The Asian Games, also known as Asiad,[1] is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation (AGF) from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until the 1978 Games. Since the 1982 Games they have been organized by the Olympic Council of Asia
(OCA), after the breakup of the Asian Games
Asian Games
Federation.[2] The Games are recognized by the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
(IOC) and are described as the second largest multi-sport event after the Olympic Games.[3][4] In its history, nine nations have hosted the Asian Games. Forty-six nations have participated in the Games, including Israel, which was excluded from the Games after their last participation in 1974. The most recent games was held in Incheon, South Korea
South Korea
from 19 September to 4 October 2014, while the next games will be held in Jakarta
and Palembang, Indonesia
from 18 August to 2 September 2018.


1 History

1.1 Prior formation 1.2 Formation 1.3 Crisis, reorganization, expansion

2 Flag 3 Participation 4 List of Asian Games 5 Sports

5.1 Disciplines

6 Medal count 7 Samsung MVP award 8 Centennial Festival 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Prior formation[edit] Before the Asian Games
Asian Games
were held, a gathering known as the Far Eastern Championship Games existed which was first mooted in 1912 at a location set between the Empire of Japan, the Philippine Islands, and China. The Far Eastern Games were first held in Manila
in 1913 with 6 participating nations. Ten more Far Eastern Games were held until 1934. Against the backdrop of the second Sino-Japanese War in 1934, in the face of Japan's insistence on including Manchu Empire as a competitor nation in the Games, China
announced its withdrawal from participation. Consequently, the Far Eastern Games scheduled for 1938 were cancelled. The organization was ultimately discontinued. Formation[edit] After World War II, a number of Asian countries became independent. Many of the newly independent Asian countries desired the formation of a new type of competition whereby Asian dominance was not expressed through violence, but instead strengthened through mutual understanding. During the 1948 Summer Olympics
1948 Summer Olympics
in London, a conversation between sportsmen from China
and the Philippines
raised the idea of restoring the Far Eastern Games. However, Guru Dutt Sondhi, the Indian International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
representative, did not believe that restoration of the Far Eastern Games would sufficiently display the spirit of unity and level of achievement taking place in Asian sports. As a result, he proposed to sports leaders the idea of having a wholly new competition  – which came to be the Asian Games. This led to an agreement to form the Asian Athletic Federation. A preparatory committee was then set up to draft the charter for this new body. On 13 February 1949, the Asian Athletic Federation was formally inaugurated in New Delhi, alongside the name Asian Games
Asian Games
Federation, with New Delhi
New Delhi
announced as the first host city of the Asian Games
Asian Games
which were scheduled to be held in 1950.[5][6] Crisis, reorganization, expansion[edit]

The first Asian Games
Asian Games
opening ceremony

Starting in 1962, the Games were hit by several crises. First, the host country Indonesia, refused to permit the participation of Israel and Taiwan due to political and religious issues. As a result, the IOC removed its sponsorship of the Games and terminated Indonesia
as one of the IOC members.[7] The Asian Football Confederation
Asian Football Confederation
(AFC),[8] International Amateur Athletics Federation (IAAF) and International Weightlifting Federation (IWF), also removed their recognition of the Games.[9][10] In 1970, South Korea
South Korea
dropped its plan to host the Games allegedly due to national security crisis, however the main reason was due to financial crisis, forcing the previous host Thailand
to administer the Games again in Bangkok
using funds transferred from South Korea.[11] Prior to the Games, Japan
was asked to host the Games, but declined due to Expo '70
Expo '70
in Osaka.[12] This edition also marked the first time the Games have a television broadcasting throughout the world.[13] In Tehran, in 1974, the Games formally recognized the participation of China, North Korea and Mongolia. Israel was allowed to participate despite the opposition from Arab world, while Taiwan was permitted to continue taking part (as "Chinese Taipei") even though its status was abolished in general meeting on 16 November 1973 by Games Federation.[14] Prior to 1978 Games, Pakistan
dropped its plan to host the Games in 1975 due to financial crisis and political issues.[15] Thailand offered to help and the Games were once again held in Bangkok. However, like in 1962, Taiwan and Israel were refused the participation by Games Federation, amid political issues and security fears.[16] Several governing bodies protested against the ban, like IAAF, threatened to bar the participating players from 1980 Summer Olympics,[17] this caused several teams to withdraw prior to the Games.[18] Following this series of crises, the National Olympic Committees in Asia
decided to revise the constitution of the Asian Games
Asian Games
Federation. A new association, named the Olympic Council of Asia, was created in November 1981 with the exclusion of Israel.[19] India
was already scheduled to host the 1982 Games and the OCA decided not to drop the old AGF timetable. The OCA formally supervised the Games starting with the 1986 Asian Games
1986 Asian Games
in South Korea.[20] In the succeeding Games, Taiwan (Republic of China) was re-admitted, but was forced by the People's Republic of China
to compete under the name Chinese Taipei.[21] In 1994, the Games included the former republics of the Soviet Union: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan for the first time. It was also the first time that the Games had been held outside the capital city of the host country.[22] However, Iraq was suspended from the Games due to the Persian Gulf War
Persian Gulf War
in 1990, while North Korea boycotted the Games due to political issues. It was also marred by the death of Nareshkumar Adhikari, the chief of Nepalese delegation during the Games' opening ceremony.[23] The 1998 Games marked the fourth time the Games had been held in Bangkok, Thailand. The fourth opening ceremony occurred on 6 December, compared to 9 December for the previous three. All four games were opened by King Bhumibol Adulyadej. The date of the closing ceremony was 20 December, like the previous three games hosted by Thailand. Flag[edit] The Asian Games
Asian Games
Movement uses symbols to represent the ideals embodied in the Asian Games
Asian Games
charter. The Asian Games
Asian Games
flag has four editions. Participation[edit] See also: Olympic Council of Asia

2006 Asian Games

All 45 members affiliated to the Olympic Council of Asia
(OCA) are eligible to take part in the Games. According to membership in the OCA, transcontinental Kazakhstan participates in the Asian Games
Asian Games
but Egypt does not, participating in the All-Africa Games
All-Africa Games
instead. Various countries participating in the European Games
European Games
rather than the Asian Games
Asian Games
are partially or fully in Asia: Turkey, Russia (major parts in Asia); Azerbaijan, Georgia (almost completely in Asia); Cyprus, Armenia, Israel (fully in Asia). In history, 46 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) have sent competitors to the Games. Israel has been excluded from the Games since 1976, the reason cited as being due to security reasons.[24] Israel requested to participate in the 1982 Games, but the request was rejected by the organizers due to the Munich massacre.[25] Israel is now a member of the European Olympic Committees
European Olympic Committees
(EOC) and competes at the European Games. Taiwan, Palestine, Hong Kong, and Macau participate in the Asian Games according to membership in OCA. Due to its continuing ambiguous political status, Taiwan participates in the Games under the flag of Chinese Taipei
Chinese Taipei
since 1990. Macau NOC is allowed to compete as one of the NOCs in Asian Games, despite not being recognized by the International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
(IOC) for participation in the Olympic Games. In 2007, the President of OCA, Sheikh Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah, rejected proposal to allow Australia to participate in the Games. He stated that while Australia would add good value to the Asian Games, it would be unfair to the Oceania
National Olympic Committees (ONOC).[26] Being members of ONOC, Australia and New Zealand participates in Pacific Games
Pacific Games
since 2015. This motion was mooted again in 2017 after Australia participation in 2017 Winter Games as they are in discussions of become full Asian Games
Asian Games
member from 2022 or 2026.[27] However Australian Olympic Committee
Australian Olympic Committee
announced that Australia will be allowed a small contingent of athletes for 2022 Games as long as the qualification for Summer Olympics event are through the Asia, like basketball and volleyball.[28] Only seven countries, namely India, Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Thailand
have competed in all editions of the games. List of Asian Games[edit]

1951, 1982



1962, 2018

1966, 1970, 1978, 1998












Host cities of the Asian Games

Edition Year Host City Host Nation Opened by Start Date End Date Nations Competitors Sports Events Top Placed Team Ref.

I 1951 New Delhi  India President Rajendra Prasad 4 March 11 March 11 489 6 57  Japan (JPN) [29]

II 1954 Manila  Philippines President Ramon Magsaysay 1 May 9 May 18 970 8 76  Japan (JPN) [30]

III 1958 Tokyo  Japan Emperor Hirohito 24 May 1 June 16 1,820 13 97  Japan (JPN) [31]

IV 1962 Jakarta  Indonesia President Sukarno 24 August 4 September 12 1,460 13 88  Japan (JPN) [32]

V 1966 Bangkok  Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej 9 December 20 December 16 1,945 14 143  Japan (JPN) [33]

VI 1970 Bangkok  Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej 9 December 20 December 16 2,400 13 135  Japan (JPN) [34]

VII 1974 Tehran  Iran Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 1 September 16 September 19 3,010 16 202  Japan (JPN) [35]

VIII 1978 Bangkok  Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej 9 December 20 December 19 3,842 19 201  Japan (JPN) [36]

IX 1982 New Delhi  India President Zail Singh 19 November 4 December 23 3,411 21 147  China (CHN) [37]

X 1986 Seoul  South Korea President Chun Doo-hwan 20 September 5 October 22 4,839 25 270  China (CHN) [38]

XI 1990 Beijing  China President Yang Shangkun 22 September 7 October 36 6,122 27 310  China (CHN) [39]

XII 1994 Hiroshima  Japan Emperor Akihito 2 October 16 October 42 6,828 34 337  China (CHN) [40]

XIII 1998 Bangkok  Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej 6 December 20 December 41 6,554 36 376  China (CHN) [41]

XIV 2002 Busan  South Korea President Kim Dae-jung 29 September 14 October 44 7,711 38 419  China (CHN) [42]

XV 2006 Doha  Qatar Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani 1 December 15 December 45 9,520 39 424  China (CHN) [43]

XVI 2010 Guangzhou  China Premier Wen Jiabao 12 November 27 November 45 9,704 42 476  China (CHN) [44]

XVII 2014 Incheon  South Korea President Park Geun-hye 19 September 4 October 45 9,501 36 439  China (CHN) [45]

XVIII 2018 Jakarta-Palembang  Indonesia

18 August 2 September 45 TBD 40 462 TBD [46]

XIX 2022 Hangzhou  China

10 September 25 September Future event [47]

XX 2026 Nagoya  Japan

18 September 3 October Future event [48]

Sports[edit] Main article: Asian Games
Asian Games
sports Fifty one sports, spanning 39 different disciplines and nearly 400 events, have been part of the Asian Games
Asian Games
program at one point or another, including 2018 Games in Jakarta
and Palembang. The most program was forty-two sports, have comprised the schedule for 2010 Games.

Sport Years

Archery Since 1978

Athletics All

Badminton Since 1962

Baseball Since 1994

Basketball All

Board games 2006–2010

Bodybuilding 2002–2006

Bowling 1978, 1986, since 1994

Boxing Since 1954

Canoeing Since 1986

Contract bridge 2018 only

Cricket 2010–2014

Cue sports 1998–2010

Cycling 1951, since 1958

Dancesport 2010 only

Dragon boat 2010 only

Diving All

Equestrian 1982–1986, since 1994

Fencing 1974–1978, since 1986

Field hockey Since 1958

Football All

Golf Since 1982

Gymnastics Since 1974

Handball Since 1982

Judo Since 1986

Sport Years

Kabaddi Since 1990

Karate Since 1994

Martial art sports 2018 only

Mechanical sports 2018 only

Modern pentathlon 1994, 2002, since 2010

Roller sports 2010

Rowing Since 1982

Rugby sevens Since 1998

Sailing 1970, since 1978

Sepak takraw Since 1990

Shooting Since 1954

Sport climbing 2018 only

Softball since 1990

Soft tennis since 1990

Squash since 1998

Swimming All

Synchronized Swimming Since 1994

Table tennis 1958–1966, since 1974

Taekwondo 1986, since 1994

Tennis 1958–1966, since 1974

Triathlon Since 2006

Volleyball Since 1958

Water polo All

Weightlifting 1951–1958, since 1966

Wrestling Since 1954

Wushu Since 1990


Sport Disciplines Years

Aquatics Diving All

Swimming All

Synchronized Swimming Since 1994

Water polo All

Baseball Baseball Since 1994

Softball Since 1990

Basketball Basketball All

3x3 basketball 2018 only

Board games Chess 2006–2010

Go 2010

Xiangqi 2010

Canoeing Slalom canoeing Since 2010

Sprint canoeing Since 1990

Cycling BMX racing Since 2010

Mountain biking 1998–2002, since 2010

Road cycling 1951, since 1958

Track cycling 1951, 1958, since 1966

Equestrian Dressage 1986, since 1994

Endurance 2006 only

Eventing 1982–1986, since 1998

Jumping 1982–1986, since 1994

Tent pegging 1986 only

Gymnastics Artistic gymnastics Since 1974

Rhythmic gymnastics Since 1994

Trampoline Since 2006

Martial art sports Jujutsu 2018 only

Pencak silat 2018 only

Wushu 2018 only ¹

Mechanical sports Paragliding 2018 only

Jetski 2018 only

Roller sports Artistic roller skating 2010 only

Roller speed skating 2010 only

Rugby union Rugby union 1998–2002

Rugby sevens Since 1998

Tennis Tennis 1958–1966, since 1974

Soft tennis Since 1994

Volleyball Volleyball Since 1958

Nine-a-side volleyball 1958–1962

Beach volleyball Since 1998

Medal count[edit] Main article: All-time Asian Games
Asian Games
medal table Of the 45 National Olympic Committees participating throughout the history of the Games, 43 nations have won at least a single medal in the competition, leaving three nations: Bhutan, Maldives and Timor-Leste yet to win a single medal. 37 nations have won at least one gold medal (only Japan
and India
have done so at every Asian Games), while Japan
and China
became the only two nations in history to emerge as overall champions.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total

1  China (CHN) 1,342 900 653 2,895

2  Japan (JPN) 957 980 913 2,850

3  South Korea (KOR) 696 606 761 2,063

4  Iran (IRI) 159 161 175 495

5  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 140 141 200 481

6  India (IND) 139 178 299 616

7  Thailand (THA) 121 159 233 513

8  North Korea (PRK) 98 132 166 396

9  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 82 125 245 452

10  Philippines (PHI) 63 112 215 390

Samsung MVP award[edit] Samsung introduced the Most Valuable Player (MVP) award in Asian Games beginning in the 1998 Games in Bangkok, Thailand. Below is the list of winners:

Year Athlete Sport Ref

1998 Koji Ito Athletics [49]

2002 Kosuke Kitajima Swimming [49]

2006 Park Tae-hwan Swimming [50]

2010 Lin Dan Badminton [51]

2014 Kosuke Hagino Swimming [52]

Centennial Festival[edit] On 8 November 2012, the OCA decided at its 31st General Assembly in Macau to create a special multi-sport event called Asian Games Centennial Festival in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Oriental Games (later became Far Eastern Championship Games).[53] OCA awarded the Philippines
the hosting rights as it was the same host 100 years ago. The event was originally scheduled to be held in Boracay Island, Malay, Aklan
Malay, Aklan
on 27 to 29 November 2013 but due to the events surrounding Typhoon Haiyan, it was moved to January 2014.[54] References[edit]

^ China's Great Leap: The Beijing
Games and Olympian Human Rights Challenges. Seven Stories. 2011-01-04. ISBN 9781583228432.  ^ "OCA History". OCA. Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ " Asian Games
Asian Games
Taps Three-Time Olympic Sportscaster For New Sports Radio Talk
Show". Sports Biz Asia. 8 February 2010. Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010.  ^ "Fully renovated basketball arena ready for Asian Games". Sports City. 22 July 2009. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 8 September 2010.  ^ "亚运会是从什么时候开始举办的,每几年举办一次?". Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ "亚运会的前世今生:前身远东运动会 中国成绩优异". Sina. 4 August 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ "Track: Asian Games
Asian Games
Dropped By Olympics". Daytona Beach. 23 August 1962. Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ "第4届 1962年雅加达亚运会". Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ "Penalty Dealt to Indonesia". Spokane Daily Chronicles. 13 September 1962. Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ "Warning". The Age. 30 August 1962. Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ "第六届 1970年曼谷亚运会". Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "Thailand's Sporting Spirit". Pattaya Mail Sports. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "第六届 1970年曼谷亚运会". data.sports.163. Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ "第七届 1974年德黑兰亚运会". Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ "第8届 1978年曼谷亚运会". Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ " Asian Games Federation says no to Israel". Anchorage Daily News. 3 June 1978. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ "New Israeli rejection forces Asian athletes to risk Olympic hope". The Montreal Gazette. 22 November 1978. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ "Indonesia, Hong Kong protest ban on Israel". St. Petersburg Times. 4 December 1978. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ "Israelis facing Asian ban". Ottawa Citizen. 10 December 1981. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ "Olympics". The Montreal Gazette. 28 November 1981. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ " China
welcomes Taiwan's AG trip". Manila
Standard. 16 July 1988. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ "第12届 1994年广岛亚运会". Archived from the original on 2 December 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ "Let the Games Begin". New Straits Times. 3 October 1994. Retrieved 9 October 2010.  ^ " Asian Games
Asian Games
ban Israel". St. Petersburg Times. 26 July 1976. Retrieved 29 July 2007.  ^ "Israel not invited to Asian Games". Lakeland Ledger. 26 May 1982. Retrieved 29 July 2007. [dead link] ^ "No place for Australia in Asian Games". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2007-04-17. Retrieved 2010-07-29.  ^ Harper, Tony (21 February 2017). "Australia in discussions to take part in Asian Games
Asian Games
from 2022". Fox Sports. Retrieved 6 August 2017.  ^ " Oceania
nations allowed small quota of athletes at 2022 Asian Games". The Indian Express. Reuters. 21 September 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017.  ^ "1st AG New Delhi
New Delhi
1951". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "2nd AG Manila
1954". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "3rd AG Tokyo
1958". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "4th AG Jakarta
1962". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "5th AG Bangkok
1966". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "6th AG Bangkok
1970". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "7th AG Tehran
1974". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "8th AG Bangkok
1978". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "9th AG New Delhi
New Delhi
1982". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "10th AG Seoul
1986". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "11th AG Beijing
1990". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "12th AG Hiroshima
1994". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "13th AG Bangkok
1998". OCA. Retrieved 22 July 2010.  ^ "14th AG Busan
2002". OCA. Retrieved 29 September 2002.  ^ "15th AG Doha
2006". OCA. Retrieved 1 December 2006.  ^ "16th AG Guangzhou
2010". OCA. Retrieved 22 November 2010.  ^ "17th AG Incheon
2014". OCA. Retrieved 19 September 2014.  ^ "18th AG Jakarta- Palembang
2018". OCA. Retrieved 20 September 2014.  ^ "19th AG Hangzhou
2022". OCA. Retrieved 16 September 2015.  ^ Sporting Asia
(35 ed.). OCA. December 2016. p. 7. Retrieved 27 January 2018.  ^ a b "Outstanding Japanese athletes in Asian Games". 21 January 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.  ^ "S Korean Swimmer Park Named MVP". 16 December 2006. Retrieved 8 May 2011.  ^ " Lin Dan
Lin Dan
voted Asian Games
Asian Games
MVP". Jakarta
Post. 28 November 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.  ^ "Samsung MVP Award: 2014 MVP is Kosuke Hagino of Japan". The Korea Herald. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.  ^ "OCA General Assembly opens in Macau". OCA. Retrieved 9 November 2012.  ^ " Philippines
to host 2013 Centennial Asian Games". Inquirer Sports. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 

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