaitra Panchami the deity of Pir Ratan Nath is brought from Dang in Nepal to the Devi Patan temple where it is worshipped along with the Devi. Apart from that Bijleshwari Devi temple is also famous among the local people.

Bijlipur, Dist. Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

The area where the temple is situated is known as Bijlipur. The temple is built by the Maharaja of Balrampur
Balrampur
in the 19th Century and is a fine example of intricate carving in red stone, which cover the whole structure.

Bijlipur, Dist. Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Starwards Public School
Starwards Public School
is an ICSE & ISE Board affiliated school in Tulsipur, Balrampur
Balrampur
District.

The sanctum sanctorum has no idol but a deep covered hole in the ground, where legend has it that lightning fell to mark the spot for the building the temple. It has the distance of about 6 kilometers from Balrampur
Balrampur
city. Jharkhandi Temple on the opposite side of Jharkhandi Railway Station of Gonda-Gorakhpur loop line attracts the attention of Balrampurites as well as other people too. The Festival of "Moharram" is celebrated with full enthusiasm.It is the landmark amongst the Moharram of whole country. In the recent past, a Daen Maha Mongkol International Meditation Centre, in Sravasti
Sravasti
India, one of the two centers (other in Thailand) has been established by Upasika Bongkot Sitthipol with the emphasis on education to cultivate virtues, great wisdom & kindness, giving rise to peace & true happiness in the world.

Daen Mahamongkol Chai, Sravasti, Uttar Pradesh, India

For almost thirty years, the training in meditation & wisdom for the public & youth from Thailand & other countries is being provided free of charge by the centre. The centre has six big halls for meditation which can accommodate up to 3000 people, each with the provision of solitary meditation in the huts along with large dining halls for devotees & visitors.[9] About 50 mts. ahead of Rahi Yatri Nivas on Balrampur-Bahriach Road (SH-26) in Sravasti, which is considered one of the most important & popular holy places of Jains. The third Tirthankar Sambhavnath was born here and it was here that he attained the ultimate light of knowledge through meditation.[10] Shobhnath Temple (Jain temple)is also located in the Mahet area of Sravasti
Sravasti
at a distance of about 1 km from Jetvan Monastery
Monastery
on the road leading to Kachchi Kuti, & Pakki Kuti. He took diksha at Sahetuk forest (hence Sahet). Few sculptures of Jain Tirthankars in standing & seated posture (belonging to 10th & 11th century) have been found during the excavations of this area. Excavations of nearby area have also exposed the remains of three temple complexes.[11] The 8th Tirthankar Lord Chandra Prabhu is also said to have meditated here. The birthday of Lord Sambhavnath is celebrated here in a big way on Kartik Purnima (Oct-Nov). During British period Balrampur
Balrampur
riyasat was one of the important states of Avadh area. The amazing Neel Bagh Palace is also situated inside the city. It is One of the most frequently visited place by the tourists. Presently Dharmendra Prasad Singh is the member of former monarchy. He is also the curator of famous Maharani Lal Kunwari Post Graduate College, Balrampur. Dynasty[edit] Balrampur
Balrampur
dynasty belongs to Janwaar Kshatriya(Descendant of Janmejay The Great Kuru King and the great grandson of Arjun) is one of the very rich dynasty in India. Currently Maharaja Dharmendra Prasad Singh holds the crown of Balrampur
Balrampur
Riyasat. The famous institution M.L.K. P.G. College

Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

[12] is established by Rajpariwar. The oldest inter college of the city Maharaja Pateshwari Prasad inter college is also established in 1883 by Rajpariwar. Beside these things Rajpariwar has opened many hospital, inn, schools etc.The famous Balrampur
Balrampur
Hospital in Lucknow
Lucknow
is one of the finest example of their charitable works. Educational facilities[edit] The royal family of Balrampur
Balrampur
promoted education in the city and set up the oldest Inter College in 1883. The Maharani Lal Kunwari Post Graduate College (M.L.K. P.G. College) was founded in 1955 with the Maharaja donating the campus and buildings of the City Palace to set up the institution.

Maharani Lal Kunwari P.G. College, Balrampur, India

[13]

Balrampur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Educational institutes[edit]

Maharani Lal Kunwari (PG) College, Balarmpur Maharaja Pateshwari Prasad Inter College, balrampur Dayanand Anglovaidik Inter College, Balrampur Kendriya Vidyalaya
Kendriya Vidyalaya
Balrampur M.Y. Usmani Inter College Utraula, Balrampur St. Xavier's High school Jesus & Mary school Starwards Public School
Starwards Public School
& College, Tulsipur, Balrampur Sharada Public School Pioneer Public School Blooming Buds Public School Modern school City montessori Balrampur Sharasvati vidya mandir Balrampur Government Girls Inter College Balrampur Bal Bharti School, Balrampur Vimla Vikram Maha Vidyalaya, Pachperwa
Pachperwa
Balrampur Darul uloom Mehboobiya Ramwapur kalan Utraula
Utraula
Balrampur Fatima school balpur road balrampur

Politics[edit]

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Before delimitation the parliamentary constituency was known as Balrampur. Presently Mr. Daddan Mishra (BJP) is representing the Shrawasti parliamentary constituency. During 2014 Lok Sabha Election Daddan Mishra defeated Atiq Ahmad of Samajwadi Party. Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
was declared elected for the first time from Balrampur
Balrampur
Loksabha seat in 1957. Although in 1962 he lost the election to Subhadra Joshi (Congress). But in 1967 once again Vajpayee emerged as a winner. In the honour of Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee new train Sushashan Express (weekly) has been started which has the route from Balrampur
Balrampur
to Gwalior means KARMBHOOMI to JANMBHOOMI of Shri Vajpayee. Mr. Jagram Paswan of "Samajwadi Party" was elected as MLA from 2012-2017 and Mr. Palturam of "BJP" is the current newly elected MLA from Balrampur
Balrampur
seat. And Mrs. Israt Jamal (wife of late Mr. Javed Hasan) of "Samajwadi Party" is the current president of municipal board.[citation needed].Late Mohd Javed Hasan is the only person who won the balrampur municipal board three time continuously. Transport[edit]

Road: Balrampur
Balrampur
is located about 160 Kilometers from the state capital Lucknow. The city is connected to Lucknow
Lucknow
through state highway 1A. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
State Road Transport Corporation buses are available from Kaiserbagh Bus Station (Lucknow) frequently. Railways: Balrampur railway station (blp) comes under North Eastern Railway.

Industry[edit] BCM- Balrampur
Balrampur
Chini Mills Limited (Sugar Factory), the largest sugar production unit in India, is located in Balrampur. During the period of British rule it was owned by BIC (British India
India
Corporation). Padmashree Minakshi Sarawagi is the Managing Director and owner of BCM. Bajaj Hindustan also has a sugar mill in the district near Utraula. Media[edit] Balrampur
Balrampur
has an All India
India
Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Balrampur. It broadcasts on FM frequencies. Notable persons[edit] Padma shri Ali Sardar Jafri Padma shri Bekal Utsahi Afroz Ahmad
Afroz Ahmad
- Environmental Scientist and Administrator, currently Member of Narmada Control Authority, Government of India References[edit]

^ Murthy, K. Krishna (1 January 1987). Glimpses Of Art, Architecture And Buddhist Literature In Ancient India. Abhinav Publications. pp. 121–122. ISBN 978-81-7017-226-0. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ Dhammika, Shravasti
Shravasti
(2005). The Buddha and His Disciples. Buddhist Publication Society. pp. 59–63. ISBN 978-955-24-0280-7. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ "BALRAMPUR". members.iinet.net.au.  ^ "Balrampur, India
India
Page". Global Gazetteer Version 2.2. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ Arch. Survey of India, 1907-8, pp.81-131 ^ Rai, Supriya (1 January 2010). Spiritual Master The Buddha. Indus Source. p. 127. ISBN 978-81-88569-05-2. Retrieved 9 June 2013.  ^ Jetavana ^ http://balrampurup.piczo.com/?g=52172633&cr=4 ^ http://www.easternuptourism.com/Dean-Mahamongkol-Chai.jsp ^ http://www.easternuptourism.com/Swetambar-Jain-Temple.jsp ^ http://www.easternuptourism.com/Shobhnath-Temple.jsp ^ Maharani Lal Kunwari P.G. College ^ "Maharan Lal Kunwari Post Graduate College". mlkpgcollege.org. 

External links[edit]

 "Balrampur". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Cities and towns in Balrampur
Balrampur
district

Balrampur

Balrampur Pachperwa Tulsipur Utraula

Other districts

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Ambedkar Nagar Amethi Amroha Auraiya Azamgarh Badaun Bagpat Bahraich Ballia Banda Barabanki Bareilly Basti Bhimnagar Bijnor Bulandshahr Chandauli Chitrakoot Deoria Etah Etawah Faizabad Farrukhabad Fatehpur Firozabad Gautam Buddha Nagar Ghaziabad Ghazipur Gonda Gorakhpur Hamirpur Hardoi Hathras Jalaun Jaunpur Jhansi Kannauj Kanpur Nagar Kanshi Ram Nagar Kaushambi Kushinagar Lakhimpur Kheri Lalitpur Lucknow Maharajganj Mahoba Mainpuri Mathura Mau Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Muzaffarnagar Panchsheel Nagar Pilibhit Prabuddhanagar Pratapgarh Raebareli Ramabai Nagar Rampur Saharanpur Sant Kabir Nagar Sant Ravidas Nagar Shahjahanpur Shravasti Siddharthnagar Sitapur Sonbhadra Sultanpur Unnao Varanasi

v t e

Devipatan division
Devipatan division
topics

General

Awadh Suhelva Sanctuary

Mythology, history

Kosala Kingdom Shravasti Jetavana Sambhavanath Aciravati Anathapindika Visakha Pasenadi Angulimala Jaunpur Sultanate

Districts

Gonda Bahraich Shravasti Balarampur

Rivers, dams, lakes

Ganges Ghaghara Rapti Sarayu Chittaura Jheel

Languages, people

Hindustani Khariboli Standard Hindi Urdu

Transport

NH 28C

Lok Sabha constituencies

Bahraich Kaiserganj Shrawasti Gonda

See also

Cities and towns in Bahraich district Cities and towns in Balrampur
Balrampur
district Cities and towns in Gonda district Cities and towns in Shravasti
Shravasti
district Villages in Balrampur
Balrampur
district Villages in Gonda district People from Bahraich People from Balrampur People from Gonda People from Shravasti
Shravasti
district

Other Divisions

Agra Aligarh Allahabad Azamgarh Bareilly Basti Chitrakoot Faizabad Gorakhpur Jhansi Kanpur Lucknow Meerut Mirzapur Moradabad Saharan