Athanasios Miaoulis (Greek: Αθανάσιος Μιαούλης, 1815 – 7 June 1867) was a Greek military officer and Prime Minister of Greece. Born in Hydra in 1815 the son of the famous Greek admiral Andreas Miaoulis, from whom he learned his navigation skills. Biography[edit] He was the son of the famous admiral Andreas Miaoulis. In 1829 he was given a scholarship at the Bavarian War College in Munich
by Ludwig of Bavaria. After his graduation he served in the Royal Navy, until his transfer to the Greek Navy
Greek Navy
three years later. Because of his fluency in English, he was appointed adjutant to king Otto of Greece.[1] He was later elected as Hydra MP (September 25, 1855) and was appointed Minister for Naval Affairs in the government of Dimitrios Voulgaris.[2] Following the resignation of Dimitrios Voulgaris, he was asked by king Otto to replace him. On November 13, he formed a government[1] which remained in power until May 1862 with various cabinet reshuffles.[3] Public opinion in Greece
considered Miaoulis' government, who also maintained his position as Minister for Naval Affairs,[1] to be pro-Austrian[4] and an obedient instrument of the king, which caused the opposition to develop a hostile mood.[1] He resigned in May 1859, after the incident of the Skiadika, but the inability of Otto's chosen, Konstantinos Kanaris, to form a government, led Miaoulis to return to power.[5] In the elections of that year, Miaoulis was re-elected as prime minister, but the government faced serious consistency issues leading to frequent cabinet reshuffles. In 1860, Miaoulis resubmitted his resignation, which was not accepted by Otto, who dissolved the parliament in November of the same year. Kalergis' refusal to form a government, led to new elections which lasted from December 1860 until March 1861. Miaoulis won again, although there were many reports of vote rigging and electoral terrorism which resulted in several strong opposition candidates to be left out of parliament.[6] Next was the attempt on Queen Amalia’s life, followed by the revolt of Nafplio. Athanasios Miaoulis resigned after the repression of the movement (April 25, 1862) giving his chair to Gennaios Kolokotronis. After the expulsion of King Otto and Queen Amalia, Athanasios Miaoulis followed them abroad. He returned during the coronation of King George I (1863), but he didn't get involved in politics[7] due to lack of public support.[8] During his spell as prime minister, he continued the work of his predecessor on carrying out different land reclamation projects that would ensure the creation of more arable land, while he saw to the completion of the excavation and bridging of Euripus Strait.[9] Athanasios Miaoulis died in 1867 in Paris.[7] References[edit]

^ a b c d Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, Εκδοτική Αθηνών Α.Ε., 1974, vol. 13 (ΙΓ'), p. 172. ^ Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1974, vol. 13, p. 166. ^ Koumoulides, John T. A.; Visvizē-Donta, Domna (1977). Greece
in transition: essays in the history of modern Greece, 1821-1974. Zeno. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-7228-0013-3. Retrieved 13 December 2011.  ^ Tryfon E. Evangelidis, Ιστορία του Όθωνος Βασιλέως της Ελλάδος (1832-1862), Εν Αθήναις, 1894, p. 605. ^ Tryfon E. Evangelidis, 1894, p. 607. ^ Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1974, vol. 13, p. 188. ^ a b Νεώτερον Εγκυκλοπαιδικόν Λεξικόν Ηλίου, vol. 13, p. 546. ^ Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1974, vol. 13, p. 237-238. ^ Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1974, vol. 13, p. 177.

Political offices

Preceded by Dimitrios Voulgaris Prime Minister of Greece 13 November 1857 – 26 May 1862 Succeeded by Gennaios Kolokotronis

v t e

Heads of government of Greece

First Hellenic Republic (1822–1832)

Mavrokordatos P. Mavromichalis Kountouriotis And. Zaimis I. Kapodistrias A. Kapodistrias

Kingdom of Greece
(Wittelsbach) (1833–1862)

Sp. Trikoupis Mavrokordatos Kolettis von Armansperg von Rudhart King Otto Mavrokordatos King Otto A. Metaxas Kanaris Mavrokordatos Kolettis Tzavelas Kountouriotis Kanaris Kriezis Mavrokordatos D. Voulgaris Miaoulis Kolokotronis

Kingdom of Greece
(Glücksburg) (1863–1924)

D. Voulgaris Moraitinis Z. Valvis Kyriakos Roufos D. Voulgaris Kanaris Z. Valvis Kanaris Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Roufos D. Voulgaris Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Roufos D. Voulgaris Koumoundouros Moraitinis D. Voulgaris Thr. Zaimis Deligeorgis Koumoundouros Thr. Zaimis D. Voulgaris Deligeorgis D. Voulgaris Ch. Trikoupis Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Koumoundouros Deligeorgis Koumoundouros Kanaris Koumoundouros Ch. Trikoupis Koumoundouros Ch. Trikoupis Koumoundouros Ch. Trikoupis Diligiannis D. Valvis Ch. Trikoupis Diligiannis Konstantopoulos Ch. Trikoupis Sotiropoulos Ch. Trikoupis Deligiannis Diligiannis D. Rallis Al. Zaimis G. Theotokis Al. Zaimis Diligiannis G. Theotokis D. Rallis G. Theotokis Diligiannis D. Rallis G. Theotokis D. Rallis K. Mavromichalis Dragoumis El. Venizelos Gounaris El. Venizelos Al. Zaimis Skouloudis Al. Zaimis Kalogeropoulos El. Venizelos2 Lambros Al. Zaimis El. Venizelos D. Rallis Kalogeropoulos Gounaris Stratos Protopapadakis Triantafyllakos Charalambis Krokidas Gonatas El. Venizelos Kafantaris

Second Hellenic Republic (1924–1935)

Papanastasiou Sofoulis Michalakopoulos Pangalos1 Eftaxias1 Kondylis3 Al. Zaimis El. Venizelos Papanastasiou El. Venizelos P. Tsaldaris El. Venizelos Othonaios3 P. Tsaldaris

Kingdom of Greece
(Glücksburg) (1935–1973)

Kondylis1 Demertzis I. Metaxas1 Koryzis Tsouderos2 Tsolakoglou4 Logothetopoulos4 I. Rallis4 Bakirtzis2 S. Venizelos2 Svolos2 G. Papandreou (Sr.) Plastiras P. Voulgaris Archbishop Damaskinos Kanellopoulos Sofoulis Poulitsas3 K. Tsaldaris Maximos K. Tsaldaris Sofoulis Vafeiadis2 Zachariadis2 Partsalidis2 Diomidis I. Theotokis3 S. Venizelos Plastiras S. Venizelos Plastiras Kiousopoulos3 Papagos K. Karamanlis (Sr.) Georgakopoulos3 K. Karamanlis (Sr.) Dovas3 K. Karamanlis (Sr.) Pipinelis Sty. Mavromichalis3 G. Papandreou (Sr.) Paraskevopoulos3 G. Papandreou (Sr.) Novas Tsirimokos Stefanopoulos Paraskevopoulos3 Kanellopoulos3

Military Junta (1967–1974)

Kollias1 Papadopoulos1 Markezinis1 Androutsopoulos1

Third Hellenic Republic (since 1974)

K. Karamanlis (Sr.) G. Rallis A. Papandreou Tzannetakis Grivas3 Zolotas Mitsotakis A. Papandreou Simitis K. Karamanlis (Jr.) G. Papandreou (Jr.) Papademos3 Pikrammenos3 Samaras Tsipras Thanou3 Tsipras

1Head of military/dictatorial government. 2Head of rival government not controlling Athens. 3Head of emergency or caretaker government. 4Head of collaborationist government during the Axis occupation