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The 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
(Scottish Gaelic: Geamannan a 'Cho-fhlaitheis 2014), officially known as the XX Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Glasgow
Glasgow
2014, (Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu 2014), was an international multi-sport event celebrated in the tradition of the Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
as governed by the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF). It took place in Glasgow, Scotland, from 23 July to 3 August 2014. Glasgow
Glasgow
was selected as the host city on 9 November 2007 during CGF General Assembly in Colombo, Sri Lanka, defeating Abuja, Nigeria. It was the largest multi-sport event ever held in Scotland
Scotland
with around 4,950 athletes from 71 different nations and territories competing in 18 different sports, outranking the 1970 and 1986 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh. Over the last 10 years, however, Glasgow
Glasgow
and Scotland had staged World, Commonwealth, European, or British events in all sports proposed for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, including the World Badminton
Badminton
Championships in 1997.[6] The Games received acclaim for their organisation, attendance, and the public enthusiasm of the people of Scotland, with CGF chief executive Mike Hooper hailing them as "the standout games in the history of the movement".[7][8] Held in Scotland
Scotland
for the third time, the Games were notable for the successes of the Home Nations
Home Nations
of the United Kingdom, with England, Wales and hosts Scotland
Scotland
achieving their largest ever gold medal hauls and overall medal hauls at a Commonwealth Games.[9][10] England
England
finished top of the medal table for the first time since the 1986 Commonwealth Games, also held in Scotland. Kiribati
Kiribati
also won its first ever medal at a Commonwealth Games, a gold in the 105 kg men's weightlifting competition.[11]

Contents

1 Host selection 2 Development and preparation

2.1 Venues 2.2 Athletes' village 2.3 Queen's baton relay 2.4 Budget 2.5 Opening ceremony 2.6 Closing ceremony

3 Participating teams 4 Calendar 5 Sports 6 Medal table 7 Marketing

7.1 Bid and interim logo 7.2 Sponsors 7.3 The Games brand identity 7.4 Mascot

8 Controversies

8.1 Drug doping and testing

9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Host selection[edit] Main articles: Bids for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, Glasgow
Glasgow
bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, and Abuja
Abuja
bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games

Special
Special
liveries in support of Glasgow's bid were applied to numerous subway carriages.

Scotland
Scotland
was the first country to consider hosting the 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
in 2004, with Scottish cities being invited by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland
Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland
to consider making a bid. In September 2004, Glasgow
Glasgow
was announced as the Scottish candidate city over Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(which hosted the Games in 1970 and 1986, and the inaugural Commonwealth Youth Games
Commonwealth Youth Games
in 2000) following a cost-benefit analysis by the Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
Council for Scotland. The Scottish Executive under then First Minister of Scotland, Jack McConnell, with the support of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
government and all main parties in the Scottish Parliament, formally announced Glasgow's intention to host the games on 16 August 2005.[12][13] In March 2006, the bidding process began, with the Glasgow
Glasgow
Bidding team presenting their case to the Commonwealth Games Federation
Commonwealth Games Federation
at the 2006 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
in Melbourne, along with the other confirmed candidate cities; the Nigerian capital, Abuja
Abuja
and Halifax in Canada.[14] In October 2006, the first voting delegates arrived in Glasgow, to inspect the city's existing and proposed amenities and facilities. Glasgow
Glasgow
announced on 16 January 2007, the 17 sports to be included should its bid be successful.[15] Halifax later withdrew its bid on 8 March 2007, following the withdrawal of funding from the municipal government.[16]

Glasgow
Glasgow
city centre.

That left Abuja
Abuja
and Glasgow
Glasgow
as the remaining bidders, with Abuja
Abuja
seen as a likely favourite due to the basis of its campaign that an African nation has never before hosted the Commonwealth Games.[17] The deadline for formal submission of bids to the Commonwealth Games Federation, in the form of a Candidate City File, was set for May 2007.[18] Both bids were highly recommended, though Glasgow's bid team had made use of extensive benchmarking against the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester and the 2006 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
in Melbourne
Melbourne
and as a result, its bid was deemed technically superior according to the CGF Evaluation Report that was released in September 2007. The Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
Evaluation Commission concluded that: " Glasgow
Glasgow
has shown it has the ability to stage the 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
to a standard which would continue to enhance the image and prestige of the Games." This put Glasgow
Glasgow
ahead in terms of the technical comprehensiveness of its bid.[19] The final decision on the host city of the 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
on 9 November 2007 at the Commonwealth Games Federation General Assembly, attended by all 71 Commonwealth Games member associations. Each bid city made a presentation to the General Assembly, the order of which was determined by drawing lots. Glasgow's delegation was led by Louise Martin, chair of the Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
Council for Scotland, First Minister Alex Salmond, athlete Jamie Quarry and Leader of Glasgow
Glasgow
City Council Steven Purcell. The presentation also included a promotional film narrated by Sean Connery.[20] Abuja's delegation was led by General Yakubu Gowon, head of the Abuja
Abuja
2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
bid team. The CGF members later voted for their preferred candidate in a secret ballot. As there were only two bids, the winner was announced by the CGF President, Mike Fennel, after the first round of voting, with the winner only requiring a simple majority. The results of the bidding process were as follows:

2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
bidding results

City Country Votes

Glasgow  Scotland 47

Abuja  Nigeria 24

Development and preparation[edit] Venues[edit] Main article: Venues for the 2014 Commonwealth Games

The Clyde auditorium hosted weightlifting

Sir Chris Hoy
Chris Hoy
Velodrome hosted the track cycling

The SSE Hydro
SSE Hydro
arena hosted Gymnastics, Boxing
Boxing
and Netball
Netball
events

Royal Commonwealth Pool, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
hosted the Diving
Diving
event

The Commonwealth Arena and Sir Chris Hoy
Chris Hoy
Velodrome precinct is situated at Parkhead
Parkhead
in the East End of the city, the velodrome itself is opposite Celtic Park, which was used for the opening ceremony. These venues hosted the Badminton
Badminton
as well as Track cycling. The Road cycling and Cycling
Cycling
Time-trial events started and finished at Glasgow Green. Glasgow
Glasgow
Green was the venue for Field hockey
Field hockey
and saw the construction of a new Glasgow
Glasgow
Green Hockey Centre. Tollcross International Swimming Centre, was the venue for Swimming events. It already had one Olympic standard 50 metre swimming pool, which was extensively upgraded, and a second 50-metre pool was added for the Games as a warm-up facility. The existing permanent seating capacity was increased by 1,000. Combined with additional temporary seating there was over 5,000 seats for the Games. Ibrox Stadium, in the South Side, was the venue for the Rugby Sevens tournament. Mountain biking
Mountain biking
was held on the Cathkin Braes
Cathkin Braes
in Rutherglen, the Royal Burgh neighbouring the City. The Marathon
Marathon
began and ended at Hampden Park
Hampden Park
in the South Side, which hosted all the track and field events as well as the closing ceremony. The Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre, located in the West End of the city, hosted the Wrestling, Judo
Judo
and Boxing, as well as the Main Press Centre and the International Broadcast Centre, benefiting from its strategic position adjacent to the headquarters of BBC Scotland
Scotland
and STV at Pacific Quay. The Clyde Auditorium
Clyde Auditorium
hosted Weightlifting, whilst the new SSE Hydro
SSE Hydro
was used for the Gymnastics and Netball
Netball
events. Kelvingrove Park, also in the city's West End, was the venue for Bowls
Bowls
and has five bowling greens installed for competitive use. A comprehensive upgrade and refurbishment of the park was completed ahead of the Games. Scotstoun Leisure Centre
Scotstoun Leisure Centre
hosted Table tennis
Table tennis
and Squash.[21] The Shooting
Shooting
competitions took place at the Ministry of Defence full-bore rifle and clay target ranges at Barry Buddon, near Dundee, which were also used in the 1986 Commonwealth Games. There were temporary ranges built for the small-bore rifle and pistol events. Diving
Diving
was held at the Royal Commonwealth Pool
Royal Commonwealth Pool
in Edinburgh, located 45 miles (72 km) to the east, which held the annual Edinburgh Festival at the same time as the 2014 Commonwealth Games. Strathclyde Country Park, beside Hamilton and Motherwell, hosted the Triathlon event.[22] Athletes' village[edit]

The 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
athlete's village at Glasgow

The Athletes Village for the 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
was situated on a 35 hectare site, in the east end of Glasgow. The whole project has been designed by the Paul Stallan Studio @ RMJM. Primarily the site was used as accommodation for the athletes competing in the games as well as team officials from every competing nation for the duration of the games. As well as accommodation the athletes' village also provided an exclusive retail area for the athletes as well as a dining hall and medical facilities. This is to ensure the athletes and officials have a comfortable stay and have everything they need near by. Throughout the Games period, transport played a crucial role for those enjoying the Games, those working at the Games, and those competing at the Games. Glasgow
Glasgow
hosted 4,500 athletes who required transportation between the Athletes' Village, training venues, and competition venues. Athletes travelled in minibuses or coaches, which used, where necessary, dedicated lanes – known as the Games Route Network – to ensure they are given priority over other traffic in a similar way buses are in bus lanes. These lanes formed part of a larger dedicated Games Route Network that was also used by the people working on the Games.[23] Queen's baton relay[edit]

Queen's Baton Relay
Queen's Baton Relay
in Thurso, Scotland

The Queen's Baton Relay
Queen's Baton Relay
began its 190,000 km journey on 9 October 2013. The baton travelled via 70 nations and territories over 288 days before opening the games on the 23 July 2014. At the ceremony, 32 inspiring volunteers from across Scotland
Scotland
carried the baton around Celtic Park
Celtic Park
Stadium after being nominated for giving their time to developing the nation's youth through sport. The baton was then passed to Sir Chris Hoy, who delivered it to President of the Commonwealth Games Federation HRH Prince Imran and the Queen who then declared the games open.[24] The BBC
BBC
provided coverage of the relay. Adventurer Mark Beaumont presented a series of documentaries filmed on the relay for BBC
BBC
One Scotland, there were also weekly updates for BBC News
BBC News
and a BBC
BBC
News website and blog written by Mark.[25] Budget[edit]

Queen's Baton

The total games budget was £575.6 million (US$ 720.8 million). This figure included £472.3 million for Glasgow
Glasgow
2014 and £90 million for security. The Glasgow
Glasgow
2014 budget of £472.3 million was made up of £372 million of public money with the remainder coming from commercial income generated through sponsorship, ticket sales, broadcasting rights and merchandise sales. However, the games were under-budget. More than £25 million were saved. Former First minister of Scotland, Alex Salmond
Alex Salmond
said that the left over money would be invested in the National Health Service
National Health Service
of Scotland. Lord Smith of Kelvin, Chairman of the Glasgow
Glasgow
2014 said: "It gives me considerable pride to now be able to say that Glasgow
Glasgow
and Scotland
Scotland
have made Games history - and have done so well within budget."[26] Opening ceremony[edit] Main article: Opening ceremony of the 2014 Commonwealth Games Directed by David Zolkwer with David Proctor (Executive Producer) and Sarah Gardiner (Creative Producer). The programme, which included about 2,000 performers, featured Karen Dunbar, John Barrowman, Amy Macdonald, Rod Stewart, Susan Boyle, Nicola Benedetti, Julie Fowlis, Eric Whitacre, and Pumeza Matshikiza, as well as a message from the International Space Station. The ceremony began with a countdown and a recorded video message from Scottish actor Ewan McGregor, explaining the partnership between the Games and UNICEF. Following the arrival of the Queen there was a flypast by the Red Arrows display team. The venue featured the largest LED video screen in Europe, supplied by Sports Technology. Scotland's then First Minister Alex Salmond
Alex Salmond
welcomed the participants and spectators, and introduced a moment of silence in memory of the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 disaster. The final part of the Queen's Baton Relay was run by 32 Scottish volunteers nominated for giving their time to developing the nation's youth through sport. The baton was then passed to Sir Chris Hoy, who delivered it to President of the Commonwealth Games Federation
Commonwealth Games Federation
HRH Prince Imran and the Queen. The display of the message concealed within the baton was delayed by a difficulty in opening the device. The Games were launched in partnership with UNICEF, to save and change children’s lives. The unique partnership aimed "to use the power of sport to reach every child in Scotland
Scotland
and benefit children in every Commonwealth nation and territory." In the culmination of a groundbreaking partnership with UNICEF, the ceremony inspired millions to text donations to our shared ‘Put Children First’ campaign, which raised £3.5 million on the night and more than £5 million to date.[27] Closing ceremony[edit] Main article: Closing ceremony of the 2014 Commonwealth Games Directed by David Zolkwer with David Proctor (Executive Producer) and Sarah Gardiner (Creative Producer). The closing ceremony took a visual theme of a music festival, with performers, tents, and flags within the stadium. The ceremony began with Scottish singer Lulu welcoming the athletes of the games. Scottish band Deacon Blue
Deacon Blue
performed their signature song "Dignity". During this the workers of Glasgow
Glasgow
were recognised as they paraded along the front of the main stand at Hampden, some on foot, others in their work vehicles. Local band Prides performed their hit song "Messiah". Speeches followed, with Prince Imran telling the crowd that the games were "pure dead brilliant", a local Glaswegian term. The games were officially closed and handed over to the Gold Coast for 2018, who began their own performance with Australian singer Jessica Mauboy. Kylie Minogue
Kylie Minogue
then performed a seven-song set list, while the volunteer cast told the story of "a typical Glasgow
Glasgow
night out". Her costume was designed by Jean Paul Gaultier
Jean Paul Gaultier
and headpiece designed by millinery designer Lara Jensen. The show ended with Dougie MacLean performing Caledonia with the other performers, and a performance of "Auld Lang Syne".[28] Participating teams[edit] There were 71 participating nations at the 2014 Commonwealth Games with approximately 4,950 competing athletes, making it one of the largest Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
staged to date. On 7 October 2013, The Gambia, having withdrawn from the Commonwealth five days earlier, confirmed that it would not be taking part in the games.[29] In this table the number of athletes sent is shown in parenthesis.

Nations that competed at the 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
in Glasgow

Participating Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
Associations

 Anguilla (12)[30]  Antigua and Barbuda (20)[31]  Australia (417)[32]  Bahamas (53)[33]  Bangladesh (30)[34]  Barbados (63)[35]  Belize (12)[36]  Bermuda (18)[37]  Botswana (18)[38]  British Virgin Islands (10)[39]  Brunei (1)[40]  Cameroon (62)[41]  Canada (265)[42]  Cayman Islands (28)[43]  Cook Islands (26)[44]  Cyprus (51)[45]  Dominica (11)[46]  England (416)[47]  Falkland Islands (25)[48]  Fiji (26)[49]  Ghana (104)[50]  Gibraltar (27)[51]  Grenada (16)[52]  Guernsey (39)[53]  Guyana (28)[54]  India (215)[55][56]  Isle of Man (46)[57]  Jamaica (114)[58]  Jersey (40)[59]  Kenya (184)[60]  Kiribati (20)[61]  Lesotho (27)[62]  Malawi (30)[63]  Malaysia (180)[64]  Maldives (25)[65]  Malta (29)[66]  Mauritius (62)[67]  Montserrat (4)[68]  Mozambique (17)[69]  Namibia (35)[70]  Nauru (10)[71]  New Zealand (238)[72]  Nigeria (127)[73]  Niue (26)[74]  Norfolk Island (24)[75]  Northern Ireland (117)[76]  Pakistan (62)[77]  Papua New Guinea (93)[78]  Rwanda (21)[79]  Saint Helena (10)[80]  Saint Kitts and Nevis (12)[81]  Saint Lucia (32)[82]  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (27)[83]  Samoa (41)[84]  Scotland (310) (hosts)[85]  Seychelles (39)[86]  Sierra Leone (23)[87]  Singapore (70)[88]  Solomon Islands (12)[89]  South Africa (187)[90]  Sri Lanka (103)[91]  Swaziland (15)[92]  Tanzania (36)[93]  Tonga (15)[94]  Trinidad and Tobago (127)[95][96]  Turks and Caicos Islands (9)[97]  Tuvalu (5)[98]  Uganda (62)[99]  Vanuatu (12)[100]  Wales (234)[101]  Zambia (47)[102]

Calendar[edit] See also: Chronological summary of the 2014 Commonwealth Games The following table shows a summary of the competition schedule.[103]

All times are in BST (UTC+1)

OC Opening ceremony ● Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony

July/August 23 Wed 24 Thu 25 Fri 26 Sat 27 Sun 28 Mon 29 Tue 30 Wed 31 Thu 1 Fri 2 Sat 3 Sun Events

Ceremonies OC

CC N/A

Athletics

4 7 7 7 9 7 9

50

Badminton

● ● ● ● 1 ● ● ● ● ● 5 6

Boxing

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 13

11

Cycling

4 4 5 4

2

2

2 23

Diving

3 2 3 2

10

Gymnastics

1 1 4

● 2 2 5 5

20

Hockey

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 2

Judo

5 4 5

14

Lawn bowls

● ● 1 2 2 ● ● 2 3

10

Netball

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1

Rugby sevens

● 1

1

Shooting

3 5 2 4 5

19

Squash

● ● ● ● 2 ● ● ● ● 1 2 5

Swimming

6 8 7 7 8 8

44

Table tennis

● ● ● 1 1 ● ● ● 2 3

7

Triathlon

2

1

3

Weightlifting

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1

4

19

Wrestling

5 5 4

14

Daily medal events

20 22 30 23 27 31 19 25 20 33 11 261

Cumulative total

20 42 72 95 122 153 172 197 217 250 261

July/August 23 Wed 24 Thu 25 Fri 26 Sat 27 Sun 28 Mon 29 Tue 30 Wed 31 Thu 1 Fri 2 Sat 3 Sun Total events

Sports[edit] A total of 18 sports and 261 medal events were contested at the 2014 Commonwealth Games.[104] A record 22 para-sport events were contested in five different sports (athletics, cycling, lawn bowls, swimming and weightlifting) and para track cycling was held for the very first time.[105] Archery
Archery
and tennis from the 2010 games were replaced on the sports programme with triathlon (for the first time since 2006)[106] and judo (first time since 2002). Among sport disciplines removed from 2010 include the walking events in athletics, synchronised swimming and Greco-Roman wrestling, while mountain biking was contested for the first time since 2006. Shooting
Shooting
medal events also dropped from 44 in 2010 to 19. Among new disciplines on the Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
programme for the first time were the triathlon mixed relay event, more shooting medal chances for women and the addition of women's boxing to the programme.[107][108] Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sport.

Aquatics

Diving
Diving
(10) (details) Swimming (44) (details)

Athletics (50) (details) Badminton
Badminton
(6) (details) Boxing
Boxing
(13) (details) Cycling
Cycling
(details)

Mountain biking
Mountain biking
(2) Road (4) Track (17)

Gymnastics
Gymnastics
(details)

Artistic gymnastics
Artistic gymnastics
(14) Rhythmic gymnastics
Rhythmic gymnastics
(6)

Hockey (2) (details) Judo
Judo
(14) (details) Lawn bowls
Lawn bowls
(10) (details) Netball
Netball
(1) (details) Rugby sevens
Rugby sevens
(1) (details) Shooting
Shooting
(19) (details) Squash (5) (details)

Table tennis
Table tennis
(7) (details) Triathlon
Triathlon
(3) (details) Weightlifting (19) (details) Wrestling
Wrestling
(details)

Freestyle (14)

Medal table[edit] Main article: 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
medal table Only the top ten successful nations are displayed here. The ranking in this table is consistent with International Olympic Committee convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a "nation" is an entity represented by a Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
Association). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by their three-letter country code.[109][110] Two bronze medals were awarded in boxing, judo and wrestling, except for Women's freestyle 75 kg as only five competitors were entered in the event. Additionally, two bronze medals were awarded in the men's 100 m backstroke and women's pole vault as a result of a tie between two athletes. No bronze medal was awarded in the men's synchronized 10 metre platform as only four teams competed in the event. Therefore, the total number of bronze medals is greater than the total number of gold or silver medals.

Key

  *   Host nation (Scotland)

2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
medal table

Rank CGA Gold Silver Bronze Total

1  England (ENG) 58 59 57 174

2  Australia (AUS) 49 42 46 137

3  Canada (CAN) 32 16 34 82

4  Scotland (SCO)* 19 15 19 53

5  India (IND) 15 30 19 64

6  New Zealand (NZL) 14 14 17 45

7  South Africa (RSA) 13 10 17 40

8  Nigeria (NGR) 11 11 14 36

9  Kenya (KEN) 10 10 5 25

10  Jamaica (JAM) 10 4 8 22

Total (37 CGAs) 261 261 302 824

Marketing[edit] Bid and interim logo[edit]

Interim and bid logo.

The interim logo for the Games was first used during Glasgow's bid, with the "Candidate City" section removed following 9 November 2007, when the bid was approved. The logo depicts two sprinters woven into a tartan motif, representing Scotland. The logo also vaguely resembles the Clyde Auditorium, one of Glasgow's most recognisable landmarks. The pattern, forming the Roman numerals
Roman numerals
XX, also represents the 20th edition of the Commonwealth Games. The text is more specifically Glaswegian, with its stylised Mackintosh font. A flag featuring the logo was used extensively during the bid process. The flag was flown above Merchant House in George Square
George Square
daily.[111] Sponsors[edit]

Official Games Partners Longines, SSE, Virgin Media, British Petroleum, Emirates and Ford

Official Games Supporters Harper MacLeod LLP, Search, EY, Atos, Dell, Toshiba, Barr, NVT Group, Cisco, Selex CS, Aggreko, ScotRail and First

Official Games Providers RGS, Trespass, Riedel, Ticketmaster, Sports Technology, ICON, Boston Networks, Gymnova, DB Schenker, Malcolm construction, Arena Group, Field & Lawn, John Lewis, Rapiscan systems, Yonex, Heineken, Technogym, The Famous Grouse, Mondo, Leith Group, Arnold Clark, Kellogg's, Toshiba, Bauer Media Group, Genius, Speedo and Gatorade

The Games brand identity[edit] The full Games brand identity was developed by Glasgow
Glasgow
design studio Tangent Graphic, the lead creative agency between 2010 and 2014. Tangent's first major project was the official sport Pictograms, launched on 23 July 2011, and they continued to deliver and influence every aspect of the Glasgow
Glasgow
2014 identity. Tangent inherited the official logo which was designed by Marque Creative. The logo was unveiled on Commonwealth Day, 8 March 2010.[112] It was inspired by three factors, time, data and measurement. Its rings are proportioned to represent the 20th Commonwealth Games, across 17 sports, over 11 days in 1 city. An animated version of the logo has also been produced.[113] There is also a version of the logo in Scottish Gaelic. Arthur Cormack, the Chair of Bòrd na Gàidhlig, made the following official statement:

" Bòrd na Gàidhlig welcomes the Gaelic version of the logo for the Glaschu 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
and we have been happy to work with the Glaschu 2014 team in helping them develop their identity. Given the unique importance of Gaelic to Scotland
Scotland
and the many Scots in the diaspora throughout the Commonwealth, we believe it should be seen, heard and spoken as widely as possible."

"Given the worldwide interest there will be in the Games when they take place in Glasgow, a city with a large number of Gaelic speakers, we believe they offer an exciting opportunity for Gaelic to be seen and, we hope, heard and appreciated in an international setting. We hope this is just the start; we wish the Games well and look forward to working further with Glaschu 2014 to enhance the status of Gaelic within this hugely significant event."[114]

The official website was built in phases, delivered by Dog Digital and Blonde. Mascot[edit]

Mascot sculpture in the Glasgow
Glasgow
Botanic Gardens

Main article: Clyde (mascot) Clyde, an anthropomorphic thistle named after the river which flows through the centre of Glasgow, was the official mascot of the 2014 Commonwealth Games. The mascot was designed by Beth Gilmour, who won a competition run by Glasgow
Glasgow
2014 for children to design the Mascot. Beth's drawing was then brought to life by digital agency Nerv, who turned it into a commercial character, created a full backstory, gave it a name – Clyde – and created a website for him. Clyde was finally revealed in a seven-minute animated film created by Nerv at a ceremony at BBC
BBC
Scotland's headquarters in Glasgow. The organiser, Glasgow
Glasgow
2014, said the mascot's design was chosen because of its "Scottish symbolism and Glaswegian charm and likeability".[115] 25 life-size Clyde statues were erected at places of public interest across the city including the Glasgow
Glasgow
Botanic Gardens, the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and at George Square. However following vandalism at a statue in the Govan
Govan
area of the city, the statues were taken down. They are expected to be re-erected in secure areas. By the final day of the Games, over 50,000 Clyde mascot cuddly toys had been sold.[116] Due to popularity in the city, the Clyde mascots are currently proposed official mascots of the City of Glasgow. Controversies[edit] Drug doping and testing[edit] Nigeria's Chika Amalaha failed a doping test and was stripped of a gold medal in the women's 53 kg weightlifting.[117] In the women's 400 metres final, Botswana's Amantle Montsho
Amantle Montsho
placed fourth; she was subsequently provisionally suspended pending the results of a B sample after failing a doping test.[118] Montsho's B sample was reported as positive on 14 August 2014.[119] See also[edit]

Glasgow
Glasgow
bid for the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics 2018 European Sports Championships in Glasgow
Glasgow
and Berlin

References[edit]

^ http://www.glasgow2014.com/news/news-stories/host-nation-scotland-top-glasgow-2014-social-leaderboard ^ https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2007/nov/09/lawrencebooth ^ https://www.teamscotland.scot/commonwealth-games/history-of-the-commonwealth-games/ ^ https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2007/nov/10/communities.regeneration ^ "Sachin Tendulkar to be 'special part' in the Commonwealth Games 2014 opening ceremony". India.com. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ Candidate City File: Glasgow's credentials (page 121) ^ " Glasgow
Glasgow
2014: Commonwealths hailed best in 84-year history". BBC Sport. Retrieved 3 August 2014.  ^ " Glasgow
Glasgow
2014: Praise heaped on 'best Games ever'". BBC
BBC
Sport. Retrieved 3 August 2014.  ^ " Glasgow
Glasgow
2014: Usain Bolt, Nicola Adams and Tom Daley all win gold". BBC
BBC
Sport. Retrieved 3 August 2014.  ^ " Glasgow
Glasgow
2014: Wales chief Brian Davies delighted with medal haul". BBC
BBC
Sport. Retrieved 3 August 2014.  ^ "Kataotau wins Kiribati's first Games medal". Sydney Morning Herald. 31 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014.  ^ " BBC
BBC
NEWS - Asia-Pacific - Blair enjoys Games as tour begins". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ "Final push for Glasgow
Glasgow
2014 Games". BBC
BBC
News. BBC
BBC
News. 5 November 2007.  ^ " Glasgow
Glasgow
launches Commonwealth bid". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ " Glasgow
Glasgow
reveal 2014 bid sports". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ "Commonwealth bid city pulls out". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ "Nigerians keen to host games". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 June 2015.  ^ "The Story so Far". Glagow 2014. May 2007. Archived from the original on 24 June 2008.  ^ " BBC
BBC
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2014 Commonwealth Games.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Glasgow
Glasgow
2014 Commonwealth Games.

Official website Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
Official Site Glasgow
Glasgow
2014 Candidate City File CWG 2014 Schedule 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
Evaluation Report Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
information – Clyde Waterfront SECC National Arena – Clyde Waterfront project details Clyde Mascot Website Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
2014 Medal Tally Mascot's website

Preceded by Delhi 2010 Commonwealth GamesHost city XX Commonwealth Games Succeeded by Gold Coast 2018

v t e

Associations at the 2014 Commonwealth Games

Africa

Botswana Cameroon Ghana Kenya Lesotho Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Nigeria Rwanda Seychelles Sierra Leone South Africa Swaziland Tanzania Uganda Zambia

Americas

Belize Bermuda Canada Falkland Islands Guyana Saint Helena

Asia

Bangladesh Brunei India Malaysia Maldives Pakistan Singapore Sri Lanka

Caribbean

Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Barbados British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Dominica Grenada Jamaica Montserrat Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands

Europe

Cyprus England Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Malta Northern Ireland Scotland Wales

Oceania

Australia Cook Islands Fiji Kiribati Nauru New Zealand Niue Norfolk Island Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

v t e

Commonwealth Games

Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
Federation Commonwealth of Nations Head of the Commonwealth Participating Nations Commonwealth Day Inter-Empire Championships Queen's Baton Relay Medal Table Sports Records

Games

1930 Hamilton 1934 London 1938 Sydney 1950 Auckland 1954 Vancouver 1958 Cardiff 1962 Perth 1966 Kingston 1970 Edinburgh 1974 Christchurch 1978 Edmonton 1982 Brisbane 1986 Edinburgh 1990 Auckland 1994 Victoria 1998 Kuala Lumpur 2002 Manchester 2006 Melbourne 2010 Delhi 2014 Glasgow 2018 Gold Coast 2022 Birmingham 2026 TBA

Commonwealth Youth Games Commonwealth Winter Games Commonwealth Paraplegic Games

v t e

Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
medal tables

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

v t e

Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
results

Archery

1982 2010

Athletics

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Badminton

1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Basketball

2006 2018

Boxing

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018

Cricket

1998

Cycling

1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Diving

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Fencing

1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970

Gymnastics

1978 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Hockey

1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Judo

1990 2002 2014

Lawn bowls

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Netball

1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Rowing

1930 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1986

Rugby sevens

1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Shooting

1966 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Squash

1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Swimming

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Synchronised swimming

1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010

Table tennis

2002 2006 2010 2014

Tennis

2010

Triathlon

2002 2006 2014

Weightlifting

1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014

Wrestling

1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1994 2002 2010 2014

v t e

Sports at the 2014 Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
(Glasgow)

Athletics Badminton Boxing Cycling Diving Gymnastics Hockey Judo Lawn bowls Netball Rugby sevens Shooting Squash Swimming Table tennis Triathlon Weightlifting Wrestling

Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
portal 2010s port